In 1954 the State of Texas approved the operation of a private educational institution for students from kindergarten through college. An elementary school was established that year, and a junior college was added in 1957. F. W. Mattox was the founding president. LCU received accreditation as a senior college in 1972. Advancement to university status came in the fall of 1987. Presidents who have led Lubbock Christian University are F. W. Mattox (1957-1974), W. Joe Hacker (1974-1976), Harvie Pruitt (1976-1982), Steven S. Lemley (1982-1993), L. Ken Jones (1993-2012), and L. Timothy Perrin, whose investiture was September 27, 2012.
The Katie Rogers Hall is a women's residence for 250 students. It was built in the 1960s and underwent major renovation in 1999. The Katie Rogers Courtyard houses forty-eight upperclass women with private bedrooms and semi-private bathrooms.
Johnson Hall is the men's residence and can house nearly two hundred men. The Mabee Living Center has capacity to house 48 upperclassmen. Residents have private bedrooms and semi-private bathroom. The university also offers university apartments for upperclassmen, married students with no children, and graduate students. Apartments are located on the west and east sides of campus.
The Mabee Student Union Building (or SUB) has a post office, student affairs office, student government office, the campus bookstore, and a snack bar.
Built in 1961, the Betty Hancock Campus Center once served as the university's cafeteria. A newer, more contemporary cafeteria, known as "the Caf," has since been added. A parlor is also available for receptions.
The McDonald Moody auditorium has a seating capacity of 1166 and serves as the venue for daily chapel assemblies. The Allison Music center is adjacent to the Moody auditorium. The center has rehearsal halls for bands and choruses, 12 practice rooms, and also houses the music professors' offices.
The Rhodes-Perrin Recreation Center (previously known as "Field House") serves as the student recreation center and houses the Ramona Perrin Fitness Center. The building has a volleyball, basketball, futsal and badminton courts, along with a 60-foot free standing rock wall, renovated locker rooms, group fitness studio. The department of Exercise and Sport Sciences has its offices there.
The Mabee American Heritage Center houses the department of history, political science, and English, the Cardwell Lecture Hall, and administrative offices. Other administrative offices are housed in F. W. Mattox Administrative Building. Built in 1958, the Mattox Administrative building was the first permanent brick structure on campus. The 2nd floor of the building contains the offices of the department of Business.
The Mabee Science Laboratory, built in 1970, houses the department of Natural and Physical Sciences. The building also contains laboratories and equipment rooms.
The Associate Behavioral Science Building was built in 1967 and houses the Department of Behavioral Sciences which include psychology, sociology, and social work. The building also houses the counseling center.
The department of Natural Sciences is located in the Cook Agricultural Environmental Building.
The Maddox-Pugh Educational Center houses the department of Education, a computer lab, several classrooms, and the West Texas Core Knowledge Center.
The Art Building contains classrooms for painting, drawing, and design. The archaeology center is also housed there.
The C.L. Kay Christian Development Center houses the Bible department It was built in 1974.
The Center for Academic Achievement was completed in 2007 and houses the Communications, Fine Arts and Mathematics departments. The Center for Student Success is also located in this facility.
The Mabee Nursing Center opened in 1994. It has a lab for the nursing programs and multipurpose classrooms for the nursing students.
The Rip Griffin Center (aka "The Rip") houses the university's intercollegiate athletic teams. It can seat up to 1,925 with an additional 565 when floor seating is utilized.
Newly constructed on the north end of campus is the Cardwell Welcome Center. Completed in 2010, the Welcome Center will qualify for a Silver to Platinum Certification from the U.S. Green Building Council under its LEED, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System.
In November 2010, Lubbock Christian University began offering graduate online graduate degrees via onlineprograms.lcu.edu.
Although the university not host to affiliates of national fraternities and sororities, nonetheless Lubbock Christian University has gender-based "Social Clubs". The women's social clubs are Christliche Damen, Kappa Phi Kappa, Lambda Omega Alpha, and Zeta Gamma. The men's social club is Kyodai. There is also one fraternity on campus, "Sub T-16".
The fraternity Sub T-16 has chapters at other churches of Christ-affiliated schools such as Abilene Christian University and Harding University. Sub T-16 fraternity was founded on the campus by F. W. Mattox, who also served as the first president of Lubbock Christian. The university is also affiliated with several professional organizations including Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), Students in Free Enterprise, and the Student Education Association.
The university's online newspaper is the DusterToday.
LCU also has an a cappella ensemble called Best Friends. They tour across the country and record studio albums. Several of their alumni have gone on to work for The Acappella Company, an established member of the a cappella community.
Lubbock Christian University teams, nicknamed athletically as the Chaparrals, are part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division II level, competing in the Heartland Conference. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, golf and soccer; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, golf, soccer, softball and volleyball. On April 4, 2016 the Lady Chaps defeated the Seawolves of the University of Alaska-Anchorage in Indianapolis 78-73 to cap an undefeated season and win the NCAA Division II women's title. The win happened in the first year the Lady Chaps were eligible for NCAA Division II post-season play after more than 30 years of playing in the NAIA.R. Gerald Turner, President of Southern Methodist University
Larry Hays, retired Texas Tech Red Raiders baseball coach
Matt Martin, baseball coach with the Detroit Tigers
The Otwell Twins, singers on The Lawrence Welk Show, Amarillo businessmen
Britt Bonneau, college baseball coach at Abilene Christian
Randy Velarde, Retired Major League Baseball player
Rob Evans, former head men's basketball coach, University of Mississippi, and Arizona State University
Marvin Lee Aday, musician and actor – attended briefly in 1965 then transferred to North Texas State College
L. Timothy Perrin, attorney and current LCU president