Namsos is a municipality in Nord-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Namdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Namsos. Other villages in the municipality include Bangsund, Klinga, Ramsvika, Skomsvoll, and Spillum. The municipality has a population of 12,906 and covers an area of 777.89 square kilometers (300.35 sq mi).
The first part of the name comes from the local river Namsen. The last element is os, which means the "mouth of a river".
The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 5 May 1961. They were regranted on 21 October 1966 when a town was annexed by Namsos. The arms show a golden moose head on a red background. The moose was chosen as a symbol for the municipality, since Namsos is the capital of the forest-rich Namdalen region, and the moose is the "king of the forest".See also: Coats-of-arms of Aremark, Namsskogan, Ringsaker and Tynset
The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Namsos. It is part of the Namdal deanery in the Diocese of Nidaros.
In 1846, the town of Namsos was established at the mouth of the Namsen river in the Sævik area of Overhalden. It was established as its own municipality, with 591 inhabitants, as it was separated from Vemundvik (Namsos herred/Namsos landdistrikt).
In 1865, Namsos also became a parish in the Church of Norway. It had been decided to build a church in the city in March 1859; the construction was finished in November. In May 1865, the parish was created, with the sub-parishes of Sævik and Vemundvik, formerly within Overhalla parishh, was incorporated into Namsos' parish limits.
Areas of Vemundvik lying adjacent to the town of Namsos were later incorporated within the city limits on numerous occasions. On 1 January 1882, an area with 109 inhabitants was moved to the city; on 1 July 1921 an area with 927 inhabitants; and on 1 July 1957, another area with a population of 6. On 1 January 1964, the size of Namsos was significantly increased as the municipalities Vemundvik (population: 2,040) and Klinga (population: 2,482) were incorporated into it. The same thing happened with the northern part of Otterøy (population: 1,013), and the Finnanger area of Fosnes (population: 116) were incorporated into Namsos. Namsos, which previously had a population of 5,224, had its size increased to 10,875 inhabitants.
Consisting mostly of wooden houses, it has been burned down to the ground on three occasions during its relatively short history. The first fire was in 1872, caused by two boys playing with matches. The second fire was in 1897, from an unknown cause. The third time was during World War II when the town was bombed by German airplanes on 20 April 1940.
The location by the river and the large forests nearby made the town ideal for sawmills. There were eleven mills in their heyday, but only one remains: Moelven Van Severen. In addition, the Norwegian Sawmill Museum is located at Spillum just south of the town. The museum is located at the now closed and restored Spillum Dampsag & Hovleri sawmill from 1884.
The town has a swimming pool, Oasen, built inside a mountain.
The town is located on a small bay, about 15 miles (24 km) from the sea, near the head of Namsenfjorden and at the mouth of the river Namsen, one of the richest salmon rivers in Europe]. The municipality also includes the islands of Otterøya and Hoddøya as well as the southwestern half of Elvalandet island.
The main part of the town is built on a small, low-lying promontory which extends into the bay. To the north, low forested hills rise fairly steeply to over 200 metres (660 ft). There is a viewpoint from the hills above the city which is called Klompen with a height of 114 metres (374 ft) with a road for cars up to the top that is open each summer. To the east extends the wide Namdalen valley. To the south over the bay and mouth of the river Namsen are hills that reach 440 metres (1,440 ft).
The climate is generally maritime. The average temperature in January is −2.4 °C (27.7 °F), in July it is 13.3 °C (55.9 °F). The mean annual temperature is 5 °C (41 °F) and the annual precipitation is 1,340 millimetres (53 in).
All municipalities in Norway, including Namsos, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.
The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Namsos is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to every four years. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:
Namsos Airport is located just outside the town of Namsos, around 3 km from the city, with direct flights to Trondheim, Rørvik, Mosjøen, Bodø. Norwegian County Road 17 runs through part of the municipality. The closed Namsos Line runs from Namsos to Grong. The island of Otterøya is connected to the mainland via the Lokkaren Bridge.