Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Mixed Mode CD

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A mixed mode CD is a Compact Disc which contains both data and audio in one session. Typically the first track is a data track while the rest are audio tracks. The most common use for mixed mode CDs is to add CD-quality audio to video games on a CD.

Contents

The term "enhanced CD" is sometimes used to refer to mixed mode CDs, though it is most commonly used to refer to either a more general category of formats that mix audio and data tracks, or to the particular Enhanced Music CD format.

Overview

Mixed mode CDs are implicitly described in the original CD-ROM standard (the Yellow Book, later standardized as ISO/IEC 10149 and ECMA-130), which allows a CD-ROM to contain only data tracks, or data tracks and audio tracks. The CD-ROM standard, however, does not mention the term "mixed mode", nor does it describe any particular order of data and audio tracks on the disc. Since the original CD-ROM standard did not support multiple sessions, mixed mode CDs are created using only one session.

Some CD players from the 1990s have trouble with the mixed mode CD format because the first track, which contains data, might be "played", resulting in screeching which, at worst, might damage speakers. This is caused by the player not recognizing the "data" flag bit for the track that distinguishes it from an audio track; these players were designed for audio CDs only, with no provisions to handle CD-ROMs with data and audio tracks. Newer audio CD players do check for data tracks and (at least) mute the track if it contains data and not audio.

Several newer formats were created to improve the usability of CDs with audio and data tracks in audio CD players; these formats include CD-i, CD-i Ready and the Enhanced Music CD format. In the case of the Enhanced Music CD format (also known as CD Extra/CD Plus), audio tracks are placed in one session before the data tracks, which are stored in a second session. This avoids the problem with the data track for most audio players, since they will only be able to recognize the first session.

Use in video games

Most games released for the Sega Mega Drive/Sega CD and NEC PC Engine CD/TurboGrafx CD were mixed mode CDs. Several games for the PC and the Playstation were mixed mode CDs as well. Games ported from floppy disks or a cartridges to a CD would often replace the music with audio CD tracks. Full-motion video (FMV) games, however, usually embbeded video and audio in CD-ROM data files and tend not to use audio tracks in the game. A short audio track would be included with FMV games anyway so that when these discs were played in a CD player the audio track would utter a warning like "This disc is for use in the Sega CD system only."

Computer applications

  • Pok√©mon Gold and Silver Pre-Order Bonus
  • The New Grolier Electronic Encyclopedia (MS-DOS)
  • Computer games

  • 21-Two One-
  • Addiction Pinball
  • Age of Empires
  • Age of Empires: The Rise of Rome
  • Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings
  • Age of Empires II: The Conquerors
  • Air (visual novel)
  • Alien Nations (a.k.a. Amazons & Aliens)
  • Aliens versus Predator
  • Alone In The Dark (CD Version)
  • Alone In The Dark 2 (CD Version)
  • Alone In The Dark 3 (CD Version)
  • Angst: Rahz's Revenge
  • Archimedean Dynasty
  • Asghan: The Dragon Slayer
  • Batman Forever: The Arcade Game
  • Battle Arena Toshinden
  • Battlezone
  • Battlezone II: Combat Commander
  • Beasts & Bumpkins
  • Bejeweled 2
  • Betrayal at Krondor
  • Bittersweet Fools
  • Bless Close Your Eyes, Open Your Mind
  • Blood
  • Braveheart
  • BreakNeck
  • Brian the Lion
  • Call to Power II
  • Capitalism 2
  • Carmageddon
  • Carmageddon II: Carpocalypse Now
  • Carmageddon TDR2000
  • Centipede (1998 video game)
  • Chasm: The Rift
  • Cherry Petals Fall Like Teardrops
  • The City of Lost Children
  • Civilization II
  • Civilization: Call to Power
  • Comic Party
  • Command & Conquer Red Alert Expansion packs
  • Commandos: Behind Enemy Lines
  • Commandos: Beyond the Call of Duty
  • Conquest Earth: First Encounter
  • Creature Shock
  • Croc: Legend of the Gobbos
  • Dark Colony
  • Dark Colony: The Council Wars
  • Dark Reign 2
  • Dark Sun: Wake of the Ravager
  • Descent
  • Descent II
  • Disney's Tarzan
  • Drakan: Order of the Flame
  • Driver
  • Dungeon Keeper
  • Earthsiege 2
  • Earthworm Jim
  • Earthworm Jim 2
  • Ed Hunter - The Iron Maiden PC Game
  • EXTREME-G 2
  • Extreme Assault
  • Extreme Paintbrawl
  • Fatal Racing
  • Final Fantasy VIII (disc 3)
  • Forsaken
  • Fury3
  • FX Fighter
  • Grand Theft Auto
  • Glover (video game)
  • Gunman Chronicles
  • Half-Life
  • Half-Life: Blue Shift
  • Half-Life: Opposing Force
  • Hansel and Gretel and the Enchanted Castle
  • Heavy Gear II
  • Heavy Gear
  • Hellbender
  • Heretic II
  • Heroes of Might and Magic
  • Heroes of Might and Magic II
  • Hexen
  • Hexen II
  • Hunter Hunted
  • Imperialism
  • The Incredible Machine 3
  • Incoming
  • Incubation: Time Is Running Out
  • Incubation: The Wilderness Missions
  • Interstate '76
  • Kanon
  • Kimi ga Nozomu Eien
  • Kingpin: Life of Crime
  • King's Quest Collector's Edition (disc 2)
  • King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow
  • Kizuato
  • Knights and Merchants: The Shattered Kingdom
  • Lego Rock Raiders (video game)
  • Little Big Adventure (a.k.a. Relentless: Twinsen's Adventure)
  • Little Big Adventure 2 (a.k.a. Twinsen's Odyssey)
  • Lode Runner 2
  • Loom
  • Magic: The Gathering 7th Edition Starter
  • Magical Antique
  • Malice for Quake
  • MechWarrior 2: 31st Century Combat
  • MechWarrior 2: Ghost Bear's Legacy
  • MechWarrior 2: Mercenaries
  • MechWarrior 3
  • MechWarrior 3: Pirate's Moon
  • Moon
  • Mortal Kombat (on the combined MK 1 and 2 CD release)
  • Mortal Kombat 2
  • Mortal Kombat 3
  • Mortal Kombat 4
  • Mortal Kombat Trilogy
  • Moto Racer
  • Moto Racer 2
  • Motorhead (video game)
  • Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven (disc 2)
  • Might and Magic VII: For Blood and Honor (disc 2)
  • Might and Magic VIII: Day of the Destroyer (disc 2)
  • Mirage (disc 2 - Making of Mirage)
  • One: Kagayaku Kisetsu e
  • One Unit: Whole Blood
  • The Operative: No One Lives Forever (disc 2)
  • Oregon Trail II (early revisions)
  • Outcast (disc 2)
  • Outlaws (both discs)
  • Outpost
  • Pax Imperia: Eminent Domain
  • POD - Planet of Death
  • Project I.G.I.: I'm Going In
  • Protostar: War on the Frontier
  • P.Y.S.T.
  • Quake
  • Quake II
  • Quake II Mission Pack No. 1: The Reckoning
  • Quake II Mission Pack No. 2: Ground Zero
  • Quake Mission Pack 1: Scourge of Armagon
  • Quake Mission Pack 2: Dissolution of Eternity
  • Quarantine
  • Railroad Tycoon II
  • Rainbow Six
  • Rainbow Six: Rogue Spear
  • Tom Clancy's ruthless.com
  • Rayman
  • Re-Volt
  • Rebel Moon Rising
  • Recoil (video game)
  • Redneck Rampage
  • Rollcage (video game)
  • Rollcage Stage II
  • Romance of the Three Kingdoms VII
  • Sam & Max Hit the Road
  • Sangokushi Koumeiden
  • Screamer
  • Screamer 2
  • Screamer Rally
  • The Secret of Monkey Island
  • Settlers II, The
  • Settlers III, The (as well as New Missions and Amazons expansions)
  • Shadow Warrior
  • Shattered Steel
  • Shivers II: Harvest of Souls (disc 2)
  • Shizuku
  • Shrak for Quake
  • SimIsle: Missions in the Rainforest
  • Sled Storm
  • Soldier of Fortune
  • Sonic 3D Blast
  • Sonic the Hedgehog CD
  • Sonic R
  • Star Fighter
  • Star Wars Jedi Knight: Dark Forces II
  • Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire (video game)
  • Star Wars: TIE Fighter (Collector's Series Edition only)
  • Star Wars: X-Wing (Collector's Series Edition only)
  • Star Wars: X-Wing vs. TIE Fighter
  • Super Bubsy
  • Super Huey III
  • Take no prisoners
  • Tasogare
  • Tempest 2000
  • Test Drive 4
  • Test Drive 5
  • To Heart
  • Tomb Raider
  • Tomb Raider: Unfinished Business (Expansion)
  • Tomb Raider II
  • Tomb Raider II: Golden Mask (Expansion)
  • Total Annihilation (both discs 1 and 2)
  • Turok: Dinosaur Hunter
  • Turok 2: Seeds of Evil
  • Tsukihime
  • Tye: The Demon Slayer
  • Urban Assault
  • Virtual On
  • The Wanderoos Go Exploring
  • The Wanderoos Go to Town
  • Warcraft: Orcs & Humans (PC/Mac Hybrid discs)
  • Warcraft II: Beyond the Dark Portal
  • Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness
  • Warlords III: Reign of Heroes
  • Warlords III: Dark Lords Rising
  • WaterRace
  • Welcome to Pia Carrot
  • White Album (visual novel)
  • Worms
  • Worms 2
  • Worms United
  • PlayStation games

  • Air Combat
  • Alien Trilogy
  • Alone in the Dark: The New Nightmare
  • Animorphs
  • Battle Arena Toshinden
  • Brave Fencer Musashi
  • Bust-a-Move 2
  • Bust-a-Move '99
  • C-12: Final Resistance
  • Castlevania: Symphony of the Night
  • Colin McRae Rally
  • Cool Boarders 2
  • Cyber Sled
  • Dead or Alive
  • Destruction Derby
  • Destruction Derby Raw
  • Die Hard Trilogy
  • Eliminator
  • Fantastic Four
  • Formula 1 (video game)
  • Forsaken
  • Grand Theft Auto (video game)
  • Hexen
  • Hogs of War
  • Jet Moto
  • Jet Moto 2
  • Jeremy McGrath SuperCross '98
  • Jersey Devil
  • MechWarrior 2: 31st Century Combat
  • MediEvil
  • MediEvil 2
  • MegaMan 8
  • MDK
  • Namco Museum Vol. 1
  • Namco Museum Vol. 2
  • Namco Museum Vol. 3
  • Need for Speed: Porsche Unleashed
  • Ogre Battle: The March of the Black Queen
  • Pac-Man World
  • Pepsiman
  • Rage Racer
  • Rayman
  • Rayman 2: The Great Escape
  • Re-Volt
  • Rhapsody: A Musical Adventure
  • Ridge Racer
  • Ridge Racer Revolution
  • Ridge Racer Turbo
  • Rogue Trip: Vacation 2012
  • Rollcage
  • Rollcage Stage II
  • Silhouette Mirage
  • Streak: Hoverboard Racing
  • Street Fighter Alpha
  • Street Fighter The Movie
  • Tactics Ogre: Let Us Cling Together
  • Tekken
  • Tekken 2
  • Tekken 3
  • Thrill Kill
  • Time Crisis
  • Time Crisis: Project Titan
  • Tomb Raider
  • Tomb Raider II
  • Treasures of the Deep
  • Turbo Prop Racing
  • Twisted Metal
  • Twisted Metal 2
  • Twisted Metal III
  • Twisted Metal 4
  • Vanishing Point
  • V-Rally
  • Vib-Ribbon
  • Vigilante 8
  • Vigilante 8: 2nd Offense
  • Wipeout
  • Wipeout 2097
  • Wipeout 3
  • X-COM: UFO Defense
  • X-Men: Mutant Academy 2
  • Other console games

  • Ecco the Dolphin (Sega CD version)
  • Ecco: The Tides of Time (Sega CD version)
  • Jurassic Park (Sega CD version)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog CD
  • Snatcher (All 16bit CD-based console ports)
  • The Terminator (Sega CD version)
  • References

    Mixed Mode CD Wikipedia


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