Muhammad Jafar (born 1951) is the Vice-President of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind, a hardline Islamic organization and movement within Islam in India and was the First National President of Students Islamic Organisation of India. As of 2011 he was a member of the leadership organ of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind, the Markazi Majlis e Shura (Central Advisory Council).
Mohammad Jafar graduated from Patna University where he met Dr. Hassan Raza (presently Ameer-e-Halqa JIH Jharkhand) and was attracted to the Qur'an Study circle of the late Dr. Ziaul Hoda. Jafar started his journey in the Islamic movement as member of Hodas' Halqa-e-Tolaba Muttafeqeen Jamaat-e-Islami Patna, joining Ameer, JIH Patna in the late 1960s.
He became the youngest member of JIH in Bihar in 1973. In April 1982 he became Nazim-e-Aala (President) of Halqa-e-Talaba Islami Bihar. This group merged into the newly formed all-India organization, Islami Tanzeem-e-Talaba, which later became the Students Islamic Organization of India. He was elected the first all-India President of SIO in 1983 and led the organization until 1985. He was appointed Ameer-e-Halqua, JIH Bihar for 1986–90.
In 1990 he became Secretary-General of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind and held this responsibility until 2007, during the Imarat (Presidency) of Maulana Sirajul Hassan and Abdul Haque Ansari. In 2007 he was appointed as Naib Ameer-e-Jamaat (Vice President) by Maulana Jalaluddin Umri, the newly elected Ameer-e-Jamaat.
Mohammad Jafar was groomed primarily by Hoda. He became a full-time worker in JIH Halqa Bihar office in 1973. During the Indian Emergency in 1975, he was arrested along with Hoda and other Jamaat wokers and remained in jail for four months.
He is cousin of Maulana Syed Nizamuddin, Secretary-General of All-India Muslim Personal Law Board.
He became a member of the Executive Committee of All India Muslim Personal Law Board and Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat in 1990. As of 2011 he held the responsibility of Vice President of the Mushawarat (Syed Shahabuddin). He was a member of Babri Masjid Co-ordination Committee.
Jafar holds the position of Vice President, Human Welfare Trust and Human Welfare Foundation, New Delhi, Chairman, Society of Bright Future, a disaster management & relief society and member of the Managing Committees of various Trusts and societies established by the Islamic movement in India.