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Masatoshi Okochi

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Nationality  Japanese
Name  Masatoshi Okochi
Occupation  Businessman
Masatoshi Okochi
Born  December 6, 1878 (1878-12-06) Minato, Tokyo, Japan
Died  August 29, 1952(1952-08-29) (aged 73)

Viscount Masatoshi Okochi (大河内正敏, Okochi Masatoshi) (December 6, 1878 – August 29, 1952) was a physicist and business executive. He was the third director of the RIKEN Institute, a position which he assumed in 1921 and held for 25 years. During this period, he was notable for establishing the RIKEN Konzern, a zaibatsu of companies which focused on utilizing RIKEN's research results to produce commercial products.


Personal life

He was the eldest son of Okochi Masatada, son of Manabe Akikatsu and adopted son of Matsudaira Masatomo. He married a daughter of his uncle Okochi Nobuhisa, another son of Akikatsu but adopted by Matsudaira Nobuaki, with whom he had issue. His granddaughter was actress Momoko Kochi.


Masatoshi was born in Hamamatsucho, Minato, Tokyo as a descendant of the Okochi-Matsudaira clan who ruled over the Otaki Domain. After graduating from an elementary school affiliated with Gakushuin, he received an education at the First High School, and then enrolled in the Tokyo Imperial University.

  • 1903 – After graduating from college, he became a lecturer. His subsequent visits to Europe were privately financed.
  • 1911 – After returning to Japan, he was appointed professor at the Tokyo Imperial University.
  • 1914 – He received a Doctor of Engineering.
  • February 27, 1915 – He was elected as Viscount in the House of Peers.
  • 1918 – He served as parliamentary vice-minister of the Ministry of the Navy of Japan under Hara Takashi.
  • September 30, 1921 – Under the recommendation of the president of the University of Tokyo, Yamakawa Kenjiro, he was elevated to his position as director of RIKEN.
  • 1925 – He resigned his position as professor at the University of Tokyo to devote to his position as director of RIKEN.
  • 1927 – For the purpose of commercializing research results on Kogyo Co, Ltd., RIKEN started production of the first practical use piston ring in Japan.
  • April 1, 1930 – He was ordained into the Japanese honors system, and he was bestowed upon the Order of the Sacred Treasure.
  • July 19, 1930 – He resigned as a member of the House of Peers.
  • April 2, 1934 – He was appointed as the fourth head of Tokyo's physical school (now superseded by the Tokyo University of Science).
  • May 1936 – He was appointed as president of Tokyo's physical school.
  • September 1937 – He resigned as president of Tokyo's physical school.
  • February 10, 1938 – He was elected as Viscount in the House of Peers in a representative election.
  • 1943 – He was appointed as an adviser of Tojo's cabinet.
  • December 6, 1945 – He was charged for War crimes as a Class A war criminal suspect.
  • December 13, 1945 – He was detained in Sugamo Prison.
  • December 25, 1945 – He resigned as principal of Tokyo's physical school.
  • April 1946 – He was released from custody.
  • April 7, 1946 – He resigned as a member of the House of Peers for the last time.
  • October 1946 – He resigned as the director of RIKEN.
  • August 6, 1951 – His exile from office has been solved.
  • August 29, 1952 – He died from a cerebral infarction at the age of 73. Before his death, he was bestowed upon the Order of the Rising Sun.
  • References

    Masatoshi Okochi Wikipedia

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