Maria A. Pallante (born February 5, 1964) is the president and chief executive officer of the Association of American Publishers, a publishing industry trade association. Pallante is an American attorney who previously served as the 12th United States Register of Copyrights. She was appointed Acting Register effective January 1, 2011, succeeding Marybeth Peters, who retired effective December 31, 2010. On June 1, 2011, she was appointed to the position which was intended to be permanent.
Prior to her appointment, Pallante had served in the Copyright Office as Associate Register for Policy and International Affairs (2008–2010); Deputy General Counsel (2007–2008); and Policy Advisor (1996–1997).
Pallante had been a resident of Westville, New Jersey.
Aside from working for the Copyright Office, Pallante had been intellectual property counsel for the Guggenheim Museums (1999-2007), Executive Director of the National Writers Union (1993-1995), and Assistant Director of the Authors Guild (1991-1993).
Shortly after becoming the Register of Copyrights, Pallante proposed an ambitious plan to reinvent and update copyright law and move the Copyright Office into the 21st century. In her paper, titled The Next Great Copyright Act she states in part "it is difficult to see how a twenty-first century copyright law could function well without a twenty-first century agency”. In a letter to congressman John Conyers Jr. she said that the copyright office should no longer be part of the library, citing several concerns including “mounting operational tensions."
On October 21, 2016, Pallante was abruptly removed from her position. Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden said she had been appointed senior advisor for digital strategy, an appointment made without Pallante's prior knowledge. Rather than accept the position, Pallante submitted her resignation on October 24, 2016. Karyn Temple Claggett became acting register of copyrights. Pallante was criticized by public interest groups for having supported controversial legislation such as the Stop Online Piracy Act, having objected to a proposal by the FCC to enable an open platform for television set-top boxes, based on consultation with the content industry, and the Office having spent $12 million over five years on a failed attempt to implement a new computer system at the Copyright Office.