Malta was laid out in 1816. The village was named after the European island of Malta.
Malta is located at 39°39′2″N 81°51′52″W (39.650509, -81.864421). It is on the west side of the Muskingum River, opposite McConnelsville.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.38 square miles (0.98 km2), of which 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 671 people, 278 households, and 174 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,973.5 inhabitants per square mile (762.0/km2). There were 305 housing units at an average density of 897.1 per square mile (346.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 91.1% White, 4.0% African American, 0.1% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.
There were 278 households of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the village was 36 years. 27.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 24.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 696 people, 283 households, and 198 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,241.1 people per square mile (866.9/km²). There were 318 housing units at an average density of 1,023.9 per square mile (396.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 90.80% White, 5.75% African American, 0.29% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 2.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.14% of the population.
There were 283 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the village, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $23,611, and the median income for a family was $27,083. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $18,542 for females. The per capita income for the village was $10,703. About 23.3% of families and 25.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.9% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.Rufus R. Dawes - officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War who served in the Iron Brigade at the Battle of Gettysburg
W. Lee O'Daniel - Democratic politician from Texas
Jeremiah McLain Rusk - former Governor of Wisconsin