|Resting place Jalalabad|
Name Muhammad Khan
Education Darul Uloom Deoband
Denomination Sunni Islam
Title Maulana, Masih al-Ummah
Born 1911/1912 (age 79–81) Sara'i Barla, Aligarh district, British India
Occupation Islamic scholar, Sufi shaykh
Books The Path to Perfection: An Edited Anthology of the Spiritual Teachings of Hakim Al-Umma Mawlana Ashraf ʻAli Thanawi
Died 12 November 1992 (aged 79–81) Jalalabad, Muzaffarnagar District, India
Similar Muhammad Ilyas Kandhlawi, Naeem ud Deen Muradabadi, Anwar Shah Kashmiri
Muhammad Masihullah Khan Sherwani Jalalabadi (Urdu: محمد مسیح الله خان شیروانی جلال آبادی, Muḥammad Masīhu’llāh Khān Shīrwānī Jalāl ābādī; 1911/1912 – 12 November 1992) was an Indian Deobandi Islamic scholar known as an authority in Sufism. He was among the senior khalifahs of Ashraf Ali Thanvi, who gave him the title "Masih al-Ummah" ("Comforter of the Ummah").
Muhammad Masihullah Khan was born in 1329 or 1330 AH (1911/1912) in Sara’i Barla, a village in the Aligarh district of Uttar Pradesh, India. His family was of the Sherwani tribe, a Sayyid tribe of Pathans. His father's name was Ahmad Sa`id Khan.
Masihullah was known for his piety in his youth, and he often sat in the company of the ulama and Sufis. He developed a close companionship with Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalvi, who introduced him to the books and lectures of Ashraf Ali Thanvi.
Education and training
The greater part of Masihullah's Islamic education was undertaken in his hometown under Mufti Sa`id Ahmad Lucknowi. He then enrolled in Darul Uloom Deoband in 1347 AH (1928/1929). In the same year he took bay`ah (pledge of allegiance to a Sufi shaykh) on the hands of Ashraf Ali Thanvi.
At Darul Uloom Deoband, Masihullah's teachers included Husain Ahmad Madani, Muhammad I'zaz Ali Amrohi, Syed Mian Asghar Husain Deobandi, and Muhammad Ibrahim Baliyawi.
Masihullah graduated in Sha`ban 1351 AH (1932). On 25 Shawwal 1351 (February 1933), he was granted khilafah by Thanvi, his shaykh, and was thus authorized to take his own disciples. Despite Masihullah's young age, Thanvi listed him among his eleven most distinguished khalifahs (spiritual representatives). Thanvi had confidence in Masihullah's methods of spiritual training, and would sometimes refer disciples to Masihullah for training.
Upon the direction of Thanvi, in 1357 AH (1938/1939) Masihullah moved to the town of Jalalabad in the district of Muzaffarnagar, due to the need for a teacher there. In Jalalabad, Masihullah took charge of a small, two-roomed school known as Madrasah Miftah al-`Ulum. Within thirty years the school developed from a simple maktab into a large madrasah with Islamic education offered from the elementary level up to the Alimiyah and Ifta levels.
In 1407 AH (1986/1987), Masihullah gave the responsibility for running the madrasah to his son so that he could devote more time to his khanqah, where an increasingly large number of people were coming for spiritual reformation. Every Monday and Thursday, Masihullah would conduct a two- to three-hour gathering for instructing his disciples. Every Friday, after the jumu`ah prayer, he would have a gathering for the general public which would be attended by several hundred people from Jalalabad and the surrounding areas.
Masihullah died on Thursday night, 12 November 1992. He was buried the next day after jumu`ah. The janazah prayer was led by Mufti Inayatullah, and his funeral was attended by over 250,000 people. He was buried in the cemetery next to the madrasah.