Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Nardostachys jatamansi

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Caprifoliaceae
Scientific name  Nardostachys jatamansi
Rank  Species
Order  Dipsacales
Genus  Nardostachys
Higher classification  Nardostachys
Nardostachys jatamansi httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsaa
Similar  Nardostachys, Waterhyssop, False daisy, Hyssop, Convolvulus pluricaulis

Balchad nardostachys jatamansi dc by vaidhraj acharya balkrishna ji mahraj

Nardostachys jatamansi is a flowering plant of the Valerian family that grows in the Himalayas. It is a source of a type of intensely aromatic amber-colored essential oil, spikenard. The oil has, since ancient times, been used as a perfume, as a medicine and in religious contexts. It is also called spikenard, nard, nardin, or muskroot.


Nardostachys jatamansi Valerian and Nardostachys


Nardostachys jatamansi is a flowering plant of the honeysuckle family that grows in the eastern Himalayas, primarily in a belt through Kumaon, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan. The plant grows to about 1 m in height and has pink, bell-shaped flowers. It is found in the altitude of about 3000–5000 meters. Rhizomes (underground stems) can be crushed and distilled into an intensely aromatic amber-colored essential oil, which is very thick in consistency. Nard oil is used as a perfume, an incense, a sedative, and an herbal medicine said to fight insomnia, birth difficulties, and other minor ailments.


The chemical components of Nardostachys jatamansi have been assayed in a number of different studies. These compounds include:

  • acaciin
  • ursolie acid
  • octacosanol
  • kanshone A
  • nardosinonediol
  • nardosinone
  • aristolen-9beta-ol
  • oleanolic acid
  • beta-sitosterol
  • Historical use

    Nardostachys jatamansi Valerian and Nardostachys

    Nardostachys jatamansi may have been used as an ingredient in the incense known as spikenard, although lavender has also been suggested as a candidate for the spikenard of classical times.

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    Nardostachys jatamansi Wikipedia

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