|Jurisdiction Ministry of Defence|
Parent agency President of Egypt
|Headquarters Cairo, Egypt|
|Formed 1952; 65 years ago (1952)|
Agency executive Mohammad El Shahhat, director
The Military Intelligence and Reconnaissance Administration (Egyptian Arabic: إدارة المخابرات الحربية والاستطلاع Idarat El Mukhabarat El Ḥarbiya Wel Istitlaʾ), is the agency of the Egyptian Ministry of Defence responsible for military intelligence. It is one of the three Egyptian intelligence services, along with the General Intelligence Directorate and Homeland Security.
A number of senior army officers have led the agency, including Field Marshal Abdel-Halim Abu Ghazala, a former defence minister, Gen. Omar Suleiman, the former vice president and former head of the General Intelligence Service, and Major General Murad Muwafi President of the General Intelligence Service, who was appointed successor to Solomon in January / December 2011.
Specialties of the agency include reconnaissance to discover enemy movements, collecting information on enemy formations and preparations in wartime and peacetime, and geographical surveys. The agency has also, since the time of Abdul Nasser, conducted an internal mission to detect anti-regime elements within the military.
Historically, the agency suffered two major blows: failing to predict the Israeli attack on Egypt in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, and failing to stop the assassination of President Anwar Sadat by Islamists linked to the military in 1981. According to General Mohammad Sadiq (1917-1991), director of intelligence during the 1967 war, the most important reason for the intelligence failure then was the lack of coordination between GID and military intelligence.