Girish Mahajan (Editor)

London Convention (1884)

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Signed  27 February 1884
Effective  27 February 1884
Language  English
Location  London, United Kingdom
Expiration  31 May 1902
Signatories  H. Robinson (UK), S.J.P. Kruger (SAR), S.J. du Toit (SAR), N.J. Smit (SAR)

The London Convention was a treaty made in 1884 between the United Kingdom, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic. The London Convention superseded the 1881 Pretoria Convention.


Historical background

The treaty governed the relations between the ZAR and the United Kingdom, following the retrocession of the South African Republic in the aftermath of the First Boer War.

Content of the convention

The convention incorporated the bulk of the earlier Pretoria Convention, but with two major differences

Name of the country

It corrected the name of the country, from the Transvaal Territory used in the 1881 Pretoria convention, to the South African Republic at the request of the South African republic Volksraad.


The main, and most important aspect of the London Convention is that British suzerainty over the South African Republic, was relinquished.


London Convention (1884) Wikipedia