| Catholic Church|
February 18, 1981
| Lorenzo Ruiz|
| 18 October 1987, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
rosary in clasped hands, gallows and pit, Barong Tagalog or camisa de chino and black trousers, cross, palm of martyrdom
The Philippines, Filipinos, Overseas Filipino Workers and migrant workers, the poor, separated families, Filipino youth, Chinese-Filipinos, Filipino altar servers, Tagalogs, Archdiocese of Manila.
September 29, 1637, Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan
Pedro Calungsod, Magdalene of Nagasaki, Paulo Miki, Gonsalo Garcia
Lorenzo Ruiz Wikipedia
Saint Lorenzo Ruiz (Filipino: San Lorenzo Ruiz ng Maynila, Spanish: San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Latin: Laurentius Ruiz Manilensis ; ca. 1600 – 28 September 1637) is a Filipino saint venerated in the Roman Catholic Church. A Chinese-Filipino, he became the country's protomartyr after his execution in Japan by the Tokugawa Shogunate during its persecution of Japanese Christians in the 17th century.
Saint Lorenzo is patron saint of, among others, the Philippines and the Filipino people.
Lorenzo Ruiz was born in Binondo, Manila, to a Chinese father and a Filipino mother who were both Catholic. His father taught him Chinese while his mother taught him Tagalog.
Ruiz served as an altar boy at the Binondo Church. After being educated by the Dominican friars for a few years, Ruiz earned the title of escribano (calligrapher) because of his skillful penmanship. He became a member of the Cofradia del Santísimo Rosario (Confraternity of the Most Holy Rosary). He married Rosario, a native, and they had two sons and a daughter. The Ruiz family led a generally peaceful, religious and content life.
In 1636, whilst working as a clerk for the Binondo Church, Ruiz was falsely accused of killing a Spaniard. Ruiz sought asylum on board a ship with three Dominican priests: Saint Antonio Gonzalez, Saint Guillermo Courtet, and Saint Miguel de Aozaraza; a Japanese priest, Saint Vicente Shiwozuka de la Cruz; and a lay leper Saint Lázaro of Kyoto. Ruiz and his companions left for Okinawa on 10 June 1636, with the aid of the Dominican fathers.
The Tokugawa Shogunate was persecuting Christians by the time Ruiz had arrived in Japan. The missionaries were arrested and thrown into prison, and after two years, they were transferred to Nagasaki to face trial by torture. He and his companions faced lots of torture.
On 27 September 1637, Ruiz and his companions were taken to the Nishizaka Hill, where they were tortured by being hung upside down over a pit. This form of torture was known as tsurushi (釣殺し) in Japanese or horca y hoya ("gallows and pit") in Spanish. The method was supposed to be extremely painful: though the victim was bound, one hand was always left free so that victims may signal their desire to recant, leading to their release. Ruiz refused to renounce Christianity and died from blood loss and suffocation. His body was cremated, with the ashes thrown into the sea.
According to Latin missionary accounts sent back to Manila, Ruiz declared these words upon his death:
The Positio Super Introductione Causae or the cause of beatification of Saint Lorenzo Ruiz was written by respected historian, Fr. Fidel Villarroel, O.P. Ruiz was beatified during Pope John Paul II's papal visit to the Philippines. It was the first beatification ceremony to be held outside the Vatican in history. San Lorenzo Ruiz was canonized by the same pope in the Vatican City on 18 October 1987, making him the first Filipino saint.
His canonization was based on a miracle that took place in 1983, when Cecilia Alegria Policarpio, a two-year-old girl suffering from brain atrophy (hydrocephalus), was cured after her family and supporters prayed to Ruiz for his intercession. She was diagnosed with the condition shortly after birth and was treated at Magsaysay Medical Center.San Lorenzo Ruiz,
Barangay San Lorenzo, Makati City
Barangay San Lorenzo, Masinloc, Zambales
Barangay San Lorenzo Ruiz I and II, Dasmariñas City
Minor Basilica of San Lorenzo Ruiz, Binondo, Manila
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish, Bacoor, Cavite
San Lorenzo Ruiz Diocesan Church, Bayugan, Agusan del Sur
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish, Taytay, Rizal
San Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel, Imnajbu, Batanes
San Lorenzo Ruiz Church, Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish, Tandang Sora, Quezon City
San Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel, Laurel, Batangas
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish, Tisa, Cebu City
San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Parish Church, San Jose del Monte, Bulacan
Saint Lorenzo Ruiz Shrine Bangued, Abra
San Lorenzo Ruiz and Companion Martyrs Parish, Kaunlaran Village, Navotas City
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish - Talomo, Davao City
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish - Dagatan, Taysan, Batangas
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish - Masipit, Calapan City [Oriental Mindoro]
Saint Patrick's Church, Oldham. UK Stained glass window
San Lorenzo Ruiz Church, Gusa, Cagayan De Oro, Misamis Occidental, Philippines
Lorenzo Ruiz Academy, Binondo, Manila
Colegio de San Lorenzo, a Catholic college in Quezon City, founded in 1988
Escuela de San Lorenzo Ruiz – Parañaque, Sucat, Parañaque City, founded in 1988
Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila School, Cainta, Rizal, founded in 1990
San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila School, Marikina City, founded in 2003
San Lorenzo Ruiz Montessori, Inc., Bulakan, Bulacan
Colegio San Lorenzo Ruiz de Pilipinas, Paniqui, Tarlac
San Lorenzo School, a non-sectarian school in San Pedro, Laguna
San Lorenzo Ruiz Parochial School, Navotas City
San Lorenzo Ruiz Academy of Polomolok
Colegio de San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Inc, Of Catarman, Northern Samar
Plaza San Lorenzo Ruiz, the present name of the plaza fronting Binondo Church, Manila
San Lorenzo Ruiz Diocesan Academy Inc. - San Bartolome, San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija founded in1989
San Lorenzo Ruiz Hospital - Naic, Cavite (formerly "The First Filipino Saint Hospital)
San Lorenzo Ruiz Women's Hospital - medical clinic located at Malabon, Philippines
St. Lorenzo Ruiz Catholic Church, a Catholic church in Walnut, California, United States of America
Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz in New York City, United States of America, opened in 2005
Saint Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel, Bjørnevatn, Vatsø, Norway
Saint Lorenzo Ruiz Church (Parish), Yomitan, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan
San Lorenzo Ruiz Elementary School, a Catholic school in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
San Lorenzo Ruiz Elementary School, a Catholic school in Markham, Ontario, Canada
San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Community Center in Sugar Land, Texas, United States of America
San Lorenzo Ruiz Hospital, Naic, Cavite, Philippines
San Lorenzo Ruiz Bridge, Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines
Lorenzo Ruiz is included in American painter John Nava's Communion of Saints Tapestries, a depiction of 135 saints and beati which hangs inside the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles, California.
On 28 September 2007, the Catholic Church celebrated the 20th anniversary of Ruiz's canonisation. Then-archbishop of Manila Cardinal Gaudencio Rosales said: "Kahit saan nandoon ang mga Pilipino, ang katapatan sa Diyos ay dala-dala ng Pinoy." ("Wheresoever Filipinos are, the Pinoy brings fidelity to God.")Ang Buhay ni Lorenzo Ruiz, a 1970 Philippine religious biographical film
Lorenzo Ruiz... The Saint... A Filipino!, a 1988 Philippine film
Lorenzo, a musical staged in September 2013, by Green Wings Entertainment, with music by Ryan Cayabyab, book and lyrics by Juan Ekis and Paul Dumol, with the collaboration of Joem Antonio, direction by Nonon Padilla, and production by Christopher de Leon.
Carunungan, Celso Al. To Die a Thousand Deaths: A Novel on the Life and Times of Lorenzo Ruiz, Social Studies Publications, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1980.
Delgado, Antonio C. The Making of The First Filipino Saint, The Ala-Ala Foundation, 1982.