Neha Patil (Editor)


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Country  Philippines
Congr. districts  7th District
Barangays  30
Province  Cavite
Founded  1869
Region  CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Similar  Cavite, Dasmariñas, Imus

Naic, officially Municipality of Naic (Filipino: Bayan ng Naic) is a municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is just 47 kilometres (29 mi) away from the city of Manila. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,454 people, in a land area of 76.24 square kilometers with an income classification of 1st Class.


The Municipality has several histories when it comes to the origin of the name. One theory suggests that it is when a Spaniard asked a native what the pig is doing and said "Na - igik". Another one suggests that it is from a Spanish word "Ca - Naic" meaning neighboring place. Another one suggests that Naic is an acronym for Nuestra Adorada Immaculada Concepcion, the town's patron saint.


Naic, Cavite is one of the former barrios of Maragondon, along with 1) Magallanes (named after Magellan, the Portuguese explorer who was recognized as the first world circumnavigator, after reaching the Philippines under the Spanish Flag); 2) Bailen (named after a town in Spain wherefrom the Friar Baltazar Narváez came, but renamed and now, General Emilio Aguinaldo, after the first President of the First Philippine Republic; 3) Tagaytay City, a former part of Alfonso; 4) Alfonso, (named after the King Alfonso who ascended the throne as a youngster, after his mother, a child Queen abdicated—after being enthroned by a General -later Count- Narváez); and 5) Ternate (a town with three names, Ternate, Wawa, Barra. Ternate was the name of the home in Mollucas of the settlers who were sent by the Dutch and Portuguese to the Philippines to fight the Chinese Pirates; Wawa was the name for this Shores-rich little site; Barra was the name given for this "Docking Place or Site" of Maragondon.)

Better spelled NAIC as an acronym-for Nuestra Adorada (or Amable or Amante) Inmaculada Concepción, Spanish for Our Adorable (or Amiable or Loving) Immaculate Conception, referring to the Patroness of the then barrio, Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, whose feast the barrio celebrated (and the Town continues to celebrate) on December 8.

Naic has several histories when it comes to the origin of its name. One theory suggests that it originated when a Spaniard asked a native about what the pig is doing and he said "Na - igik" thus later on developed as Naic. Another one suggests that it came from a Spanish word "Ca - Naic" meaning neighboring place by which its mother town was the present Maragondon. Another theory put forward is that Naic is an acronym for Nuestra Adorada Immaculada Concepcion. The town's name is the Spanish translation of the town's patron saint, Our Lady of Immaculate Concepcion. As an honor and reverence to Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, the town folks celebrate annually their town fiesta on every 8th day of December.


Thousands of years ago, Naic was a part of the towering Mt. Taal. Naic was the western slope of the volcano until its internal eruption which led to the sinking of its apex in its present condition.

When the Jesuits discovered Maragondon in 1627, its total land area covers the whole of Naic, Ternate, and Magallanes (Vance; Saulo and De Ocampo, 1990; Medina, 1992). In 1758, the Jesuits founded a community in the western bank of the river (present Barangay Muzon) and made it into a "sitio" with a visita still under Maragondon.

In 1791, the community was finally made into a town with its poblacion still in the western bank. The town was named Naic after the old archaic word "can(ia)ayic" meaning "town near one another" or "the other side" (Medina, 1992), while Alfredo B. Saulo contends that Naic is a highly cultured Tagalog word meaning "suburbs" or "countryside". Also in Malaysia, Naic means "overboard" which only proves that the term used, refers to the fact that Naic was just a part of the older town of Maragondon and not from the crying sound of pigs (na-igik).

Moreover, due to the closeness of Naic to the poblacion in Maragondon, Naic transferred its center in 1798 to the eastern bank of the river (the present poblacion)(Medina, 1992). Also during this time, the town was already a flourishing fishing and agricultural village (Villanueva, 1982). On the other hand, the church, since 1797, was under the secular clergy who were mostly Filipinos (Jose, 1997; Medina, 1992). Upon the "Royal Audiencia" issued in 1849, the church was transferred to the Dominican Friars in 1865. The Dominicans upon finding out that the land in Naic was fertile, built the Casa Hacienda de Naic (the present Naic Elementary School) to be the administration building for the overseer of the larger friar lands in Naic (Jose, 1996).

In the Philippine revolution of 1896-1899, all the names of the towns in Cavite were filipinized, thus, the name of Naic was changed to "Maguagi". Furthermore, five events significant to the revolution took place in Naic. These were as follows:

1. The designing of the first official flag of the country which took place in Sulok, Naic, Cavite (the present Velamart).

2. The creation of the Naic Military Agreement, a document by which Andres Bonifacio sought to assert his authority as leader of the Philippine revolutionary government in defiance of Emilio Aguinaldo's government initiated in Tejeros (Casa Hacienda de Naic).

3. The appointment of the first cabinet ministers including the Departments of Interior, Justice, Finance, and Defence (Casa Hacienda de Naic).

4. The Battle of Timalan where the Filipino revolutionists won overwhelmingly against the Spanish troops (Timalan, Naic Cavite).

5. The Battle of Naic where Aguinaldo declared the town to be his last defense (Poblation) (Medina, 1996, de Achutegui, 1972; Aguinaldo, 1964; T.A. Agoncillo, 1963).

The prominent people who paved the way for the revolution in Naic included former gobernadorcillos and capitanes municipal; namely, Cirilo Arenas, Gregorio (Goyo) Jocson, in whose house General Aguinaldo recuperated from illness, Benito Poblete, and Tobal Bustamante.

A sprinkling of upperclassmen could also be found in other towns of Cavite whose wealth came from rural landholdings, urban properties, and/or successful business ventures. The Cuencas of Bacoor, the Papa, De Castro, Valentin, and Arenas families of Naic, the Darwins of Indang pertained to this class.

Naic is also the very first town in the country to pass an ordinance banning pigs from the street. It had been a perennial problem of the country. It is one of the greatest achievement of Naic because the other towns followed suit.


The municipality of Naic is located on the western part of the province along the shorlines of Manila Bay. Trece Martires City and Tanza bound it to the east. Situated beyond the southern portion of Naic is Indang and the western boundary is shared with Ternate and Maragondon. Travel between Naic and Metro Manila covers 47 Kilometers.Majority of the upland towns and some of those in lowlands trade with Naic due to its strategic geographical position. The coordinates of Naic are 14°32 latitude and 120°768 longitude.


The Municipality of Naic is politically divided into 30 barangays.


In the 2015 census, the population of Naic, was 111,454 people, with a density of 1,500 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,900 inhabitants per square mile.

It is the 9th most populous and the 14th most densely populated municipality/city in the province. The massive increase can be observed in the year 1990 when industrialization was introduced in the Province of Cavite (including Naic). Investors established their businesses in different industrial estates that magnetized people to migrate to Cavite due to job opportunities the province offers. Another factor attributed to the increase of population is the mushrooming of housing subdivisions (such as Belmont Homes in Palangue and Dorothea Homes in both Halang and Calubcob). Natural increase also contributes to the increase in population. The population density of the municipality based on the 2015 census was 1,500 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,800 inhabitants per square mile.

Among the barangays in Naic, Brgy. Ibayo Silangan has the biggest population with 11,250 people while Brgy. Balsahan has registered the smallest population with 478 people.

The population of Naic have grown from the past few years. On 1990 the recorded population count by the National Statistics Office is about 52,000, about 73,000 on year 2000 (which increased by 3.45%), 87,058 is recorded on 2007 (2.46% increase), about 88,000 on 2010 (0.39% increase) and 111,454 on 2015 (increased by 4.60%).


The vernacular language is Filipino, based mostly on the Tagalog of surrounding areas, and this Tagalog form used is the Manila form of spoken Tagalog which essentially become the lingua franca of the Philippines, having spread throughout the archipelago through mass media and entertainment. English is the language most widely used in education and business.


Municipal government in the Philippines is divided into three – independent cities, component cities, and municipalities (sometimes referred to as towns). Several cities across the country are "independent cities" which means that they are not governed by a province, even though like Iloilo City the provincial capitol might be in the city. Independent city residents do not vote for nor hold provincial offices. Far more cities are component cities and are a part of a province. Municipalities are always a part of a province except for Pateros which was separated from Rizal to form Metro Manila.

Cities and municipalities are governed by mayors and legislatures, which are called the Sangguniang Panlungsod in cities and the Sangguniang Bayan in municipalities

The Municipality of Naic is governed by a Mayor and a Vice Mayor, who are elected to three-year terms. The Mayor is the head and leads the municipality's departments in executing the municipal ordinances and improving public services. The Vice Mayor is the right-hand of the president the Vice Mayor also heads the legislative council consisting of eight councilors, or more commonly known as Sangguniang Bayan members. The Municipal Council is in charge of creating the municipality's policies in the form of Ordinances and Resolutions.

The following is a list of municipal presidents and mayors of Naic from the beginning of the American regime to the present:

1. Marcial Velasquez, (2) Blas Cena, (3) Leoncio Velasco, (4) Cristobal Bustamante, (5) Andres Gonzales, (6) Pedro Valenzuela, (7) Ciriaco Nazareno, (8) Vicente Diosomito, (9) Jose Nazareno, (10) Ciriaco Ramos, (11) Blas Poblete, (12) Mariano Nazareno, (13) Antero Tanega, (14) Fidel Bustamante, (15) Emilio Arenas, (16) Crispulo Miguelino, (17) Saturno Ramirez, (18) Leon D. Nazareno, (19) Macario B. PeÑa, 1955-1976, (20) Clemente I. Mojica, 1976-1980; (21) Elvira Nazareno, December 1980-March 2, 1981; and (22) Clemente I. Mojica, March 3, 1981-1986; (23) Elvira B. Nazareno, 1988


The town of Naic is home to a few late 19th century to early American period ancestral houses which remain to this day.

  • Casa Hacienda de Naic
  • Diocesan Shrine of the Immaculate Conception Church (Naic)
  • Museo de Nuestra Adorada Immaculada Concepcion
  • Saddle & Clubs Leisure Park (Santa Ana Park).
  • Services

    The municipal government provides many services to its people and community. Some of the notable services are financial, medical, school fees and burial expenses, free school supply distribution, libreng tuli (free circumcision) and haextensive programs for the elderly, solo parents, out-of-school youths and mother. Blood Donation services is also one of the services. Services for the environment such as "Tapat mo Linis mo" and "Clean and Green" also takes place on the municipality.


    Education in the Philippines is managed and regulated by the Department of Education (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). DepEd is responsible for the K–12 basic education; it exercises full and exclusive control over public schools and nominal regulation overprivate schools, and it also enforces the national curriculum that has been put in place since 2013. CHED and TESDA, on the other hand, are responsible for higher education; CHED regulates the academically-oriented universities and colleges while TESDA oversees the development of technical and vocational education institutions and programs in the country.


  • Naic Coastal National High School
  • Naic National High School
  • Naic National High School - Sabang Annex
  • Pre-School

  • Bancaan Christian Learning Center, Inc
  • Labac Christian Learning Center, Inc.
  • Maricar Learing Center
  • Sacred Heart Montessori School
  • High-Schools

  • Cavite Community Academy
  • Western Colleges
  • References

    Naic Wikipedia

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