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Lviv Centre of Institute for Space Research

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Lviv Centre of Institute for Space Research

The Lviv Centre of Institute for Space Research (LC ISR) of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and National Space Agency of Ukraine was formed in 1996 at the basis of Special Design Bureau of Karpenko Institute for Physics and Mechanics of NASU (involved into space research since 1968) as a scientific experimental division of Institute for Space Research of Ukraine. At the same time it became subordinated to both National Academy of Sciences and National Space Agency of Ukraine.

Contents

Structure

At the present about 100 specialists work in the Centre. Among them 1 member of International Academy of Astronautics, 1 Doctors of Sciences, and 9 Candidates of Sciences (PhD).

LC ISR consists of 3 scientific departments and 1 laboratory, and performs fundamental and applied researches in the following interdisciplinary scientific directions:

  • propagation theory and experimental study of electromagnetic fields in conducting media (space plasma, ground, sea water);
  • development of advanced sensors and systems for measuring the parameters of physical fields and data collection and processing for space industry and geophysical applications.
  • Development and production of flux-gate magnetometers (FGM) and induction magnetometers (IM) with highest parameters values possible are of the main LC ISR activity areas.

    Reduction of weight, energy loss and noise level can be placed among main directions of FGM and IM designing, which aims to reach world standards level. The Center with its engineering divisions has made significant contribution into solution of large-scale fundamental and applied scientific problems, including:

  • development of theoretical substantiation of lithosphere-ionosphere coupling through the acoustic and atmospheric gravity waves with the aim to clarify mechanism of ionospheric earthquakes precursors formation;
  • development of the mechanism of earthquakes electromagnetic precursors recognition in focal area and designing specialized instruments for these precursors detection;
  • studying of electronic circuits interaction process with the aim to provide as low as possible sensitivity threshold of measuring devices for space, ground and sea bed applications;
  • development and adoption of new methodology to provide autonomous objects electromagnetic cleanliness, and to realize their calibration without operation process interruption;
  • adoption of space instrumentation development technology for manufacturing advanced geophysical systems, used for scientific research and raw materials prospecting (oil, gas etc.).
  • Significant scientific achievements and development

    More than 10 spatial experiments were carried out with the participation of LC ISR specialists. LC ISR proposed scientific conception of the first national scientific experiment “Variant” (укр. Варіант) on the board of artificial satellite “Sich-1M” with international scientific payload. For the first time in the world practice direct density of space current in plasma measurements were performed.

    A generalized approach to the recognition of the precursory signals of earthquakes preparation process when structural changes and anomalies occur in the Earth crust was proposed.

    A new physical effect – gamma – magnetic normalization of alloys with high magnetic permeability was discovered and experimentally confirmed.

    A general concept and theoretical basis of the construction of a high-sensitive geophysical system for active electromagnetic logging in wells to study anisotropy of rocks and to detect the near-surface inhomogeneities were created with the aim to develop the new methods of minerals exploration.

    The scientific concept and realization plan of the ground-spatial experiments “Ionosphere” and “Potential” were developed. Technical documents substantiating the above experiments were prepared. They were included in the National Space Program of Ukraine for 2013–2015 years.

    The international collaboration

    The advanced geophysical instrumentation produced in LC ISR is generally recognized at world market: more than 25 countries have imported magnetometers, electrometers and magnetotelluric stations. We are open for collaboration with interested institutions in the development of both low noise, wide band and super-low power light-weight FGMs and IMs for different applications. The international collaboration is realized in frames of direct contacts and Agreements of Collaboration. The Center adheres to the highest international standards. Only in 2012 more than 30 contracts were executed with foreign partners, thus testifying the high level of competitiveness of the developed devices and scientific production. This research is supported from national and international sources, including STCU, INTAS, FP7 and NATO grants.

    Membership of Professional Societies

    The LC ISR scientists are cooperating actively with the world community, represent Ukraine in

  • International Academy of Astronautics (IAA);
  • Committee on Space Research (COSPAR);
  • International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA);
  • European Geosciences Union (EGU).
  • Awards, Honours

  • Christiaan Huygens Medal (2009): Valery Korepanov
  • State Prize of Ukraine winner (2008): Valery Korepanov and Fedor Dudkin.
  • Publications

    Selected publications (Publications list):

  • V.Korepanov, Berkman R., New approach to the exact design of low noise search-coil magnetometers, XIV IMEKO World Congress, V. IVA, 1997, Topic 4, pp. 97–102.
  • V.Korepanov, Berkman R., Digital flux-gate magnetometer structural analysis, Meas. Sci. Technol., 10 (1999), pp. 734–737.
  • F.Dudkin, V.Korepanov, G. Lizunov. Experiment VARIANT - first results from Wave Probe instrument. Advances in Space Research. Volume 43, Issue 12, 1904-1909 (2009).
  • Sopruniuk P.M., Klimov S.I., Korepanov V.E., Electric fields in space plasma, Kiev, NAUKOVA DUMKA, 1994, 190 p. (in Russian).
  • В.Е.Koрeпaнoв, А.Н.Свенсон. Высокоточные неполяризующиеся электроды для наземной геофизической разведки. К. Наукова думка. 2007. 96 с. ISBN 978-966-00-0688-1 (in Russian).
  • Current projects

    There are now 8 international space projects in which LC ISR is participating: OBSTANOVKA and CHIBIS-M scheduled for International Space Station and RADIOASTRON (launch in 2010), PHOBOS-GRUNT (launch in 2011), RESONANCE (launch in 2012) – all of them with Russian scientists. Also LC ISR is collaborating with scientists: from India in the preparation of SENSE microsatellite scientific program and payload, Italy (ESPERIA project) and China (CSES microsatellite).

    POPDAT

    Problem-Oriented Processing and Database Creation for Ionosphere Exploration. (started on June 1, 2011)

    Variant

    The major goal of the VARIANT project onboard SICH-1M satellite is to carry out the study of field-aligned currens as a part of Space Weather program. It includes direct measurements of current density in the ionosphere combined with the measurements of the magnetic and electric field fluctuations that can serve as new elements in the data set of signatures of the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. The secondary goal of VARIANT experiment is the statistical study of minor seismogenic effects in the ionosphere and their comparison with the background noise statistical data set (Presentation).

    International Space Station environment study

    LC ISR is Co-PI of the international experiment OBSTANOVKA-1 on board the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS). The main goal of the experiment is to develop the methodology and instrumentation for EM phenomena investigation in the ISS environment. To fulfil this goal the automatic mini-buoys and necessary operation procedures are under development.

    Electromagnetic investigations at Ukrainian Antarctic Station “Akademik vernadsky”

    Three-component flux-gate magnetometer LEMI-008 was installed in the Vernadsky Research Base "Akademik Vernadsky" is a Ukrainian Antarctic Station at Marina Point on Galindez Island in the Argentine Islands, Antarctica. In January 2001, the equipment for satellite transmission of magnetometer, which provides the communication via geostationary satellite GOES-E, was installed. On March 11, 2001, the permanent transmission of the LEMI-008 magnetometer data has started. The data are being cumulated on FTP-server after processing in the Canadian information center. Early in 2002 new high-sensitivity system for magnetic field 0.3–300 Hz variations based on LEMI-112A sensors has been installed. It expands the range of on-site EMF studies and sets Ukrainian Antarctic Station as one of the world's best equipped. LC ISR is responsible for the operation of electromagnetic polygon there.

    Earthquakes monitoring

    Remote sensing as a tool of seismic hazards monitoring. The super project to study the ULF electromagnetic phenomena related to earthquakes. Electromagnetic earthquake precursors monitoring methodology. Methodology of earthquakes preparatory zones location. Active electromagnetic monitoring of earthquakes.

    Other

  • Interball
  • System for magnetometer calibration
  • Sea bottom magnetic field study
  • Magnetotelluric study
  • Environment
  • Advanced geophysical instrumentation

    The top of the world list of the geophysical instrumentation, used for deep sounding of the Earth’s interior, is occupied by the produced with our FGMs magnetotelluric stations LEMI-417, which are widely used in Ukraine and exported to about 20 countries in the world. Numerous inventions and know-hows promoted this.

  • Flux-gate magnetometers
  • Induction magnetometers
  • Electric field sensors
  • Magnetotelluric station
  • Meteomagnetic station
  • Electroprospecting station
  • System for magnetometer calibration
  • Gas volume correctors
  • Portable subsurface EM sounder
  • Instrumentation for scientific balloons
  • References

    Lviv Centre of Institute for Space Research Wikipedia


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