Paludo began racing go karts at the age of 14, and in 2004, moved up to touring car racing in a regional Brazilian series, competing for his family-owned team with his brother Daniel. He competed for several years in regional and national series in Brazil, most successfully in the Porsche GT3 Cup Brasil, where he won back-to-back series championships in 2008 and 2009.
Paludo began his NASCAR career in 2010, competing in the K&N Pro Series East in a car fielded by Hattori Racing Enterprises. He finished fifteenth in the series standings that year, with a best finish of fourth. He also made his debut in the Camping World Truck Series, competing for Germain Racing and Red Horse Racing in four races. He finished ninth in his first race in the series, at Bristol Motor Speedway, widely regarded as a difficult track for rookie drivers.
In 2011, he ran full-time in the Camping World Truck Series for Red Horse Racing, with a best finish of third; he ended the season finishing seventeenth in the points standings and fourth in the series' Rookie-of-the-Year competition.
Following the end of the 2011 season, Paludo left Red Horse Racing to drive for Turner Scott Motorsports in the No. 32 truck with teammates James Buescher and countryman Nelson Piquet, Jr.. Paludo started off the season with a pole in the season-opener at Daytona International Speedway, where he was the first Brazilian to win a pole in one of NASCAR's top-three series, and alongside Piquet Jr., comprised the first all-Brazilian front row in the history of NASCAR. Paludo's best finish of the season (fifth) came in the season finale at Homestead-Miami Speedway, and he ultimately finished 10th in the NCWTS driver point standings, his best points position to date. Additionally, Paludo ran two NASCAR Nationwide Series races in 2012, competing at Road America and Watkins Glen International, in the latter of which he earned his best NNS finish of 13th.
In 2013, Paludo returned to the No. 32 Chevrolet Silverado with Turner Scott Motorsports for another complete NCWTS season. At Talladega Superspeedway in October, Paludo was involved in a spectacular last-lap accident, his truck being flipped in the trioval.
Following the 2013 season, Paludo was released by Turner Scott Motorsports, due to a lack of sponsorship.
Born in Nova Prata in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil, Paludo currently resides in Mooresville, North Carolina. He is married, and has one son, Oliver, with his wife Patricia.
Paludo was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2004 at the age of 21 and has since become an advocate of diabetes awareness and care. In addition to a long-standing relationship with the American Diabetes Association, Paludo announced in 2012 that he would become the next Blue Circle Champion for the International Diabetes Federation, a worldwide alliance of some 200 diabetes associations in more than 160 countries. Paludo is the first representative of the organization from South America.
Paludo and his wife Patricia also learned in 2012 that their son Oliver, at the time only eight months old, was also a type 1 diabetic. In response to the news, Paludo ran a special No. 32 Unite for Diabetes/Duroline paint scheme in the June 2012 NCWTS race at Texas Motor Speedway. The scheme featured the blue circle, which is the international symbol for diabetes, and an image of Paludo and his son on the truck's tonneau cover. In November of that year, Paludo ran a World Diabetes Day paint scheme at both Texas Motor Speedway and Phoenix International Raceway.
(key) (Bold – Pole position awarded by qualifying time. Italics – Pole position earned by points standings or practice time. * – Most laps led.)
* Season still in progress
1 not eligible for series points