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Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Mirsk [mʲirsk] (German: Friedeberg) is a town in Lwówek Śląski County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the seat of the administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Mirsk, close to the Czech border. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.
The town is situated on the upper Kwisa river north of the Jizera Mountains, approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) south-west of Lwówek Śląski, and 118 kilometres (73 mi) west of the regional capital Wrocław. As at 2006, the town has a population of 4,136.
The settlement arose in the 13th century where the medieval trade route from Jelenia Góra to Zittau crossed the border with Upper Lusatia. In the course of the German Ostsiedlung, it received town privileges by the Silesian Duke Henry I of Jawor in 1337. Upon the death of his successor Duke Bolko II the Small in 1368, it passed to the Bohemian Crown and was enfeoffed to the noble House of Schaffgotsch in 1425.
With most of Silesia, Friedeberg was annexed by Prussia in 1742 and incorporated into the Silesia Province. With the implementation of the Oder-Neisse line in 1945 it passed to the Republic of Poland, the native German populace was expelled and replaced with Poles.
German names, 1201-1945: Eulendorf, Fridberg, Friedeberg; Friedeberg am Queis to distinguish it from Brandenburgian Friedeberg (Strzelce Krajeńskie), Friedeberg/Isergebirge from 1934; for a short period after World War II literally translated as Polish: Spokojna Góra meaning "peaceful mountain". The present name adopted in 1947 is derived from Russian: Мир, "peace".
Mirsk is twinned with: Nové Město pod Smrkem, Czech Republic