Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Music of Assam

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National anthem  Jana Gana Mana
Music of Assam
Music awards  Filmfare Awards Punjabi Music Awards Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
Music festivals  Saptak Festival of Music Chennai Music Season Dover Lane music festival Tyagaraja Aradhana
Music media  Sruti The Record Music Magazine

The music of Assam (Assamese: অসমৰ সংগীত), a state in the northeastern part of India, can be divided into various categories of folk music. In recent times starting the late eighties popular artistes have modernized the music that caters to local popular demand.

Contents

A basic characteristic of the ethnic music of Assam is its descending scale which distinguishes it from the raga-based or folk music from the rest of India. This style is shared by ethnic music of the hill people surrounding the state of Assam, and by the music of Thailand, Myanmar and China.

The native music of Assam including Bihu songs, Bodo, Karbi and Mising songs are structured and sung to the Pentatonic scale exactly similar to Chinese Traditional Music, an indication of the ancient Chinese influence on Assamese Culture.

Furthermore, the tunes are structured in a pyramid, in contrast to the music of rest of India which is meend based. Assam is a state with valleys and hills, and the home of many ethnic tribes. Just as the geography and varied people co-exist, the pulsating Bihu songs co-exist with languorous music of other forms.

Music has been imperative in the Assamese subsistence. There is no precise attestation to substantiate the dawning of Assamese music, however, it could be stated that Assam has been musically affluent since the naissance of the mighty Brahmaputra.

Historians claim that a distinctive culture of the conglomeration of Songs, Musical Instruments and Dance was observed in Assam during the 2nd century. The legend of Princess Usha of Sonitpur and her cohort Chitralekha also enlighten us on the Musical expertise of the Assamese women. History also claims that Assamese Music was admired even in China.

During the Vedic era Assam was introduced with Ragas and Dhrupad Shailee of the Indian Classical music. The connoisseurs however have divided the classical Assamese music into two parts – Borgeet and Ojapali. The composers of Borgeet Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardeva and his disciple Madhavdeva gave a new definition to the Assamese music.

Regional folk music

  • Kamrupi Lokageet
  • Goalpariya Lokageet
  • Ojapali
  • Tokari geet
  • Deh Bisaror Geet
  • Baramahi geet
  • Malita (ballad)
  • Biya geet
  • Naam
  • Ethnic folk music

  • Jhumur
  • Bharigaan [1]
  • Bihu songs

  • Bihugeet
  • Husori [2]
  • Allied styles

  • Biyanaam
  • Nisukoni geet
  • Gorokhiya Naam
  • Bon Geet
  • Bhakti music

  • Borgeet [3]
  • Zikir and Zari
  • Ainaam
  • Dihanaam
  • Hiranaam
  • Modern music

  • Assamese Film Soundtracks
  • Assamese alternative contemporary music
  • Assamese Pop music
  • Assamese Country music
  • Assamese Country Pop music
  • Assamese Folk Fusion music
  • Assamese Soft Rock music
  • Assamese Blues music
  • Musical instruments

  • Dhol
  • Gogona : Ramdhon gogona and Lahori gogona
  • Pepa
  • Taal
  • Toka
  • Xutuli
  • Khol
  • Mridanga
  • Madol
  • Dotara
  • Dogor
  • Baanhi (Flute)
  • Nagera
  • Ektara
  • Bhortala
  • Doba
  • Bah jantra (Bamboo sound)
  • Zuri tala
  • kaali
  • Bortala
  • khanjari
  • Dutara
  • Exponents of Assamese music

  • Mahapurush Srimanta Shankardev
  • Sri Sri Madhabdeva
  • Bhupen Hazarika
  • Bishnuprasad Rabha
  • Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
  • Dipali Barthakur
  • Jayanta Hazarika
  • Parvati Prasad Baruwa
  • Pratima Barua Pandey
  • Rameshwar Pathak
  • Khagen Mahanta
  • Anima Choudhury
  • Some other prominent composers, musicians, playback and AIR singers

  • Zubeen Garg
  • Angaraag "Papon" Mahanta
  • Ambikagiri Raichoudhury
  • Ron Kaushik
  • Axl Hazarika
  • Anindita Paul
  • Beauty Sharma Barua
  • Begum Parveen Sultana
  • Bornali Kalita
  • Dhrubajyoti Phukan
  • Debojit Saha
  • Dipak Sarma
  • Jim Ankan Deka
  • Joi Barua
  • Kalpana Patowary
  • Mayukh Hazarika
  • Parvati Prasad Baruwa
  • Queen Hazarika
  • Rameshwar Pathak
  • Rudra Baruah
  • Tarali Sarma
  • Alaap Dudul
  • Jayanta Sonowal
  • Aniruddha Barua
  • Anurag Saikia
  • Anupam Saikia
  • Apurba Kumar Das
  • Apurba Bezbaruah
  • Arun Das
  • Dimpee Sonowal
  • Ashim Hazarika
  • Bhaben Borthakur
  • Bhupen Uzir
  • Bijoy Bhuyan
  • Biman Baruah
  • Birina Pathak
  • Dhanada Pathak
  • Dimpee Sonowal
  • Dony Hazarika
  • Dolly Ghosh
  • Dr. Ankur Deka
  • Geetashree Rajkhowa (Mizee)
  • Hemanta Dutta
  • Indreshwar Sharma
  • J. P. Das
  • Jayanta Das
  • Jitul Sonowal
  • Jyotirmoi Kakoti
  • Keshab Mahanta
  • Krishnamoni Chutia
  • Late Nupur Bordoloi
  • Loknath Goswami
  • Mahendra Hazarika
  • Malobika Bora
  • Manash Robin
  • Manisha Hazarika
  • Mayukh Hazarika
  • Mihir Bordoloi
  • Mitali Choudhary
  • Mousum Gogoi
  • Mousumi Sohoria
  • Namita Bhattarcharjya
  • Nasreen Halim Ahned
  • Nanda Banerjee
  • Nilima Khatun
  • Nirupama Dey
  • Nurul Haque
  • Palash Gogoi
  • Partha Pratim Choudhury
  • Poran Borkatoky(Jojo)
  • Porikshit Kalita
  • Prabhat Sarma
  • Prashun Ghosh
  • Pulak Banerjee
  • Queen Das
  • Rani Paul
  • Ridip Dutta
  • Rizuwana Sultana Ahmed
  • Samar Hazarika
  • Sandhya Menon
  • Saru Guhain
  • Saswati Phukan
  • Shanta Uzir
  • Sher Choudhury
  • Sudakshina Sharma
  • Surja Das
  • Tarulata Das
  • Moriya Ariya
  • Sharmin Rahman Sultana
  • References

    Music of Assam Wikipedia


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