Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Mrigal carp

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Higher classification

Scientific name
Cirrhinus cirrhosus


Mrigal carp wwwagauburnedufishmediagalleryfiles201308

Cirrhinus, catla catla, Rohu, Labeo, Orangefin labeo

Fishing how to fishing mrigal carp c tr i

The mrigal carp (Cirrhinus cirrhosus, also Cirrhinus mrigala), also known as the mrigal and the white carp, is a species of ray-finned fish in the carp family. Native to streams and rivers in India, the only surviving wild population is in the Cauvery River, leading to its IUCN rating as vulnerable. It is widely aquafarmed and introduced populations exist outside its native range. It reaches a maximum length of 1 m (3.3 ft).


Mrigal carp Mrigal carp photo Cirrhinus cirrhosus G80165 ARKive


Mrigal carp Mrigal carp photo Cirrhinus cirrhosus G76302 ARKive

Mrigal is popular as a food fish and an important aquacultured freshwater species throughout South Asia. It is widely farmed as a component of a polyculture system of three Indian major carps, along with roho labeo and the catla. The introduction to aquaculture across India started in the early 1940s and in the 1950s and in the 1960s to other Asian countries. The mrigal carp fails to breed naturally in ponds, thus induced breeding is done.

Mrigal carp Mrigal Fish Modern Farming Methods

The Indian carps are considered as a delicacy compared to other exotic carp species also cultured in Asia, and sell for higher prices. Reported annual aquafarming production numbers of mrigal carp since the early 1990s have varied between 250,000 and 550,000 tonnes, with no clear trend. India and Bangladesh are the largest producers.

Habitat and ecology

Mrigal carp Mrigal Carp Gillhams Fishing Resorts

Mrigal is the benthopelagic and potamodromous plankton feeder. It inhabits fast flowing streams and rivers, but can tolerate high levels of salinity. Spawning occurs in marginal areas of the water bodies with a depth of 50 to 100 centimetres (20 to 39 in) over a sand or clay substrate. A 6-kilogram (13 lb) female can lay a million eggs. This fish has a rapid growth rate; by the age of two individuals can reach a length of 60 centimetres (24 in) and can weigh as much as 2 kilograms (4.4 lb).

Mrigal carp Mrigal Carp


Mrigal carp Wikipedia

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