Neha Patil (Editor)

Locomotion No. 1

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Power type  Steam
Boiler pressure  50 psi (0.34 MPa)
Build date  1825
Retired  1857
Driver dia.  48 in (1.219 m)
Fuel type  Coke
Configuration  0-4-0
Locomotion No. 1 FileLocomotion No 1 Engineer 1875jpg Wikimedia Commons
Loco weight  6.5 long tons (7.3 short tons; 6.6 t)
Fuel capacity  2,200 lb or 1,000 kg or 1.00 t
Water cap  400 imp gal or 480 US gal or 1,800 L
Builder  Robert Stephenson and Company

George stephenson s locomotion no 1 replica


Locomotion No. 1 (originally named Active) is the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway. Built by George and Robert Stephenson's company Robert Stephenson and Company in 1825.

Contents

Great british locomo collection review issue 41 locomotion no 1 on location last ever issue


Design

Locomotion No. 1 httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Locomotion used all the improvements that George Stephenson had pioneered in the Killingworth locomotives. It used high-pressure steam from a centre-flue boiler, with a steam-blast in the chimney, to drive two vertical cylinders, enclosed within the boiler. A pair of yokes above them transmitted the power downwards, through pairs of connecting rods. It made use of a loose eccentric valve gear, and was the first locomotive to use coupling rods to link its driving wheels together, rather than through a chain or gears. Because of the single flue, it had a poor heating surface compared to later steam locomotives. It had a top speed of 15 mph (24 km/h).

Locomotion No. 1 Locomotion No 139 Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 at Science

This locomotive is historically important as the first to run on a public railway, rather than for the innovations in its design. It hauled the first train on the Stockton and Darlington Railway in north-east England on 27 September 1825.

Locomotion No. 1 Locomotion No 139 Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 at Science

On 1 July 1828, the boiler exploded at Aycliffe Lane station, killing the driver John Cree. With advances in design such as those incorporated into Robert Stephenson's Rocket, Locomotion became obsolete very quickly. It was rebuilt and remained in service until 1841 when it was turned into a stationary engine.

Preservation

In 1857 it was preserved. Locomotion No. 1 was on display in Alfred Kitching's workshop near Hopetown Carriage Works from 1857 to the 1880s. From 1892 to 1975 it was on display along with Derwent on one of the platforms at Darlington's main station, Bank Top. The locomotive is currently on display at the Darlington Railway Centre and Museum, now known as Head of Steam, in the same building as Darlington's North Road station. Locomotion is on long-term loan from the National Railway Museum and is part of the National Collection.

There is a working replica of the locomotive at Beamish Museum which was built in 1975.

References

Locomotion No. 1 Wikipedia


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