The M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Kannada: ಎಂ.ಚಿನ್ನಸ್ವಾಮಿ ಕ್ರೀಡಾಂಗಣ located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, is one of the cricket stadiums of India. Flanked by the picturesque Cubbon Park, Queen's Road, Cubbon and uptown MG Road, this four decade old stadium is situated in the heart of the city of Bengaluru. Formerly known as the Karnataka State Cricket Association (KSCA) stadium, the ground was later rechristened in tribute to Mr. M. Chinnaswamy, who had served the KSCA for four decades and was also president of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) from 1977–1980. This stadium with a seating capacity of around 38,000 not only regularly hosts Test cricket, One Day Internationals (ODI) and other First-class cricket matches, but also other musical and cultural events. The stadium is also the home ground of the Karnataka state cricket team and the Indian Premier League franchise Royal Challengers Bangalore. It is owned by the Government of Karnataka and has been leased out to the KSCA for a period of 99 years. The Chinnaswamy stadium is also the first stadium in India, and probably the world, to use solar panels to generate a bulk of the electricity needed to run the stadium. This has been procured as by the "Go Green" initiative of the KSCA.
With generous patronage from the Government of Karnataka, the foundation stone of this stadium was laid in 1969 and construction work commenced in 1970. The stadium was first used for First-class cricket matches during the 1972–73 season. It earned Test status during the 1974–75 season when the West Indies toured India.
The first Test played at this stadium was on 22–29 November 1974. Incidentally, this was the debut Test match for the West Indian batting giants Viv Richards and Gordon Greenidge. The West Indians led by Clive Lloyd crushed M. A. K. Pataudi's Indian team by a massive margin of 256 runs. India registered their first Test win on this ground against the touring English team led by Tony Greig in 1976–77. The first ODI match at this venue was played on 6 September 1982. India defeated Sri Lanka by six wickets in that match.
Floodlights were first installed at this stadium for the 1996 Wills World Cup. The first match played here under lights was the quarter-final clash between arch-rivals India and Pakistan on 9 March 1996 in which India defeated Pakistan by 39 runs in a thrilling encounter. In 2007, 3rd Test Match between India Vs Pakistan, Sourav Ganguly and Yuvraj Singh lead a 300 run partnership fightback from 61/4 breaking several records. India's 365/5 at stumps was the highest 1st day score in whole of India. The 300 run partnership was the highest partnership at the stadium and the highest left-hander batsmen partnership. Sourav Ganguly's 239 is the highest left-hander score.
After the BCCI chose Bengaluru as the centre for the National Cricket Academy in 2000, many budding cricketers have passed out of the Academy housed on this ground. This stadium also served as venue for the 1996 Miss World pageant. The KSCA planned to increase the seating capacity to 70,000, as well as considered constructing a newer cricket stadium with seating capacity of 70,000-80,000. However, none of those plans have materialised as of now. Chinnaswamy Stadium is also the home ground of the Bengaluru franchise team, the Royal Challengers Bangalore. The stadium was given a facelift for the first season of the IPL. It was painted in red and yellow, the team colours of the Royal Challengers and also the colours of the Karnataka flag.
The cricket pitch at this stadium is seen to be typical – it rarely follows the 'turning track' axiom, which is followed by all other international-level cricket pitches in India. Of late, the Chinnaswamy stadium cricket pitch is said to be bouncy and pacy, which is something unprecedented in the history of Indian cricket. The 2012 season's Ranji Trophy matches, the India-New Zealand Test and the India-Pakistan T20 International matches saw fast bowlers grab significant number of wickets.
In the T20 International played here on 25 December 2012, Pakistan's left arm fast bowler, debutant Mohammad Irfan, arguably the tallest cricketer, troubled the Indian top order batsmen, with his pace and disconcerting bounce. In the same match, Indian fast bowler Bhuvaneshwar Kumar too troubled the Pakistani top order in his debut match, finishing with bowling figures of 3 for 9 in his allotted four overs. Though, India lost the match by five wickets.
This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches for all editions of the World cups, when India was a host/co-host.
Quarter final match
ICC World Cup 2011, 22nd Match, Group B
ICC World Cup 2011, 31st Match, Group A
ICC World Cup 2011, 35th Match, Group A
This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches for all the World cups whenever India has hosted the World cups namely
All records correct as of 10 November 2015.
Highest total: 383–6 – India v Australia 2 November 2013. The second was 347–2 – Australia v India, the third and fourth highest scores were tied at 338 in the India-England match.
Highest Run Chase : 329–7 – Ireland scored 329 (in 49.1 overs) against England's 327 runs from 50 overs, 2 March 2011.
Highest individual score: 209 scored by Rohit Sharma
The most runs were scored by Sachin Tendulkar (534 runs) followed by Virender Sehwag (328 runs) and Michael Clarke (239 runs)
The most wickets were taken by Zaheer Khan (14 wickets) followed by Javagal Srinath (10 wickets) and Venkatesh Prasad & Kapil Dev (8 wickets each)