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Mary Foy

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Name  Mary Foy

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Mary Emily Foy (July 13, 1862 - February 21, 1962) was the first woman head librarian of the Los Angeles Public Library, appointed to the job in 1880 at the age of 18. She had graduated the year before from Los Angeles High School. She served for only four years but left a legacy for Los Angeles librarians to remember. She died February 21, 1962, at the age of 99.


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Women played a subsidiary role in Los Angeles Public Library affairs for many years. On the library's founding in 1872, women were excluded from even using it.

John C. Littlefield, the editor of the Los Angeles Weekly Express, was appointed the city’s first librarian in 1872. He was succeeded in 1879 by an untrained partisan appointee, Patrick Connolly, who, it was suggested, was an alcoholic who missed more than his share of days at work and was discharged by the library board, which then vowed to name a "lady librarian."

At the Los Angeles Public Library

Foy, the 18-year-old daughter of merchant Samuel Foy, asked the Foys' next-door neighbor, Mayor John Toberman, for the job and he advised her to canvass all of the City Council members, which she did. She then spent the summer of 1880 in the San Francisco Bay area, working with librarians in San Francisco and Oakland to learn her trade.

She later wrote that her responsibilities on the job in the library at Main and Temple Streets in Los Angeles included:

According to Sheri D. Irvin, in those days the appointment of women to Los Angeles city positions was often done for semi-charitable reasons such as a woman's need for financial support. When Mayor Toberman left office, a new library board was appointed and another woman appointed in Foy's place. Foy did not, however, leave quietly: She "published a valedictory in the newspaper where she criticized the [outgoing] board for its lack of involvement and interest in the library."

The house where Mary Foy was born on July 13, 1862, and in which she lived is Los Angeles Historical Cultural Monument No. 8.

As an educator and champion of women's rights

Later she taught at Alameda School in Downey and the Eighth Street School in Los Angeles and by 1903 was teaching at Los Angeles High School.

Newspaper columnist John Adams, writing in the Downey Eagle, said that Foy was a "strong-willed woman" who "campaigned for Woodrow Wilson during his national political career and fought for decades for the California Progressive Movement and Women’s Rights". She was listed in the 1913 yearbook of Los Angeles High School as a "prominent club woman and suffragist".

She was honored with the establishment of the Mary Foy California Room in the new public library building at Fifth and Olive Streets, though that room was not part of the redesign of the library building when it was reconstructed after two serious fires in 1986.


Mary Foy Wikipedia