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Meñli I Giray

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Predecessor  Nur Devlet
Role  Great Khan
Successor  Mehmed I
Parents  Haci I Giray
Burial  Bakhchisaray
House  Giray dynasty
Name  Menli Giray

Menli I Giray httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Reign  1468 – 1475 1478 – 1515
Spouse  Nur Sultan Khatun Zayan Sultan Khatun Makhdum Khatun
Issue  Mehmed I Giray Saadet I Giray Sahib I Giray Mubarek Giray Ahmed Giray Mahmud Giray Fetih Giray Burnash Giray Ayesha Begum Nazjan Begum Makhdum Shah Begum Ayse Hafsa Sultan
Died  April 17, 1515, Bakhchysarai, Ukraine
Children  Sahib I Giray, Ayse Hafsa Sultan, Mehmed I Giray, Saadet I Giray, Ayesha Begum
Grandchildren  Suleiman the Magnificent, Hafize Sultan
Similar People  Haci I Giray, Ayse Hafsa Sultan, Beyhan Sultan, Selim I, Bayezid II

The life and death of menli i giray


Meñli I Giray (Crimean Tatar: I Meñli Geray, ۱منكلى كراى‎) (1445–1515), also spelled as Mengli I Giray, was a khan of the Crimean Khanate (1466, 1469–1475, 1478–1515) and the sixth son of Hacı I Giray.

Contents

Biography

Meñli ascended the throne in 1466 for some months, but was then deposed by his brother Nur Devlet. He was restored to the throne in January 1469, but lost power again in March 1475 as a result of a rebellion of the rival brothers and nobility.

Meñli I Giray httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons88

In 1475, he was captured by the Ottomans in Feodosiya and delivered to Constantinople. After being forced to recognize Ottoman suzerainty over the Crimean Khanate, he was returned to the throne of Crimea in 1478. He made a great contribution to the development of Crimean Tatar statehood. He founded the fortress of Özü.

In 1502, Meñli defeated the last khan of the Golden Horde and took control over its capital Saray. He proclaimed himself Khagan (Emperor), claiming legitimacy as the successor of the Golden Horde's authority over the Tatar khaganates in the Caspian-Volga region.

Meñli was buried in the Dürbe (or türbe) of Salaçıq in Bakhchysarai. In that city, he commissioned Zıncırlı Medrese (medrese with chains) in Salaçıq (1500), Dürbe in Salaçıq (1501), and "Demir Qapı" (Iron Gate) portal in the Bakhchisaray Palace (by Aloisio the New) (1503).

Family

Meñli was a father of Mehmed I Giray and Sahib I Giray.

Meñli I Giray was once thought to be the maternal grandfather of Suleiman the Magnificent through his putative daughter Ayşe Hafsa Sultan, but this has been disproved.

Meñli's wives were:

  • Zayan (Shayan) Sultan Khatun, daughter of Prince Yadigar, bey of the Sedjeuts;
  • Makhdum Sultan Khatun, daughter of King Inarmaz Mirza, King of Circassia;
  • Nur Sultan Khatun, daughter of Prince Timur ibn Mansur, bey of the Manghits.
  • References

    Meñli I Giray Wikipedia


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