Lublin Airport (Port Lotniczy Lublin) (IATA: LUZ, ICAO: EPLB) is an airport in Poland serving Lublin and the surrounding region. The site is located about 10 km (6.2 miles) east of central Lublin, adjacent to the town of Świdnik. The airport has a 2520 × (45 + 2 × 7.5) m runway, and the terminal facilities are capable of handling 4 Boeing 737-800 class aircraft simultaneously. Construction began in the fall of 2010 and the official opening took place on December 17, 2012. The new airport replaced the grass airstrip (1200 × 50 m) which served the PZL-Świdnik helicopter factory and was known as Świdnik Airport with the ICAO identifier EPSW.
The construction of the Świdnik airfield began in 1935 and it was officially opened on June 4, 1939. It was to serve as a training centre with a pilot school, and was built by the Airborne and Antigas Defence League, a mass organisation propagating aviation among the general public. During World War II, it was used by the Luftwaffe after Poland was occupied in September 1939, and then by the Soviet Air Force once Lublin was captured by the Red Army in July, 1944. The Germans destroyed the airfield's buildings before withdrawing.
The airport opened for passenger traffic on 30 November 1945. A domestic service was opened with flight number 1/2 that flew the route Warsaw – Łódź – Kraków – Rzeszów – Lublin – Warsaw. There is little literature on the early domestic services from Lublin airport. The route was later discontinued and Lublin lost all domestic services. In 1949, the Polish government made a decision to build an aviation factory in Świdnik, located next to the airfield. It assembled its first helicopters in 1956, with full-scale production beginning in 1957.
The factory employed some staff from the pre-war Lubelska Wytwórnia Samolotów, an airplane manufacturer in Lublin that functioned from 1936 to 1939, being itself the successor of Plage i Laśkiewicz factory which functioned between 1920 and 1935. That factory had its own airfield within the Lublin city limits, but it was closed and built over after the war. One of the streets running through the area where the airfield used to be is named Lotnicza (Aviation Street).
The need for an air terminus in Lublin, the 9th biggest city in Poland, has been felt for the better half of 20th century. In 2008, the project received €84.1 million financing backing from the European Union. Subsequently, the airport design competition was won by a Polish-Spanish consortium of SENER Ingeniería y Sistemas (engineering & master plan) and Warsaw-based architectural firm ARÉ (architecture). The architectural design was well received by the design community; however the fit and finish of the completed terminal building fell short of the winning proposal. The contract to build the runway was signed in August, 2011, with completion in late 2012. Operations commenced on December 17, 2012 with a Category I instrument landing system.
A Reuters special report in December 2014 highlighted Lublin Airport (along with Łódź and Rzeszów airports) as a target of inefficient EU subsidies with disappointing passenger numbers.
In July 2016, Lufthansa announced to terminate its route from Frankfurt Airport to Lublin due to low demand by 29 October 2016 after only two years of service.
Lublin Airport is accessible by rail, with a train station inside the airport terminal. The connection to Lublin's main railway station is provided by modern EMU (Electric Multiple Unit), EN57AL series 3000. The journey takes approximately 15 minutes from Lublin Central Station. Ticket costs 5,3 PLN (~€1,3).
There is a dedicated bus service to the airport, with a flexible schedule, which starts its run to the airport 2 hours before each flight departure, and leaves the airport 25 minutes after flight arrival.
The airport is located close to Expressway S17.