|Preceded by Hamed Karoui|
Name Mohamed Ghannouchi
Succeeded by Beji Caid Essebsi
Education Tunis University
|Spouse(s) Name Private|
|Preceded by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali|
Born 18 August 1941 (age 74) Sousse, French Protectorate of Tunisia (now Tunisian Republic) (1941-08-18)
Other political affiliations Constitutional Democratic Rally (Before 2011)
Role Former Head of Government of Tunisia
Previous offices Acting President of Tunisia (2011–2011), Head of Government of Tunisia (1999–2011)
People also search for Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Beji Caid Essebsi
Succeeded by Fouad Mebazaa (Acting)
Political party Independent politician
Interview with cnn tunisian prime minister mohamed ghannouchi discusses the protests and firing of the interior minister
Mohamed Ghannouchi (Arabic: محمد الغنوشي Muhammad Al-Ghannushi; born 18 August 1941) is a Tunisian politician who was Prime Minister of Tunisia from 1999 to 2011. Regarded as a technocrat, Ghannouchi was a long-standing figure in the Tunisian government under President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
- Interview with cnn tunisian prime minister mohamed ghannouchi discusses the protests and firing of the interior minister
- Interview with mohamed ghannouchi tunisian prime minister feb 4th 2011
- Political career
- WikiLeaks description
- Role following 20102011 Tunisian uprising
- Awards and honors
- Personal life
After Ben Ali's ousting in the 2011 Tunisian Revolution, he remained Prime Minister for six weeks before stepping down.
Interview with mohamed ghannouchi tunisian prime minister feb 4th 2011
Ghannouchi was a member of the Tunisian parliament for the Democratic Constitutional Rally. He was Minister of Finance from 1989 to 1992. From 1992 to 1999, he served as Minister of International Co-operation and Foreign Investment, and from 1999 to 2011 he was the Prime Minister of Tunisia, making him the longest serving prime minister since the proclamation of independence, surpassing his predecessor Hamed Karoui.
After the fall of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali on 14 January 2011 in the wake of the 2010–2011 Tunisian uprising, he was the self-proclaimed acting President of the country for a few hours starting on 14 January 2011, under Article 56 of the Constitution of Tunisia. He remained Prime Minister for six weeks before stepping down.
In a 2006 diplomatic cable from the United States that was leaked by WikiLeaks during the United States diplomatic cables leak, Ghannouchi was described as being generally popular among the population of Tunisia. Ghannouchi was seen as a respected technocrat by US diplomats in early 2010, with a cable stating, "Prime Minister Ghannouchi, the respected, dilligent [sic], pragmatic, and apolitical technocrat, has served in his post since 1999 and with his reappointment appears set to surpass longevity records for senior officials since Tunisia's independence in 1956. Tunis oddsmakers had expected Ghannouchi, reportedly tired after a decade on the job, to move on, but it appears Ben Ali has come to view him as indispensable." Passport, a blog by Foreign Policy, gave a different view of Ghannouchi, saying he "is not necessarily any more popular than Ben Ali, though he's not nearly as tainted by the lurid tales of corruption and excess that so damaged the ruling family. But Tunisians certainly don't respect the prime minister; they call him 'Mr. Oui Oui' because he's always saying yes to Ben Ali".
Role following 2010–2011 Tunisian uprising
On 14 January 2011, before Ben Ali had fled the country during the Tunisian Revolution, Ghannouchi announced that Ben Ali had called for parliamentary elections in six months, dismissed the government, and asked him to form a new government. During the evening, Ghannouchi announced that he was taking temporary control of the country on state television. Ghannouchi promised to begin discussing political and economic reforms the next day. Ghannouchi said he would hold new elections within sixty days, as required by the Tunisian Constitution. On January 15, The Economist reported that some protesters were calling for Ghannouchi to step down. On that same day, it was announced that Congress Speaker Fouad Mebazaa was taking the post of Acting President of Tunisia.
Al Jazeera claimed that some lawyers disagreed with Ghannouchi's claim to power, interpreting the constitution differently, in particular referring to Article 57.
Afterwards he resumed as Prime Minister and formed a new national unity government that included members of opposition parties, civil society representatives, and even a blogger, Slim Amamou, who only a week previous had been imprisoned by the regime of the deposed President.
Ghannouchi resigned his membership of the RCD on 18 January. His resignation was followed by similar action by the other RCD members within the government; but on 27 January, Ghannouchi carried out a major reshuffle of the government to remove all former RCD members other than himself.
After a new wave of protests, Ghannouchi resigned as PM on 27 February 2011.
Awards and honors
Ghannouchi is married and has two children.