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Mountain dog

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Mountain dog

Mountain dog is a generic form of dog, a group of similar or related dog breeds or landraces typically from mountain environs of central Eurasia.


They are often a working dog, particularly a livestock or flock guardian or farm dog. By and large, these dogs tend to have a claimed Molosser dog in their genetic heritage. Most have a double coat.


  • FCI Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid and Swiss Mountain Dog Group is a designation used only by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • Swiss mountain dog or Sennenhund — called Swiss mountain dogs or Swiss Cattle Dogs — are farm dogs
  • Specific breeds or landraces

  • Turkish Akbash Dog
  • Alpine Mastiff an extinct breed and progenitor of the St. Bernard, among other Mountain dog breeds. Also known as Barry Dog and Saint Dog.
  • Anatolian Shepherd Dog, Turkey
  • Armenian mountain dog, alternative names being the Armenian Gampr and Armenian wolfhound. An alleged prototypical source of dog genetics and a landrace, not just a breed.
  • Appenzeller Sennenhund (redirect from Appenzell Mountain Dog) is a medium-size breed of dog, one of the four Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds- Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
  • Bernese Mountain Dog called in Swiss German the Berner Sennenhund, a large breed of dog, one of the four breeds of Sennenhund
  • Bucovina Shepherd Dog
  • Cão de Gado Transmontano, aka Transmontano Mastiff, is a large molosser working dog breed, originating in Portugal.
  • Carpathian Shepherd Dog
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dog (redirect from Caucasian Mountain Dog) (Georgian კავკასიური ნაგაზი "Kavkasiuri nagazi"),
  • Central Asian Shepherd Dog
  • Entlebucher Mountain Dog or Entlebucher Mountain Dog is the smallest of the four Sennenhunds in Switzerland, recognized by the American Kennel Club on January 26, 2011.
  • Estrela Mountain Dog is a breed of dog that has been used to guard herds and homesteads in the Estrela Mountains of Portugal
  • Gaddi Kutta is a Mastiff-type dog found in northern India, the Himalayas region (Himachal Pradesh). They are also called the Indian Panther Hound, as well as Mahidant Mastiff. It is a multipurpose hunting dog, flock guardian and herding dog, and is reputed to be strong enough to repulse attacks by snow leopards.
  • Georgian Shepherd Large and powerful Guard dog, ancient working dog.
  • Great Cambrian Shepherd Dog (Bugailgi Mawr Cymreig), a designer dog — combined Stock Guard/Herding breed developed in Cymru/Wales, ancestry; Pyrenean Mountain Dog and Welsh Sheepdog (Ci Defaid Cymreig).
  • Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund or Grand Bouvier Suisse is a dog breed which was developed in the Swiss Alps
  • Great Pyrenees or Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a large breed of dog, used as a livestock guardian dog
  • Greek Shepherd a/k/a Hellenikos Poimenikos or Greek Sheepdog
  • Himalayan Sheepdog or Bhote kukur, a rare breed from Nepal.
  • Hovawart, included per F.C.I.
  • Karakachan Dog
  • Karst Shepherd
  • Kuchi (dog) originating in Afghanistan, some of which are said to be in a "Mountain" form
  • Kumaon Mastiff or Indian Sindh Mastiff is an endangered breed
  • Kuvasz
  • Leonberger, a cross between a Barry Dog, a Landseer Newfoundland and a Great Pyrenees. Flock guard, carting and water rescue dogs, that generally do not drool despite their large size.
  • Maremma Sheepdog, an Italian flock guard dog
  • Mioritic is a large breed of livestock guardian dog that originated in the Carpathian Mountains of Romania.
  • Moscow Watchdog
  • Moscow Water Dog, an extinct lifesaving dog, which was a biter due to genetic heritage.
  • Newfoundland (dog) and Landseer (treated separately by the F.C.I.)
  • Pyrenean Mastiff
  • Rafeiro do Alentejo
  • Cão de Gado Transmontano
  • Cão de Castro Laboreiro
  • Pyrenean Mastiff
  • Russian tracker extinct dog breed of the Caucasus, precursor to the Golden Retriever
  • Šarplaninac (redirect from Sharr Mountain Dog) Yugoslav Shepherd or Illyrian Shepherd Dog, is an ancient livestock guarding dog breed from the Šar Mountains region in the Balkans.
  • Slovakian Cuvac
  • South Russian Ovcharka, a large, long-haired white sheepdog
  • Spanish Mastiff
  • St. Bernard a very large breed of working dog from the Italian and Swiss Alps, originally bred as a Search and rescue dog.
  • St. John's water dog, a/k/a Lesser Newfoundland, an extinct precursor of the Newfoundland; ancestor of the modern Retrievers: including Flat Coated, Chesapeake Bay, Golden, and Labrador.
  • Tatra Mountain Sheepdog or Polish Tatra Sheepdog
  • Tibetan Mastiff
  • Tornjak (redirect from Bosnian mountain dog) is a mountain sheep dog native to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia
  • References

    Mountain dog Wikipedia