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Meraj Muhammad Khan

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Preceded by  Air Marshal Nur Khan
Preceded by  Johar Hassan
Succeeded by  A.Q. Khan
Succeeded by  Rasheed Hassan Khan
Preceded by  Office Established
Name  Meraj Khan
Succeeded by  Dr. Mubashir Hassan

Meraj Muhammad Khan httpsctribunecompk2016071147276MairajMuh

Meraj muhammad khan in mqm seminar quaid i azam and today s pakistan

Meraj Muhammad Khan (Urdu: معراج محمد خان‎; 20 October 1938 – 21 July 2016), was a Pakistani socialist politician and philosopher. He played a key role in founding of Pakistan's three political parties. He was noted as one of the key philosopher and founding personality of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and as a major contributor to the initial Left of Centre/Social Democratic so-called the Basic Programme of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI). He was also founder of Qaumi Mahaz-i-Azadi which he founded after leaving PPP in 1977.


Meraj Muhammad Khan His Excellency Meraj Muhammad Khan Pak Tea House

In addition, he is well known and influential communist figure in the country, and known for his political struggle and advocacy against anti-capitalist convergence and the support of the social democracy.

Meraj Muhammad Khan Veteran politician Meraj Muhammad Khan passes away NewsOne

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Meraj Muhammad Khan Veteran politician Mairaj Muhammad Khan dies at 77 News Pakistan

Meraj Muhammad Khan was born on 20 October 1938 in Farrukhabad, Uttar Pradesh, British Indian Empire to an educated Urdu speaking family of Afridi Pashtun origin. He was the youngest of four sons and his father, Hakeem Molvi Taj Muhammad Khan, was a homoeopath who practised the methods of Greek medicine in Quetta, Balochistan. His elder brother was the famous renown Pakistani journalist Minhaj Barna.

Meraj Muhammad Khan Meraj Muhammad Khan in MQM Seminar QuaidiAzam and Todays

After graduating from local high school in 1956, Khan moved to Karachi where he attended DJ Science College and later pursued his higher education at Karachi University in 1957. He earned a BA in philosophy and humanities in 1960, and an MA in philosophy in 1962.

Communism and PPP activism

Meraj Muhammad Khan Meraj Muhammad Khan passes away Pakistan Dunya News

He came to public prominence in 1960s while studying at Karachi University. During this time, there was a debating competition in which students from all the colleges of Karachi were participating. At this competition, some activists of the Communist Party were sitting in the audience, who asked him to join the Communist Party.

He became an active member of the National Students Federation, eventually becoming NSF's president in 1963. Khan turned the NSF into a militant student political organisation that campaigned for the rights of students. In 1967, he left the NSF after secretly learning of a socialist convention being held in Lahore, Punjab.

He was among those who founded the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and fully endorsed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto for the PPP's chairmanship. Through the PPP, he went into mainstream politics and successfully contested in the 1970 general elections on a PPP platform from the Karachi constituency.

Labour ministry (1971–1973)

In December 1971, Khan was appointed Minister for Manpower and directed the Ministry of Labour (MoL) in Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's government. In 1972, his tenure saw a major labour strike in Karachi; though it was peacefully resolved by Meraj's intervention. It was later reported in newspapers and television that the labour strike was actually a competition between two PPP ministers, Meraj and Law Minister Abdul Hafiz Pirzada for the control of the labour.

Meraj's radical leftist group was in direct competition against Law Minister Pirzada's Pro-Peking group. However, Meraj's denied all accusations on the television.

In 1973, Mairaj fell out with the Bhutto government when Bhutto started to compromise on his so-called Socialist agenda and the regime resorted to repressive measures. As time passee, his differences with Prime Minister Bhutto grew and he left the PPP to reorganise the NSF. However, Miraj fell into political isolation, never to regain his political credibility and popularity.

Commenting on PPP, Meraj later revealed that "the radical (leftist) rhetoric was more than a mask designed to win and retain power." He once said: "Ali Bhutto was a great man ... but he could be cruel."

Political activism (1980s-until his death)

After leaving the PPP, he became a prominent democratic activist and leftist leader of the Movement for Restoration of Democracy (MRD) opposing the military government of President General Zia-ul-Haq.

In 1998, he joined the center-left/centrist Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) headed by Imran Khan, but resigned from the party in 2003, citing differences with Khan. He then joined the Mazdoor Kisan Party, which later merged with the Communist Party of Pakistan to form the Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party. He died in Karachi on 21 July 2016.


Meraj Muhammad Khan Wikipedia