Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

List of mammal genera

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit

There are currently 1258 genera, 156 families, 29 orders, and around 5937 recognized living species of mammal. Mammalian taxonomy is in constant flux as many new species are described and recategorized within their respective genera and families. The taxonomy represented here is a compilation of the most logical and up-to-date information on mammalian taxonomy from many sources, the main ones being the HMW series and the Mammals Species of the World by Wilson and Reeder.

Contents

Afrosoricida

Tenrecs (Tenrecidae, included in the Suborder Tenrecomorpha) and golden moles (Chrysochloridae, included in Suborder Chrysochloridea) are part of the African radiation of mammals known as Afrotheria, and their distribution consists of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar. There are 55 species in 21 genera; 34 species are tenrecs and otter shrews, and the other 21 species are golden moles. tenrecs have a large diversity of species in Madagascar, with 31 species found there, while the 3 other species are found in the Central and West African Rain Forests. The 20 species of golden mole are found mostly in the East and South African Savannas and Desserts.

  • Family Tenrecidae tenrecs and otter shrews
  • Subfamily Geogalinae
  • Genus Geogale long-eared tenrec
  • Subfamily Tenrecinae
  • Genus Setifer greater hedgehog tenrec
  • Genus Echinops lesser hedgehog tenrec
  • Genus Hemicentetes streaked tenrecs
  • Genus Tenrec common tenrec
  • Subfamily Oryzorictinae
  • Genus Microgale shrew tenrecs
  • Genus Oryzorictes rice tenrecs
  • Genus Limnogale web-footed tenrec
  • Subfamily Potamogalinae
  • Genus Micropotamogale otter shrews
  • Genus Potamogale giant otter shrew
  • Family Chrysochloridae golden moles
  • Genus Chrysospalax giant golden moles
  • Genus Calcochloris yellow golden moles
  • Genus Eremitalpa Grant's golden mole
  • Genus Cryptochloris cryptic golden moles
  • Genus Chrysochloris Cape golden moles
  • Genus Chlorotalpa forty-toothed golden moles
  • Genus Carpitalpa Arend's golden mole
  • Genus Neamblysomus lesser narrow-headed golden moles
  • Genus Amblysomus narrow-headed golden moles
  • Artiodactyla

    Artiodactyla is a large order of hoofed mammals, the even-toed ungulates. They are found nearly cosmopolitan, although no species are native to Australia or Antarctica. Broken into four suborder, Tylopoda (including Camelidae), Suina (including Suidae and Tayassuidae), Whippomorpha (including Hippopotamidae), and Ruminantia, which contains two Infraorders, Tragulina (including Tragulidae) and Pecora (including Moschidae, Cervidae, Bovidae, Antilocapridae, and Giraffidae). The higher taxonomy used for this order is based primarily on the Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Volume 2 on Hoofed Mammals, including the subfamily and tribal affiliations in each family. The Order includes about 242 recognized species, along with 6 recently extinct species. Groves and Grubbs Taxonomy of Ungulates is used as a minor reference for the Bovids.

  • Family Camelidae camels and relatives
  • Tribe Lamini
  • Genus Lama guanaco
  • Genus Vicugna vicuña
  • Tribe Camelini
  • Genus Camelus camels
  • Family Suidae pigs
  • Genus Babyrousa babirusa
  • Genus Phacochoerus warthogs
  • Genus Hylochoerus giant forest hog
  • Genus Potamochoerus bushpigs
  • Genus Sus typical pigs
  • Genus Porcula pygmy hog
  • Family Tayassuidae peccaries
  • Genus Catagonus Chacoan peccary
  • Genus Tayassu white-lipped peccary
  • Genus Pecari collared peccary
  • Family Hippopotamidae hippopotamuses
  • Genus Hippopotamus common hippopotamus
  • Genus Choeropsis pygmy hippopotamus
  • Family Tragulidae chevrotain
  • Genus Hyemoschus water chevrotain
  • Genus Moschiola spotted chevrotain
  • Genus Tragulus common chevrotain
  • Family Moschidae musk deer
  • Genus Moschus musk deer
  • Family Cervidae deer
  • Subfamily Capreolinae
  • Tribe Capreolini
  • Genus Hydropotes Chinese water deer
  • Genus Capreolus roe deer
  • Tribe Alceini
  • Genus Alces moose
  • Tribe Odocoileini
  • Genus Rangifer caribou
  • Genus Odocoileus Nearctic deer
  • Genus Ozotoceros Pampas deer
  • Genus Blastocerus marsh deer
  • Genus Mazama brockets
  • Genus Hippocamelus Huemel
  • Genus Pudu pudu
  • Subfamily Cervinae
  • Tribe Cervini
  • Genus Rusa rusa deer
  • Genus Dama fallow deer
  • Genus Axis hog deer
  • Genus Elaphurus Père David's deer
  • Genus Cervus typical deer
  • Tribe Muntiacini
  • Genus Muntiacus muntjacs
  • Genus Elaphodus tufted deer
  • Family Bovidae hollow-horned ungulates
  • Subfamily Bovinae
  • Tribe Bovini
  • Genus Bison bison
  • Genus Bos cattle
  • Genus Bubalus Asian buffalo
  • Genus Syncerus African buffalo
  • Genus Pseudoryx saola
  • Tribe Boselaphini
  • Genus Boselaphus nilgai
  • Genus Tetracerus chowsingha
  • Tribe Tragelaphini
  • Genus Tragelaphus bushbuck, bongo, nyala, kudu, and sitatunga
  • Genus Taurotragus elands
  • Subfamily Aepycerotinae
  • Genus Aepyceros impala
  • Subfamily Alcelaphinae
  • Genus Alcelaphus hartebeest
  • Genus Connochaetes wildebeest
  • Genus Damaliscus topi and bontebok
  • Genus Beatragus hirola
  • Subfamily Antilopinae
  • Tribe Neotragini
  • Genus Neotragus pygmy antelopes
  • Tribe Antilopini
  • Genus Raphicerus steenbok and grysbok
  • Genus Antidorcas springbok
  • Genus Ammodorcas dibatag
  • Genus Litocranius gerenuk
  • Genus Saiga saiga
  • Genus Antilope blackbuck
  • Genus Nanger Saharan gazelle
  • Genus Gazella typical gazelle
  • Genus Eudorcas side-striped gazelle
  • Genus Dorcatragus beira
  • Genus Madoqua dik-dik's
  • Genus Ourebia oribi
  • Genus Procapra Chinese gazelle
  • Tribe Oreotragini
  • Genus Oreotragus klipspringer
  • Subfamily Caprinae
  • Genus Pantholops chiru
  • Genus Budorcas takin
  • Genus Ammotragus Barbary sheep
  • Genus Arabitragus Arabian tahr
  • Genus Hemitragus Himalayan tahr
  • Genus Pseudois blue sheep
  • Genus Capra goats and ibexes
  • Genus Nilgiritragus Nilgiri tahr
  • Genus Ovis sheep
  • Genus Rupicapra chamois
  • Genus Nemorhaedus goral
  • Genus Oreamnos Rocky Mountain goat
  • Genus Capricornis serows
  • Genus Ovibos muskox
  • Subfamily Cephalophinae
  • Genus Sylvicapra bush duiker
  • Genus Philantomba blue duikers
  • Genus Cephalophus typical duikers
  • Subfamily Hippotraginae
  • Genus Hippotragus sable and roan antelopes
  • Genus Addax addax
  • Genus Oryx oryx
  • Subfamily Reduncinae
  • Genus Redunca reedbucks
  • Genus Kobus kobs, lechwe, and waterbucks
  • Genus Pelea rhebok
  • Family Antilocapridae pronghorn
  • Genus Antilocapra pronghorn
  • Family Giraffidae giraffe and okapi
  • Genus Giraffa giraffe
  • Genus Okapia okapi
  • Carnivora

    The Order Carnivora is represented by 16 families of mostly carnivorous and omnivorous mammals found worldwide terrestrially and in marine waters of the poles and some areas of the tropics. Divided into 2 large Suborders, Caniformia (Canidae, Ursidae, Ailuridae, Procyonidae, Mephitidae, Mustelidae, and the Pinnipeds, Otariidae, Phocidae, and Odobenidae) and Feliformia (Nandiniidae, Felidae, Prionodontidae, Viverridae, Hyaenidae, Herpestidae, and Eupleridae), the order contains about 289 recognized species, along with 4 recently extinct species, one of which is included in its own monotypic genus, Dusicyon. Tribe and Subfamily taxonomy comes mostly from the first volume of the Handbook of the Mammals of the World on Carnivores for the terrestrial species, and the 4th volume on Marine Mammals for the 3 marine families.

  • Family Nandiniidae African palm civet
  • Genus Nandinia African palm civet
  • Family Felidae cats
  • Subfamily Pantherinae
  • Genus Neofelis clouded leopards
  • Genus Panthera large cats
  • Subfamily Felinae
  • Genus Puma puma and jaguarundi
  • Genus Acinonyx cheetah
  • Genus Lynx lynxes
  • Genus Leopardus Neotropical small cats
  • Genus Caracal caracal
  • Genus Profelis African golden cat
  • Genus Leptailurus serval
  • Genus Pardofelis marbled and Asian golden cats
  • Genus Otocolobus Pallas's cat
  • Genus Felis typical small cats
  • Genus Prionailurus South Asian small cats
  • Family Prionodontidae Asian linsangs
  • Genus Prionodon linsangs
  • Family Viverridae civets, genets, and oyans
  • Subfamily Viverrinae
  • Genus Viverricula small Indian civet
  • Genus Viverra civets
  • Genus Civettictis African civet
  • Subfamily Genettinae
  • Genus Poiana oyans
  • Genus Genetta genets
  • Subfamily Hemigalinae
  • Genus Cynogale otter civet
  • Genus Chrotogale Owston's palm civet
  • Genus Hemigalus banded palm civet
  • Genus Diplogale Hose's palm civet
  • Subfamily Paradoxurinae
  • Genus Paradoxurus Asian and golden palm civets
  • Genus Paguma masked palm civet
  • Genus Arctogalidia small-toothed palm civet
  • Genus Macrogalidia Sulawesi palm civet
  • Genus Arctictis binturong
  • Family Hyaenidae hyenas
  • Subfamily Protelinae
  • Genus Proteles aardwolf
  • Subfamily Hyaeninae
  • Genus Crocuta spotted hyena
  • Genus Hyaena brown and striped hyenas
  • Family Herpestidae mongooses
  • Subfamily Mungotinae
  • Genus Crossarchus cusimanse
  • Genus Liberiictis Liberian mongoose
  • Genus Suricata meerkat
  • Genus Dologale Pousargues's mongoose
  • Genus Helogale dwarf mongooses
  • Genus Mungos Gambian and banded mongooses
  • Subfamily Herpestinae
  • Genus Atilax marsh mongoose
  • Genus Xenogale long-nosed mongoose
  • Genus Herpestes typical mongooses
  • Genus Galerella slender mongooses
  • Genus Cynictis yellow mongoose
  • Genus Paracynictis Selous's mongoose
  • Genus Bdeogale bushy-tailed mongooses
  • Genus Ichneumia white-tailed mongoose
  • Genus Rhynchogale Meller's mongoose
  • Family Eupleridae Malagasy carnivores
  • Subfamily Euplerinae
  • Genus Cryptoprocta fossa
  • Genus Eupleres falanouc
  • Genus Fossa spotted fanaloka
  • Subfamily Galidiinae
  • Genus Galidia ring-tailed vontsira
  • Genus Galidictis striped vontsira
  • Genus Mungotictis narrow-striped boky
  • Genus Salanoia brown vontsira
  • Family Canidae dogs
  • Genus Canis wolves and jackals
  • Genus Lycaon African wild dog
  • Genus Cuon dhole
  • Genus Lycalopex Neotropical foxes
  • Genus †Dusicyon Darwin's wolf
  • Genus Chrysocyon maned wolf
  • Genus Speothos bush dog
  • Genus Atelocynus short-eared dog
  • Genus Cerdocyon crab-eating fox
  • Genus Vulpes typical foxes
  • Genus Otocyon bat-eared fox
  • Genus Nyctereutes raccoon dog
  • Genus Urocyon gray foxes
  • Family Ursidae bears
  • Subfamily Ailuropodinae
  • Genus Ailuropoda giant panda
  • Subfamily Tremarctinae
  • Genus Tremarctos Andean bear
  • Subfamily Ursinae
  • Genus Helarctos sun bear
  • Genus Melursus sloth bear
  • Genus Ursus Holarctic bears
  • Family Ailuridae red panda
  • Genus Ailurus red panda
  • Family Procyonidae raccoons and relatives
  • Genus Nasuella mountain coati
  • Genus Nasua coati's
  • Genus Procyon raccoon's
  • Genus Potos kinkajou
  • Genus Bassaricyon olingo's
  • Genus Bassariscus ringtails
  • Family Mephitidae skunks and stink badgers
  • Subfamily Myadinae
  • Genus Mydaus stink badgers
  • Subfamily Mephitinae
  • Genus Spilogale spotted skunks
  • Genus Mephitis striped and hooded skunks
  • Genus Conepatus hog-nosed skunks
  • Family Mustelidae weasels, badgers, and otters
  • Subfamily Melinae
  • Genus Meles Eurasian badgers
  • Genus Arctonyx hog badgers
  • Subfamily Taxidiinae
  • Genus Taxidea American badger
  • Subfamily Mellivorinae
  • Genus Mellivora honey badger
  • Subfamily Martinae
  • Genus Gulo wolverine
  • Genus Eira tayra
  • Genus Martes martens
  • Subfamily Helictidinae
  • Genus Melogale ferret-badgers
  • Subfamily Galictidinae
  • Genus Galictis grison
  • Genus Vormela marbled polecat
  • Genus Ictonyx striped polecats
  • Genus Poecilogale African striped weasel
  • Subfamily Mustelinae
  • Genus Lyncodon Patagonian weasel
  • Genus Neovison American minks
  • Genus Mustela weasels
  • Subfamily Lutrinae
  • Genus Pteronura giant otter
  • Genus Lontra New World otters
  • Genus Enhydra sea otter
  • Genus Hydrictis spotted-necked otter
  • Genus Lutra Eurasian otters
  • Genus Aonyx clawless otters
  • Genus Lutrogale smooth-coated otter
  • Family Odobenidae walrus
  • Genus Odobenus walrus
  • Family Otariidae eared seals
  • Genus Callorhinus northern fur seal
  • Genus Arctocephalus southern fur seals
  • Genus Neophoca Australian sea lion
  • Genus Phocarctos New Zealand sea lion
  • Genus Otaria South American sea lion
  • Genus Eumetopias Steller sea lion
  • Genus Zalophus northern sea lions
  • Family Phocidae earless seals
  • Genus Monachus Mediterranean monk seal
  • Genus Neomonachus Hawaiian and Caribbean monk seals
  • Genus Mirounga elephant seals
  • Genus Hydrurga leopard seal
  • Genus Leptonychotes Weddell seal
  • Genus Lobodon crabeater seal
  • Genus Ommatophoca Ross seal
  • Genus Erignathus bearded seal
  • Genus Cystophora hooded seal
  • Genus Halichoerus gray seal
  • Genus Histriophoca ribbon seal
  • Genus Pagophilus harp seal
  • Genus Phoca harbor and spotted seal
  • Genus Pusa ringed and inland seals
  • Cetacea

    Cetacea is the largest order of marine mammal, with 92 extant species (one of which, the baiji, may be extinct), and is found in every ocean on the planet along with many inland rivers systems. The order is split into to Suborder, Mysticeti (including Balaenidae, Neobalaenidae, Eschrichtiidae, and Balaenopteridae) and Odontoceti (including Physeteridae, Kogiidae, Ziphiidae, Platanistidae, Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, Monodontidae, Delphinidae, and Phocoenidae), which include a total of 14 families, most of which have few representative species. The taxonomy here is exemplified by the 4th volume of the Handbook of the Mammals of the World on Marine Mammals.

  • Family Balaenidae right and bowhead whales
  • Genus Eubalaena right whales
  • Genus Balaena bowhead whale
  • Family Neobalaenidae pygmy right whale
  • Genus Caperea pygmy right whale
  • Family Eschrichtiidae gray whale
  • Genus Eschrichtius gray whale
  • Family Balaenopteridae rorquals
  • Genus Megaptera humpback whale
  • Genus Balaenoptera rorquals
  • Family Physeteridae sperm whale
  • Genus Physeter sperm whale
  • Family Kogiidae pygmy and dwarf sperm whales
  • Genus Kogia pygmy and dwarf sperm whales
  • Family Ziphiidae beaked whales
  • Genus Berardius giant beaked whales
  • Genus Ziphius Cuvier's beaked whale
  • Genus Hyperoodon bottlenose whales
  • Genus Tasmacetus Shepherd's beaked whale
  • Genus Indopacetus longman's beaked whale
  • Genus Mesoplodon mesoplodont beaked whales
  • Family Platanistidae South Asian river dolphin
  • Genus Platanista South Asian river dolphin
  • Family Iniidae Amazon river dolphins
  • Genus Inia Amazon river dolphins
  • Family Lipotidae baiji
  • Genus Lipotes baiji
  • Family Pontoporiidae Franciscana
  • Genus Pontoporia Franciscana
  • Family Monodontidae narwhal and beluga
  • Genus Delphinapterus beluga
  • Genus Monodon narwhal
  • Family Delphinidae oceanic dolphins
  • Genus Lagenorhynchus white-sided dolphins
  • Genus Orcaella snubfin dolphins
  • Genus Orcinus killer whale
  • Genus Delphinus common dolphins
  • Genus Lagenodelphis Fraser's dolphin
  • Genus Sotalia tucuxi and Guiana dolphin
  • Genus Sousa humpback dolphins
  • Genus Stenella striped, spotted, and spinner dolphins
  • Genus Steno rough-toothed dolphin
  • Genus Tursiops bottlenose dolphins
  • Genus Globicephala pilot whales
  • Genus Feresa pygmy killer whale
  • Genus Grampus Risso's dolphin
  • Genus Peponocephala melon-headed whale
  • Genus Pseudorca false killer whale
  • Genus Lissodelphis right whale dolphins
  • Genus Cephalorhynchus Antarctic dolphins
  • Family Phocoenidae porpoises
  • Genus Neophocaena finless porpoises
  • Genus Phocoenoides Dall's porpoise
  • Genus Phocoena typical porpoises
  • References

    List of mammal genera Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Fabrizio Divari
    Patrick Musimu
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L