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List of monarchs of Persia

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First monarch  Cyrus the Great
Formation  550 BC
Last monarch  Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
List of monarchs of Persia
Abolition  11 February 1979 (Monarchy ended by Iranian Revolution)
Pretender(s)  Reza Pahlavi II (Pahlavi dynasty)

The following is a list of monarchs of Persia, who ruled over the area of modern-day Iran from the establishment of the Achaemenid dynasty by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC until the deposition of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.

Contents

Earlier monarchs in the area of modern-day Iran are listed in:

  • List of rulers of Pre-Achaemenid kingdoms of Iran
  • Minor dynasties and vassal monarchs can be found in:

  • List of rulers of Parthian sub-kingdoms
  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Parthian or Arsacid dynasty (247 BC – AD 228)

    The Seleucid dynasty gradually lost control of Persia. In 253, the Arsacid dynasty established itself in Parthia. The Parthians gradually expanded their control, until by the mid-2nd century BC, the Seleucids had completely lost control of Persia. Control of eastern territories was permanently lost by Antiochus VII in 129 BC. For more comprehensive lists of kings, queens, sub-kings and sub-queens of this Era see:

  • List of rulers of Parthian sub-kingdoms
  • Dabuyid dynasty (642–760)

    beginning of Muslim conquest of Persia

    Rashidun Caliphate (642–661)

    For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Saffarid dynasty (861–1003)

    For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Ghurid dynasty (879–1215)

    For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Buyid Clan and their dynasty (934–1062)

    The Buyid Empire was divided into a number of separate emirates, of which the most important were Fars, Ray, and Iraq. Generally, one of the emirs held a sort of primus inter pares supremacy over the rest, which would be marked by titles like Amir al-umara and Shahanshah. For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Great Seljuqs and their Empire (1029–1194)

    For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Khwarezmid dynasty (1153–1231)

    An empire built from Khwarezm, covering part of Iran and neighbouring Central Asia. For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Mongol Empire and Ilkhanate (1230–1357)

    For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • Rival dynasties (1332–1501)

    For more comprehensive lists of kings and sub-kings of this Era see:

  • Muslim dynasties of Iran
  • References

    List of monarchs of Persia Wikipedia


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