Supriya Ghosh

Magura National Park

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Area  194.4 km²
Nearest city  Krempna
Established  1995
Magura National Park httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Location  Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland
Governing body  Ministry of the Environment

Beskid niski camera 1 magura national park poland


Magura National Park (Polish: Magurski Park Narodowy) is a National Park located in the south-east of Poland, close to Slovakia, on the boundary of Lesser Poland Voivodeship and Subcarpathian Voivodeship. It covers the main part of the upper basin of the Wisłoka river. When the Park was created in 1995 it covered 199.62 km², although it is now only 194.39 km2 (75.05 sq mi), of which 185.31 km² is forest.

Contents

The Park takes its name from the massif known as Magura Wątkowska, after Wątkowa, its highest peak. Magura is also the name of the second-highest peak of this massif.

Near magura national park in poland okolice magurskiego parku narodowego ii


The landscape

Magurski National Park’s landscape is typical of the Beskid Niski ridge and consists mainly of heavily forested low and medium peaks. Among geological curiosities the most important are the Diabli Kamień ("Devil’s Stone") and the Kornuty reserve. The main part of the park consists of the Magura Wątkowska massif, with its highest peak Wątkowa at 847 metres (2,779 ft) above sea level. Other significant hills are Magura (842 m), Wielka Góra (719 m) and Nad Tysowym (713 m).

The Wisłoka river and its tributaries are some of the most important elements of the park. The Wisłoka is a typical mountain river, which creates picturesque ravines and frequently changes its course.

Flora and fauna

Plant life is of a transitional character and reflects the park’s location - between the Eastern and Western Carpathians. The majority of the Park is forest. Spruce is not frequent here, which means that the woodland is for the most part natural.

Animal life is very rich in the Park - there are 137 species of birds, including several endangered such as the eagle and eagle-owl as well as the stork. There are also 35 engagered mammal species including the brown bear (they roam back and forth between Poland and Slovakia), lynx, wildcat, wolf and otter. One can also find fish, snakes, salamanders and numerous insects. It is estimated that within the Park there are 200 species of endangered animals.

Human settlement

The oldest trace of human settlement in this area are remains of a stronghold at Brzezowa, on the Walik mountain. It was part of the system of strongholds built by the Wislanie tribe in the 9th century on the Southern border of their lands. Also, one can find small, wooden Orthodox churches, which were built by the eastern Slavic Lemkos. Unfortunately, some of these buildings are ruined. In one of the farmers’ huts, at the village of Kolonia Olchowiec, there is a small, private museum of Lemko culture.

There are also numerous cemeteries from World War I, as this area was for a long time a battleground between the Russian and Austro-German armies. A tragic reminder of World War II is the cemetery of 1250 Jews, who were killed by the Nazis in 1942 at the Halbów pass.

The Park has its headquarters in the village of Krempna.

References

Magura National Park Wikipedia


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