|Doctoral students Anthony Watts||Name Martin Bott|
|Born Martin Harold Phillips Bott
12 July 1926 (age 89) (1926-07-12) |
Institutions University of Durham Columbia University
Alma mater University of Cambridge (MA, PhD)
Thesis Part I. The deep structure of Northumberland and Co. Durham. Part II. A geophysical study of the granites in relation to crystal structure (1954)
Notable awards FRS (1976) Wollaston Medal (1992)
Martin Harold Phillips Bott FRS (born 12 July 1926) is an English geologist and now Emeritus Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Durham, England.
Bott was educated at Clayesmore School in Dorset and Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he was awarded a Master of Arts degree and PhD.
Bott worked throughout his academic career at the University of Durham. In 1954 he started as Turner & Newall Research Fellow. In 1956 he received an appointment as Lecturer in Geophysics, was promoted to Reader in Geophysics in 1963 and in 1966 appointed Professor of Geophysics. This place he held until his retirement in 1988, interrupted only in 1970 by a year abroad at the Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University.
Bott dealt first with the interpretation of magnetic and gravimetric anomalies in England, including Devon and Cornwall and in the eastern Alps. In the late 1950s he began studies on the mechanism of geological disturbances, and published work on various problems in relation to the structure of the crust.
In the 1960s Bott published papers on the use of digital computation methods for solving geophysical problems and further work on the structure of the crust, regional geophysical studies in England and Ireland. In the early 1970s he published his textbook The Interior of the Earth, in which he summarised the current knowledge about the structure of the earth. In addition to theoretical work on the interpretation of magnetic and gravimetric anomalies that appeared over the next few years, he published other geophysical papers on regions such as the Faroe Islands, South Greenland and the Lesser Antilles. Even after his retirement, he remained true to his research and published numerous scientific papers and books.
Awards and honours
Bott was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1976 and was the 1992 recipient of the Wollaston Medal from the Geological Society of America. His nomination for the Royal Society reads:
Bott is a Vice-President of Christians in Science.