Dan Mircea Geoană ([ˈmirt͡ʃe̯a ˈd͡ʒe̯o̯anə]; born July 14, 1958 in Bucharest) is a Romanian politician, who served as president of the upper chamber of the Romanian Parliament, the Senate from December 20, 2008 until he was revoked on November 23, 2011. From 21 April 2005 until 21 February 2010 he was the head of the Partidul Social Democrat (PSD, Social Democratic Party), Romania's largest party. He was the candidate of the party for the position of President of Romania in the 2009 presidential election. He was dismissed from PSD on 22 of November 2011 but rejoined the party in late 2012. Now he is the acting president and founder of P.S.RO, the Social Romanian Party founded on April 2015. He is also the president of Aspen Institute Romania, which is an apolitical and non-profit organisation.
From December 28, 2000 to December 28, 2004, Geoană was the Foreign Minister of Romania, as part of the PSD government of Adrian Năstase. After the Romanian legislative elections of 2004, he was replaced by Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu from the Justice and Truth Alliance.
In 2001, Geoană was the chairman of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. In 2004, during the local government elections in Romania, he ran for Mayor of Bucharest, but lost to Traian Băsescu of the Democratic Party.
A career diplomat, from 1996 to 2000 Geoană served as Romania's ambassador to the United States. At the time, he was the youngest ambassador in Romania's diplomatic corps.
Considered a young reformer, Geoană was elected president of the party on April 25, 2005 by delegates at a PSD Party Congress held in Bucharest. His victory represented a surprise defeat for the former President and founder of the PSD Ion Iliescu, who was expected to defeat Geoană handily. Geoană's win was attributed by the media to last minute backroom dealing by party leaders opposed to Iliescu as well as to public gaffes made by Iliescu at the Party Congress, including using the term comrades when referring to his party colleagues.
At the PSD Congress on December 10, 2006, Geoană was re-elected as party President, with his platform, "Social Romania", defeating Sorin Oprescu's.
On 3rd December 2009, candidates in the second round, Traian Basescu and Mircea Geoana met in a televised debate that marked the final confrontation of the campaign. The event was held at the Palace of the Parliament. The debate started with a presentation of arguments that Basescu and Geoana tried in turn to explain why Romanians should vote for his supreme position in the state. Candidate of PSD + PC Alliance said he came up with a project to develop the country and has demonstrated that he can unite the Romanian and keep “a constructive tone and a positive approach." He discussed the three pillars that he sustains: redefining the way that Romania is working, agriculture and developing the working field. Geoana specified that his alliance with the liberals, initialed in Timisoara, is sincere and not based on political interests. He expressed hope that Traian Basescu will not use in the debate means and personal attacks, “like the way in which designed the campaign, which was based on lies and personal attacks on the family." In turn, Traian Basescu said that the presidency is a privilege and a "huge obligation" which marked him every day in the five-year term when he was president of Romania. His speech was focused on supporting the accelerated reform of the state in which the “voice of Romanians must be heard". The head of state proposed “a government of politicians for politicians”. Basescu spoke in his debut of the speech about the social democrats, whom he accused that they do not understand the country's priorities, and acquire political privileges. The candidate supported by the Liberal Democrats recalled the possibility of returning to power former communist government and Ion Iliescu. Traian Basescu promised that it would immediately pass Romanians outcome of the referendum of 22 November to reduce the number of MPs and creating a unicameral parliament, which he never did. The two candidates approaches were strewn often during the three hours of debate with attacks and mutual accusations that they have launched systematically. The President appreciated that the support structure of Mircea Geoana campaign was linked to television of Sorin Ovidiu Vantu, Dan Voiculescu and Dinu Patriciu's public interventions. The two presidential candidates swore with the hand on a Bible provided by Robert Turcescu, the moderator of the debate. While Geoana vowed not promised benefits Patriciu Vantu and Voiculescu, Basescu vowed that he “never punched a child in the plex or in the face".
On 22 November 2011, after refusing to step down as the President of the Senate of Romania following the request of the PSD leadership, he was ousted as member of the party, losing the confidence of his colleagues in the Executive National Council of PSD where his dismissal was voted 50 to 5 while 3 abstained. In the following days he will have to step down as President of the Upper House of the Romanian Parliament as he no longer has the support of a party group in the Senate. The following day he was revoked by the senators in the plenary meeting with 112 votes for, 2 against and 5 abstentions. He remains an independent senator. He was readmitted into the party banks in Autumn 2012, after a reconciliation with the PSD leadership.
He is married to Mihaela Geoană, Former President of the Romanian Red Cross from 2007-2015; They both have a daughter and son together: Maria and Alexandru Ion.