| Gospel of Matthew|
| New Testament|
Chapter 18 of the Gospel of Matthew contains the fourth of the five Discourses of Matthew, also called the Discourse on the Church. It includes the parables of the Lost Sheep and the Unforgiving Servant which also refer to the Kingdom of Heaven. The general theme of the discourse is the anticipation of a future community of followers, and the role of his apostles in leading it.
Verses 15-17 are of particular significance to Baptists in their support of the principle of autonomy of the local church (see Baptist beliefs).
Addressing his apostles in Matthew 18:18, Jesus states: "what things soever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and what things soever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven", see also Binding and loosing. The discourse emphasizes the importance of humility and self-sacrifice as the high virtues within the anticipated community. It teaches that in the Kingdom of God, it is childlike humility that matters, not social prominence and clout.
Matthew 18 Wikipedia
The chapter can be divided into the following subsections:The Little Children (18:1–5)
Jesus warns of offences (18:6-7)
If thy hand offend thee (18:8–9)
Parable of the Lost Sheep (18:10–14)
Binding and loosing (18:15–22)
Parable of the unforgiving servant (18:23–35)
The original text is written in Koine Greek.
Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:
Papyrus 25 (4th century; extant: verses 32-34)
Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
Codex Bezae (c. 400)
Codex Washingtonianus (c. 400)
Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450)
Codex Purpureus Rossanensis (6th century)
Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus (6th century; extant: verses 6-25)
Codex Sinopensis (6th century; extant: verses 4-30)
Papyrus 44 (6th/7th century; extant: verses 15-17, 19)
This chapter is divided into 35 verses.
In Matthew 18:7, Jesus utters "an exclamation of pity at thought of the miseries that come upon mankind through ambitious passions" - woe to the world (Greek: οὐαὶ τῶ κόσμῳ, Ouai tō kosmō).