Girish Mahajan (Editor)

List of hepato biliary diseases

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Hepato-biliary diseases include liver diseases and biliary diseases. Their study is known as hepatology.

Contents

Viral hepatitis

  • Acute hepatitis A
  • Acute hepatitis B
  • Acute hepatitis C
  • Acute hepatitis D – this is a superinfection with the delta-agent in a patient already infected with hepatitis B
  • Acute hepatitis E
  • Chronic viral hepatitis
  • Other viral hepatitis viruses may exist but their relation to the disease is not firmly established like the previous ones (hepatitis F, GB virus C, hepatitis X)
  • Other infectious diseases

  • Hepatitis:
  • cytomegalovirus infection
  • herpesviral: herpes simplex infection
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis
  • Portal hypertension in schistosomiasis
  • Liver disease in syphilis
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection
  • yellow fever virus infection
  • rubella virus infection
  • leptospirosis
  • Echinococcosis
  • Amoebiasis
  • Other inflammatory diseases

  • liver abscess
  • autoimmune hepatitis
  • primary biliary cholangitis (primary biliary cirrhosis)
  • phlebitis of the portal vein
  • granulomatous hepatitis
  • berylliosis
  • sarcoidosis
  • nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
  • Alcohol

    This may cause fatty liver, hepatitis, fibrosis and sclerosis leading to cirrhosis and finally liver failure.

    Toxins

    This includes mostly drug-induced hepatotoxicity, (DILI) which may generate many different patterns over liver disease, including

  • cholestasis
  • necrosis
  • acute hepatitis and chronic hepatitis of different forms,
  • cirrhosis
  • Effects of Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • other rare disorders like focal nodular hyperplasia, Hepatic fibrosis, peliosis hepatis and veno-occlusive disease.
  • Liver damage is part of Reye's syndrome.

    Tumours

    Malignant neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts. The most frequent forms are metastatic malignant neoplasm of liver)

  • liver cell carcinoma
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • hepatoma
  • cholangiocarcinoma
  • hepatoblastoma
  • angiosarcoma of liver
  • Kupffer cell sarcoma
  • other sarcomas of liver
  • Benign neoplasm of liver include hepatic hemangiomas, hepatic adenomas, and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH).

    End-stage liver disease

    Chronic liver diseases like chronic hepatitis, chronic alcohol abuse or chronic toxic liver disease may cause

  • liver failure and hepatorenal syndrome
  • fibrosis and cirrhosis of liver
  • Cirrhosis may also occur in primary biliary cirrhosis. Rarely, cirrhosis is congenital.

    Metabolic diseases

  • metabolic diseases (chapter E in ICD-10)
  • haemochromatosis
  • Wilson's disease
  • Gilbert's syndrome
  • Crigler-Najjar syndrome
  • Dubin-Johnson syndrome
  • Rotor's syndrome
  • Vascular disorders

  • chronic passive congestion of liver
  • central haemorrhagic necrosis of liver
  • infarction of liver
  • peliosis hepatis
  • veno-occlusive disease
  • portal hypertension
  • Budd-Chiari syndrome
  • Cysts

  • Congenital cystic disease of the liver
  • Cysts caused by Echinococcus
  • Polycystic liver disease
  • Others

    Amyloid degeneration of liver

    Gallbladder and biliary tract diseases

  • malignant neoplasm of the gallbladder
  • malignant neoplasm of other parts of biliary tract
  • extrahepatic bile duct
  • ampulla of Vater
  • cholelithiasis
  • cholecystitis
  • others (excluding postcholecystectomy syndrome), but including
  • other obstructions of the gallbladder (like strictures)
  • hydrops, perforation, fistula
  • cholesterolosis
  • biliary dyskinesia
  • K83: other diseases of the biliary tract:
  • cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
  • obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract
  • spasm of sphincter of Oddi
  • biliary cyst
  • biliary atresia
  • References

    ICD10 Liver Diseases [1]

    References

    List of hepato-biliary diseases Wikipedia


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