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Malo (formerly known as St. Bartholomew) is an island in Vanuatu, 3 km (1.9 mi) off the southern coast of Vanuatu's largest island Espiritu Santo in Sanma Province. It has a circumference of 55 km (34 mi) and an area of 180 km2 (69 sq mi).
Malo Island Wikipedia
Like most of Vanuatu, the island is of volcanic origin. The highest point on the island is Malo Peak, at 326 m (1,070 ft) above sea level.
The main products of the island are copra and cocoa grown on plantations.
In 1979, the island had a population of 2,312. The 1999 census found a population of 3,532. By the 2009 census, the total population had grown to 4,273, an increase of 21% since 1999. Avunatari (Abnetare), the main center on the northwest coast, had 600 people in 1999.
There are two main cultural groups on the island of Malo, the cultural group of Auta that inhabits the western part of the island as well as the cultural group of Tinjivo that inhabits the eastern portion of the island. Both these cultural group speak a variant of the Tamambo language. Malo is also the name of the Austronesian language spoken on the island.
The earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation in Vanuatu is from a site on Malo that was settled circa 1400 BC. Artifacts from this early settlement are characteristic of the Lapita culture.