The name Malangwa is derived from Malang baba, an Islamic Saint. In the name of him, fair is organised in the town, very near to the border. The people celebrate the occasion in the month of Chaitra. They offer chadar and pray for their well-being.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 25,102 people residing in 4,433 individual households. People here lives are Madhesi, Newari, Marwadis, Muslims and almost all among the Hinduism.
It is situated in the Terai Region of Sarlahi district and Zone Janakpur. It is Headquarter of Sarlahi district. It is situated 25 km south from Mahendra Highway Nawalpur. There are 6 parliamentary constituencies in Sarlahi. Malangwa is in area 4.North – malangwa VDC 2 kmSouth –Khutauna VDCSouth– Indo-Nepal border (Sonbarsha, Sitamadhi district of Bihar, India)East - Tribhuvan Nagar and Belhi VDCEast – Indo-Nepal border, SonbarshaWest – Motipur VDC
There are various institutions in order to provide quality education.God gift English boarding school, MalangwaPadma Ratna Vidya Mandir College, MalangwaS.T. Gabriel's SchoolModern Science CollegeSaralhi Campus, MalangwaShri Mati Krishna Devi Public Higher Secondary, Malangwa-9Shri Public Higher Secondary School, Malangwa -2Greenland Higher Secondary English Boarding School,MalangwaGyankunj Secondary English Boarding School,MalangwaJaycess Secondary English Boarding School, MalangwaGyanodaya Higher Secondary English Boarding School,MalangwaApex Academy English boarding school, MalangwaToddlers' Secondary English Boarding SchoolSagarmatha English Boarding School, MalangwaHeritage English boarding school, Malangwa.Southpoint English boarding school, MalangwaA-One Education Center, Malangwa.Mahasunar Sunrise Academy English Boarding School, Malangwa-9R R sure success English boarding school, malangwa-5Nirmal academy English boarding school,malangwa-10
Malangwa has its importance because of its border sharing with Sonbarsa, India also. No documents are required to cross the border. Certain restrictions are enforced on many edible and electronics products and they are properly checked before allowing them to cross.
There is a custom office which keeps a check on the vehicles entering Malangwa having Indian vehicle registration number. Certain taxes are imposed by the office on heavy products/items entering Nepal.
To Promote local culture Malangwa has two FM radio station Radio Madhesh - 89.3 MHz and My FM - 107.4 MHz Which are a Community radio Station .
The major daily newspapers are:Madhesh PostLoktantrikSarlahi TimesMy fm
There is only one movie theatre in Malangwa named Rajshree Cinema Hall. Initially there were two, the other being Pushpa Talkies. However it was closed because of unforeseen reasons. People flock down from adjacent villages to watch movies in malangwa. Even people across the border show up in large numbers to watch their favorite movie stars. The theatre shows Nepali, Bollywood as well as Bhojpuri films throughout the year.many people of malangwa have been migrated from village. specially many people of bahuarawa village have migrated at the time when there was fire taken in the village. other village people of sarlahi district came here due to the major facility of health transportation and good facility of communication. therefore malangwa is partially developed city.
Malangwa, being the headquarter of Sarlahi district has been subjected to several attacks and bombings. However cooperation between Police, Army and Armed Police Force have yielded positive effect resulting no sort of attacks in recent years.April 5, 2006
The town was attacked by Maoists on April 6 at 8:00 pm. They fired at soldiers guarding government offices and security posts and attacked a jail, freeing more than 100 inmates — among them some of their comrades — before fleeing. The night-vision equipped helicopter MI-17 ( Russian-built ) with call sign RAN-37 took off from Kathmandu at 10 pm to foil the Maoist attack. Eyewitnesses said the helicopter hovered for an hour, then returned after refuelling in Simra but exploded in mid-air at about 1:30 am killing eight of the 10 soldiers on board. Five police personnel, four Maoist and two civilians were killed during clashes. The figures however vary. Many security persons were even abducted including Chief District Officer (CDO) Bhojraj Adhikari. however they were released later. A high alert was sounded just after the incident along the 800 km of Indo-Nepal border. Across the border( India) a joint team of SSB and CRPF were constituted to keep surveillance on border to thwart any further endeavours.September 13, 2013
At least 10 people including a section officer got injured when a bomb went off in District Survey Office at around 11:45 am. Among the injured, three were said to be in critical condition. The injured victims underwent treatment at the District Hospital, Malangwa. The bomb exploded at the counter of the office, near the main gate. The papers of the survey office burnt because of the blast.
The town shook during an earthquake on 25 April 2015. However, the town did not suffer any damage.
Malangwa had been destroyed during the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake, along with its telephone line to Kathmandu.
From the capital Kathmandu, it takes around 10 hours via first national highway, and 7 hours via Sindhuli road. It takes 20 minutes via flight to Janakpur/ Birganj and around 4 hours from there via Arniko Highway.Road: Malangwa is roughly 204.1 km by road from Kathmandu. It is also well connected to other parts of the country by Bus Services.Intracity: Cycle, rickshaws and taxis serve the city center. Auto rickshaws (Tempos) are available for longer distances outside the center. City Safari Or Electric rickshaws are most used transportation here, which connects all part of Malangwa and is very cheap and suitable.Bishwonath UpadhyayaRajendra Mahato