Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Lobularia maritima

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Kingdom  Plantae
Genus  Lobularia
Higher classification  Lobularia
Order  Brassicales
Scientific name  Lobularia maritima
Rank  Species
Lobularia maritima Lobularia maritima sweetalyssum Go Botany
Similar  Lobularia, Alisons, Cabbage family, Pansy, Antirrhinum majus

Flower gardens how to grow sweet alyssum lobularia maritima


Lobularia maritima syn. Alyssum maritimum, common name sweet alyssum or sweet alison, also commonly referred to as just alyssum (from the genus Alyssum in which it was formerly classified) is a species of low-growing flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae.

Contents

Sweet alyssum seeds lobularia maritima


Etymology

Lobularia maritima TERRAIN Taranaki Educational Resource Research Analysis

The genus name Lobularia comes from a Greek word meaning "small pod", referring to the shape of the fruits. The name of the species maritima refers to its preferred coastal habitat.

Description

Lobularia maritima Lobularia maritima Wikipedia

It is an annual plant (rarely a short-lived perennial plant) growing to 5–30 cm (2–12 in) tall by 20–30 cm (8–12 in) broad. The stem is very branched, with dense clusters of small flowers. The leaves are 1–4 mm long and 3–5 mm, broad, alternate, sessile, quite hairy, oval to lanceolate, with an entire margin.

Lobularia maritima httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The flowers are about 5 millimetres (0.20 in) in diameter, sweet-smelling, with an aroma similar to that of honey, with four white rounded petals (or pink, rose-red, violet and lilac) and four sepals. The six stamens have yellow anthers. The flowers are produced throughout the growing season, or year-round in areas free of frost. They are pollinated by insects (entomophily). The fruits are numerous elongated seedpods rather hairy, oval to rounded, each containing two seeds. The dispersal of seed is effected by the wind (anemochory)

Distribution

Lobularia maritima FileStarr 0703025064 Lobularia maritimajpg Wikimedia Commons

This plant is native to the Mediterranean region, Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Azores) and in France in the Bay of Biscay. It is widely naturalized elsewhere in the temperate world. There is an endemic subspecies in the local flora of the Columbretes Islands.

Habitat

Lobularia maritima Lobularia maritima Giga White Annual Benary

It is common on sandy beaches and dunes, but can also grow on cultivated fields, walls, slopes and waste ground, preferably on calcareous soil, at an altitude of 0–300 metres (0–984 ft) above sea level.

Cultivation

Lobularia maritima is cultivated in gardens, with many horticultural varieties with purple or pink flowers. The plant is best planted in early spring, but requires little maintenance when growing. Although an annual, it may reseed in temperate climates. It will flower more profusely if spent blooms are trimmed. When grown in gardens, it is typically used as groundcover, as it rarely grows higher than 20 cm (8 in) tall. It is also grown in cracks in paving and walls, and is especially associated with coastal locations. It prefers partial shade, and is resistant to heat and drought. Plants with darker-colored flowers do better in cooler temperatures. Lobularia maritima is exceptional among annual plants as it has unparalleled drought and heat-resistance properties. No wonder that it is now thriving in wide regions and has become naturalized in the United States too. A member of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), this plant fares well in milder climates, and is capable of self sowing.

References

Lobularia maritima Wikipedia


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