Lucrezia Reichlin, FBA (born 14 August 1954 in Rome) is an Italian economist.
Born in 1954, she is the daughter of Alfredo Reichlin, former deputy of the PCI and PDS, and of Luciana Castellina, founder of Il manifesto and also deputy; her brother Pietro Reichlin is a well-known economist.
After completing high school at the Liceo Tasso in Rome, she graduated in economics at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia in 1980, and then got a Ph.D. at New York University in 1986.
Since 1994 she is professor of economics at the Université libre de Bruxelles.
From 2005 to 2008, she was Director General of Research at the European Central Bank in Frankfurt, during Jean-Claude Trichet's presidency, one of 12 Directors General of the ECB.
Since 2008 she has been professor of economics at London Business School.
She serves on the Board of Directors of UniCredit and Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the group and the Italian Messaggerie spa.
In 2013, Reichlin was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA), the UK's national academy for the humanities and the social sciences. In 2016, she received the Birgit Grodal Award.