Samiksha Jaiswal

Luke 15

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Book  Gospel of Luke
Order in the Bible part  3
Bible part  New Testament
Category  Gospel
Luke 15

Luke 15 is the fifteenth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records three parables spoken by Jesus Christ, including the famous "Parable of the Prodigal Son". The book containing this chapter is anonymous but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as Acts.

Contents

Text

  • The original text is written in Koine Greek.
  • Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:
  • Papyrus 75 (written about AD 175-225)
  • Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
  • Codex Sinaiticus (AD 330-360)
  • Codex Bezae (ca. AD 400)
  • Codex Washingtonianus (ca. AD 400)
  • Codex Alexandrinus (ca. AD 400-440)
  • This chapter is divided into 32 verses.
  • Structure

    This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to other parts of the Bible):

  • Luke 15:1-7 = Parable of the Lost Sheep (see also Matthew 18:12-14)
  • Luke 15:8-10 = Parable of the Lost Coin
  • Luke 15:11-32 = Parable of the Prodigal Son
  • Parable of the Lost Sheep

    This parable appears in two of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament, as well as in the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas. According to the Gospels, a shepherd leaves his flock of ninety-nine sheep in order to find the one sheep who is lost. It is the first member of a trilogy about redemption that Jesus tells after the Pharisees and religious leaders accuse him of welcoming and eating with "sinners." The two parables that follow (in Luke's Gospel) are those of the Lost Coin and the Prodigal Son.

    Parable of the Lost Coin

    This parable appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament, namely the Gospel of Luke. It recounts a story about a woman with ten silver coins (Greek drachmae) losing one. She then lights an oil lamp and sweeps her house until she finds it, rejoicing when she does. It is a member of a trilogy on redemption that Jesus tells after the Pharisees and religious leaders accuse him of welcoming and eating with "sinners."

    Parable of the Prodigal Son

    The Prodigal Son, also known as Two Sons, Lost Son, The Running Father and The Loving Father is one of the parables of Jesus that appears in only one of the Canonical gospels of the New Testament, namely the Gospel of Luke. It recounts about a father who gives the younger of his two sons his inheritance before he dies. The younger son, after wasting his fortune (the word 'prodigal' means 'wastefully extravagant'), goes hungry during a famine. He then repents and returns home with the intention of begging to be employed and renouncing his kinship to his father. Regardless, the father immediately welcomes him back as his son and holds a feast to celebrate his return. The older son refuses to participate, stating that in all the time the son has worked for the father, he did not even give him a goat to celebrate with his friends. His father reminds the older son that everything the father has is the older son's, but that they should still celebrate the return of the younger son as he has come back to them. It is the third and final part of a cycle on redemption, following the Parable of the Lost Sheep and the Parable of the Lost Coin.

    In Western Catholic tradition, this parable is usually read on the fourth Sunday of Lent (in Year C), while in the Eastern Orthodox Church it is read on the Sunday of the Prodigal Son.

    References

    Luke 15 Wikipedia


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