Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Meristotheca papulosa

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Domain  Eukaryota
Order  Gigartinales
Genus  Meristotheca
Higher classification  Meristotheca
Division  Rhodophyta
Family  Solieriaceae
Scientific name  Meristotheca papulosa
Rank  Species
Meristotheca papulosa Meristotheca papulosa Montagne JAgardh Algaebase
Similar  Gelidiaceae, Monostroma nitidum, Campylaephora hypnaeoides, Suizenji nori, Gracilaria

Meristotheca papulosa (synonyms: M. japonica and Eucheuma papulosa) is a red alga, popular as a sea vegetable in Taiwan, where it is known as jiguancai (Chinese: 鸡冠菜; pinyin: jīguāncài, literally "cockscomb vegetable"), and in Japan, where it is known as tosaka-nori (Japanese: トサカノリ).


Meristotheca papulosa Meristotheca papulosa Montagne JAgardh Algaebase


Meristotheca papulosa Tosaka Seaweed Tosaka Seaweed Suppliers and Manufacturers at

The plant tissue varies in color from red to peach, the texture is fleshy and cartilaginous, and the shape is flat and leaf-like, with irregular deep forking divisions. The edges often grow many branchlets of uneven lengths. The surfaces of older individuals will grow warty or spiky protuberances. The morphology is variable. Length can reach 10-40 cm, with a branch width of 1-5 cm. The interior of the algal body has multiple axes.

Life cycle

Meristotheca papulosa httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

It has isomorphic alternation of generations (the sporophyte and the gametophyte share a very similar appearance). The tetrasporangia are divided in a ladder shape and scattered across the cortex.

Ecology and distribution

It grows on subtidal rocks 5-20 metres deep, and can be seen at all times of the year.

Meristotheca papulosa Seaweed Research Journal An article of

It is very widely distributed along the coasts of the Indian Ocean from South Africa to Australia, and the western Pacific Ocean from Australia to Japan.

Meristotheca papulosa Marine Red Algae of Kamakura
Meristotheca papulosa


Meristotheca papulosa Wikipedia