Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Marconi National Historic Sites of Canada

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Designated  1939
Phone  +1 902-295-2069
Province  Nova Scotia
Marconi National Historic Sites of Canada
Location  In and near Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada
Type  National Historic Site of Canada
Website  www.pc.gc.ca/eng/lhn-nhs/ns/marconi/natcul.aspx
Official name  Marconi National Historic Site of Canada
Official name  Marconi Wireless Station National Historic Site of Canada
Address  15 Timmerman St, Glace Bay, NS B1A 5M7, Canada
Similar  Glace Bay Heritage Museum, Centre 200, Fortress of Louisbourg, Alexander Graham Bell Natio, Cossit House Museum

The Marconi National Historic Site and the Marconi Wireless Station National Historic Site are two National Historic Sites of Canada located on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. Both sites commemorate the efforts of Guglielmo Marconi to transmit transatlantic radio signals between North America and Europe in the first decade of the 20th century. The two sites are located within approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) of one another, and are connected by the Marconi Trail.

Contents

Signal Hill in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador is another National Historic Site related to Marconi's work in Canada. Signal Hill was designated, in part, to commemorate Marconi's first transmission tests in 1901.

Marconi National Historic Site

The Marconi National Historic Site of Canada, located at Table Head in Glace Bay, is the site of Guglielmo Marconi's first transatlantic wireless station, callsign VAS, and the first wireless message sent from North America to Europe on December 15, 1902. The site features the remnants of Marconi's transmission towers, a modern amateur radio station, plus a museum chronicling Marconi's achievements.

Marconi chose this site for its elevated flat expanse and unobstructed view out over the Atlantic Ocean. Some of the concrete footings for the massive towers can still be seen on the grounds. In 1901, the first west to east wireless message was sent across the Atlantic Ocean to England from this site. A spark gap transmitter with 75 kilowatts of power fed four tall antennas on the 2-hectare (4.9-acre) site overlooking the ocean. In December 1902 Marconi transmitted the first complete messages to Poldhu from stations at Glace Bay, Nova Scotia.

Marconi's facilities were dismantled and moved to a larger site to the southwest in 1905, known today as the Marconi Wireless Station National Historic Site.

The site was designated a National Historic Site in 1939. The site is operated by Parks Canada, and the museum at the Marconi National Historic Site is affiliated with CMA, CHIN, and Virtual Museum of Canada.

Marconi Wireless Station National Historic Site

Communications between Glace Bay and England proved to be unreliable, and only possible after dark, so Marconi had larger stations constructed on both sides of the Atlantic between 1905 and 1907. These stations were at Clifden, Ireland, and a 350-hectare (860-acre) site just south of Glace Bay, near Port Morien. The two stations were at the time the most powerful radio stations in the world.

The Marconi Wireless Station in Cape Breton ceased operations in 1946. The property was bought by Russell Cunningham, a local resident, and it is still owned by his heirs. All that remains of the station today is the foundations of the aerial towers as well as three abandoned buildings in varying degrees of repair. The site was designated a National Historic Site in 1983.

References

Marconi National Historic Sites of Canada Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Centre 200
Fortress of Louisbourg
Glace Bay Heritage Museum
Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L