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Maria Luisa of Parma

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House of Bourbon-Parma

Maria of

Roman Catholicism

Maria Luisa of Parma ca 1765 Maria Luisa of Parma Princesa de Asturias by

14 December 1788 – 19 March 1808

9 December 1751Parma, Italy (

Carlota Joaquina, Queen of PortugalInfanta Maria AmaliaMaria Luisa, Queen of EtruriaFerdinand VIICarlos, Count of MolinaMaria Isabel, Queen of the Two SiciliesInfante Francisco de Paula

Princess Louise Elisabeth of France

January 2, 1819, Palazzo Barberini, Rome, Italy

Charles IV of Spain (m. 1765–1819)

Ferdinand VII of Spain

Philip, Duke of Parma, Louise Elisabeth of France

Similar People
Charles IV of Spain, Ferdinand VII of Spain, Manuel Godoy, Maria Luisa of Spain - Du, Maria Isabella of Spain

Portrait of Queen Maria Luisa of Parma. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes

Maria Luisa of Parma (9 December 1751 – 2 January 1819) was Queen consort of Spain from 1788 to 1808 by marriage to King Charles IV of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma, the fourth son of Philip V of Spain and Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France, the eldest daughter of King Louis XV.


Maria Luisa of Parma 12193441002841jpg

Early life

Maria Luisa of Parma Mara Luisa de Parma 1800 Pera Mzesi Blog

Born in Parma, she was christened Luisa María Teresa Ana, after her maternal grandparents and her mother's favourite sister, Anne Henriette of France, but is known to history by the short Spanish form of this name: María Luisa. Her parents had been the Duke and Duchess of Parma since 1749, when the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) awarded the duchy to the Bourbon.

Maria Luisa of Parma Laurent Pcheux Maria Luisa of Parma 17511819 Later

She, her brother Ferdinand, and her sister Isabella were educated in Parma by Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, a well-known French philosopher. Maria Luisa, was not considered as beautiful as her elder sister, but was still attractive, though she was quite short.


Maria Luisa of Parma Coleccin online y Banco de imgenes Museo de Bellas

María Luisa's mother tried to engage her to Louis, Duke of Burgundy, heir to the French throne. However, the young duke died in 1761. In 1762, Maria Luisa instead became engaged to her cousin Charles, Prince of Asturias, later King Charles IV of Spain. The wedding took place on 4 September 1765 in La Granja Palace.

Maria Luisa of Parma Retrato de Mara Luisa de Parma Princesa de Asturias sold

Her husband was the son and heir of the widowed Charles III of Spain, previously Duke of Parma and King of Naples and Sicily. This formally gave her the position of princess of Asturias, or crown princess. However, as there was no queen in Spain at that time, María Luisa became the first lady in precedence at the court from the beginning of her residence there.


In 1788, her spouse succeeded his father as Charles IV of Spain, making Maria Luisa queen. On the first meeting between Charles IV and his ministers, Maria Luisa was present, a step which attracted attention and which became the rule during the reign of her spouse.

María Luisa was reputed to have had many love affairs. The most famous of them being was with the prime minister Manuel de Godoy, whom contemporary gossip singled out in particular as a long-time lover. However, there is no direct evidence that she had any lovers. The Queen's confessor Fray Juan Almaraz wrote in his last will that she admitted in articulo mortis that "none, none of her sons and daughters, none was of the legitimate marriage". The veracity of that testimony, however, remains disputed.

She was unpopular during her husband's reign, her poor historical reputation being attributed to her support of pro-French political policies that were not deemed beneficial for Spain in the long term.

Later life

In 1808, Charles IV abdicated the throne due to pressure from Napoleon I. Maria Luisa followed him en exile in France and Italy. When Napoleon's army invaded the country, several pamphlets blamed her for the abdication. María Luisa spent some years in France and then in Rome. Both María Luisa and her husband died in Italy in early 1819.


In 1792, the Order of Queen Maria Luisa for women was founded on her suggestion.


Maria Luisa married her first cousin Charles IV, in 1765. The couple had fourteen children, six of whom survived into adulthood:

In addition, Maria Luisa had ten other pregnancies who ended in miscarriages:

  • A miscarriage of a daughter in the 4th month of pregnancy (19 December 1775).
  • A miscarriage of a daughter in the 6th month of pregnancy (16 August 1776).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (22 January 1778).
  • A miscarriage of a son in the 4th and a half month of pregnancy (17 January 1781).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (4 December 1789).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (30 January 1790).
  • A miscarriage in the 1st month of pregnancy (30 March 1790).
  • A miscarriage of a son in the 5th and a half month of pregnancy (11 January 1793).
  • A miscarriage of a son in the 4th and a half month of pregnancy (20 March 1796).
  • A miscarriage in 1799.
  • References

    Maria Luisa of Parma Wikipedia

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