Puneet Varma (Editor)


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Kingdom  Plantae
Subfamily  Bambusoideae
Tribe  Bambuseae
Higher classification  Melocanninae
Order  Poales
Family  Poaceae
Supertribe  Bambusodae
Subtribe  Melocanninae
Rank  Genus
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Similar  Melocanna baccifera, Bamboo, Dinochloa, Grasses, Schizostachyum

Melocanna baccifera flowering

Melocanna is a genus of Asian clumping bamboo in the grass family.

The 48-year cycle of M. baccifera in northeastern India is responsible for the phenomenon called "mautam" or "bamboo death", in which large populations of bamboo flower at the same time, this being followed by a plague of rats, which in turn triggers a famine within the human populations.

  1. Melocanna arundina C.E.ParkinsonThailand, Myanmar; naturalized in parts of southern China
  2. Melocanna baccifera (Roxb.) KurzNepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam, Mizoram, Manipur, Bangladesh, Myanmar; sparingly naturalized in parts of West Indies and South America
formerly included

see Bambusa, Cephalostachyum, Gigantochloa, Nastus, Ochlandra, and Schizostachyum


Melocanna Wikipedia