Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

List of guerrilla movements

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This is a list of notable guerrilla movements. It gives their English name, common acronym, and main country of operation.

Contents

Latin America

  • Brigade 2506 - Cuba
  • Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) El Salvador
  • Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG)
  • Sandinista National Liberation Front - Nicaragua
  • Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) or Zapatistas - Chiapas, Mexico
  • Araguaia guerrilla (PC do B) Brazil
  • Jungle Commando - Suriname
  • Contras - Nicaragua
  • 26th of July Movement - Cuba
  • Morazanist Patriotic Front - Honduras
  • Bolivarian Forces of Liberation - Venezuela
  • Tupamaros Movimiento de Liberación Nacional Tupamaros - Uruguay
  • Argentina

  • People's Revolutionary Army (Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo - ERP) - Argentina
  • Montoneros - Argentina
  • Tacuara Nationalist Movement (Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucinario Tacuara - MNRT) - Argentina
  • Peronist Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas Peronistas - FAP) - Argentina
  • Bolivia

  • Zarate Willka Armed Forces of Liberation (FALZW)
  • Ñancahuazú Guerrilla (ELN)
  • Néstor Paz Zamora Commission (CNPZ)
  • Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army (EGTK)
  • Chile

  • Lautaro Youth Movement (MJL) (1982-1994)
  • Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front (FPMR) (1983–1997)
  • Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) (1965-1987)
  • Colombia

  • Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) (1964–present)
  • National Liberation Army (ELN) (1964–present)
  • 19th of April Movement (M-19) (1970–1990)
  • Guevarista Revolutionary Army (1992–2008)
  • Popular Liberation Army (1967–present)
  • Simón Bolívar Guerrilla Coordinating Board (1987–1990s)
  • Movimiento Armado Quintin Lame (1984–1991)
  • Ernesto Rojas Commandos (1991–1992)
  • Indigenous Revolutionary Armed Forces of the Pacific
  • Mexico

  • Party of the Poor (PdlP)
  • Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR)
  • People's Guerrilla Group (GPG)
  • Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN)
  • Peru

  • Shining Path (SL) (1980–present)
  • Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) (1980s-1997)
  • National Liberation Army (ELN) (1962–1965)
  • Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) (1962-1965)
  • North America

  • Oath Keepers - United States
  • Black Liberation Army - United States
  • Caribbean Revolutionary Alliance - Guadeloupe
  • Nation of Islam's paramilitary security force (Fruit of Islam) - United States
  • MEChA's Brown Berets (paramilitary security force) - United States - "Border War"
  • Port7Alliance - United States
  • 3 Percenters - United States
  • The Order (Silent Brotherhood) - white nationalist revolutionary organization active in the United States between September 1983 and December 1984.
  • Historic

  • Symbionese Liberation Army - United States
  • Weather Underground - United States
  • Black Panther Party - United States
  • Quantrill's Raiders led by William Quantrill - United States
  • Front de libération du Québec - Canada
  • Direct Action - Canada
  • Europe

  • Irish National Liberation Army
  • National Liberation Army - Republic of Macedonia
  • Albanian National Army - Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece
  • Basque Fatherland and Liberty, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) - Spain
  • Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) - Semi-recognised country of Kosovo
  • Kosovo Republic Armed Forces (FARK) - Semi-recognised country of Kosovo
  • Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac - Serbia
  • Catalan Red Liberation Army - Spain
  • Elisabeth Van Dyck Commando - France
  • First of October Anti-Fascist Resistance Groups - Spain
  • Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist (TKP-ML) - Turkey
  • Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) - Northern Ireland
  • Red Brigades (BR, after split BR-PCC) - Italy
  • Chechen guerrillas under nominal leadership of Aslan Maskhadov (who is now deceased) - Chechnya
  • Historic

  • Armia Krajowa (Home Army) (Polish)
  • Bataliony Chłopskie (Polish)
  • Cursed soldiers (Polish)
  • Leśni (Polish)
  • Silent Unseen (Polish)
  • Battalion Zośka (Polish)
  • Uderzeniowe Bataliony Kadrowe (Polish)
  • National Armed Forces (Polish)
  • Anti-Soviet partisans (Polish)
  • Armia Ludowa (communist-ruled Poland)
  • Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party (communist-ruled Poland)
  • Lisowczycy (Polish)
  • Anti-communist resistance in Poland (1944–46) (Polish)
  • Henryk Dobrzański (Polish - the first guerrilla commander of the Second World War in Europe)
  • Polish resistance movement in World War II (it was a part of the Polish Underground State, the large guerrilla movement that initiated the Warsaw Uprising, as well as some other anti-Nazi partisan-warfare-based actions like the Zamość Uprising, the Battle of Osuchy, the Raid on Mittenheide, Operation Tempest, or Operation Heads).
  • Kuva-yi Milliye during Turkish War of Independence - Turkey
  • Forest Brothers - Estonia/Latvia/Lithuania (World War II–1952 approx.)
  • World War II Resistance movements in various countries sponsored by the United Kingdom and other Western governments;
  • Irish Republican Army - Ireland (prior to the establishment of an independent state of Ireland)
  • Chetniks - Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslav Partisans - Yugoslavia
  • Red Brigades (BR, later split, BR-PCC and BR-UCC largest factions) - Italy
  • Action Directe (AD) - France
  • Snapphane Movement - Sweden, pro-Danish partisans that fought against the Swedes in the 17th century.
  • Soviet government-organized Soviet partisans in the Axis-occupied territories during World War II
  • Bielski partisans (Jewish from Poland)
  • Parczew partisans (Jewish from Poland)
  • Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS) - Greece
  • Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) - Ukraine
  • Red Army Faction (RAF) - Western Germany, known also as Baader-Meinhof Gang
  • Democratic Army of Greece, Communist partisans during the Greek Civil War - Greece
  • National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters (EOKA) during Cypriot intercommunal violence - Cyprus
  • National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters-B (EOKA-B) during Cypriot intercommunal violence and Turkish invasion of Cyprus - Cyprus
  • Turkish Resistance Organisation (TMT) during Cypriot intercommunal violence and Turkish invasion of Cyprus - Cyprus
  • Africa

  • Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) - South Africa (armed wing of ANC)
  • Mau Mau - Kenya
  • National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) – Angola (nationalist guerrillas who first fought the Portuguese and later Angola's communist led regime)
  • Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) – Angola (communist guerrillas who fought Portuguese rule and later established a Marxist regime)
  • National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) – Angola (anti-communist guerrillas backed by the United States and Apartheid South Africa. Angolan Civil War)
  • Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) – Eritrea
  • Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) – Liberia
  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro (POLISARIO) – Western Sahara
  • Zimbabwe African People's Union – Rhodesia/Zimbabwe.
  • Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) – Mozambique (communist guerrillas who won independence from Portugal and established a Marxist regime)
  • Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) – Mozambique (anti-communist guerrillas, supported by Rhodesia and South Africa, who fought in the Mozambican Civil War)
  • South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) – Namibia (an independence movement that fought South African rule during the Apartheid era)
  • Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) – Nigeria
  • Lesotho Liberation Army (LLA) – Lesotho
  • Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) – Uganda
  • Uganda People's Democratic Army – Uganda
  • National Resistance Army – Uganda
  • Azanian People's Liberation Army (earlier known as Poqo) - South Africa (armed wing of the PAC)
  • Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) – South Africa
  • Islamic Front for the Liberation of Oromia
  • Oromo Liberation Front
  • Sudan People's Liberation Army - SPLA. South Sudanese based rebel group that fought against the Islamist and Arab dominated regime in Khartoum during the Second Sudanese Civil War. They now control the independent nation of South Sudan
  • Sudan Liberation Movement/Army
  • Justice and Equality Movement
  • Janjaweed
  • Niger Movement for Justice
  • Green Resistance - Gaddafi supporters in Libya post-2011
  • Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda or FDLR - Successor to ALiR, Hutu extremists
  • Army for the Liberation of Rwanda or ALiR - Hutu nationalists who fled Rwanda after the 1994 Genocide and took up arms in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Sudan People's Liberation Movement-in-Opposition or SPLM-IO (South Sudanese rebels fighting the SPLM led government since 2013. South Sudanese Civil War
  • Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire or the AFDL. These were anti-Mobutu rebels in the former Zaire during the First Congo War
  • Rally for Congolese Democracy - RCD, anti-government forces backed by Rwanda during the Second Congo War
  • Movement for the Liberation of Congo - anti-government forces backed by Uganda during the Second Congo War
  • Asia

  • Northern Alliance – Afghanistan
  • Taliban – Afghanistan
  • Haqqani Network - Afghanistan
  • Jundallah – Iran/Pakistan
  • Al-Qaeda – has been based in Afghanistan
  • Khmer Rouge – Cambodia
  • Mujahedin - (generic grouping) Afghanistan, Middle East
  • People's Mujahedin of Iran
  • Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) East-Timor
  • Pathet Lao - Laos
  • Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) - Philippines
  • Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF, a break away group of the MNLF) - Philippines
  • Hukbalahaps - Philippines
  • New People's Army (NPA) - Philippines
  • Abu Sayyaf - Philippines
  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil Tigers) - Sri Lanka
  • Lashkar-e-Toiba—based in Pakistan
  • United Liberation Front of Asom—India/Bangladesh
  • Balochistan Liberation Army - Pakistan
  • JKLF- Kashmir
  • Hizbul Mujahideen- Kashmir
  • Jaish-e-Mohammed- India
  • Naxalite Movement - India
  • People's Liberation Army, Nepal- Nepal
  • Historic

  • Chushi Gangdruk - Tibet, China
  • Communist Party of China - China
  • Katipunan (KKK) - Philippines
  • Righteous army-Korea
  • National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam (NLF) - Vietnam
  • Viet Minh - Vietnam
  • Hermes - Borneo/Malaysia—The Dayak's indigenous guerrilla group which fights against discrimination by the Malaysian Government to their race. They also fight for Free Religions in Malaysia.
  • Shivaji - India
  • Free Aceh Movement - Aceh, Indonesia
  • Middle East

  • Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
  • People's Defence Forces (HPG)
  • Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) - Turkey
  • Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK) - Greater Kurdistan
  • Kurdistan Democratic Party/North (KDP/Bakur) - Turkey
  • Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK)
  • Eastern Kurdistan Units (YRK)
  • Women's Defence Forces (HPJ)
  • Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI)
  • Komala (KZK)
  • Kurdistan Freedom Party (PAK)
  • Communist Party of Kurdistan (KKP) - Turkey
  • Revolutionary Party of Kurdistan (PŞK) - Turkey
  • Communist Party of Kurdistan (KKP)
  • National Liberation Front of Kurdistan (ERNK)
  • Revolutionary Headquarter
  • People's Protection Units (YPG)
  • Women's Protection Units (YPJ)
  • Euphrates Volcano
  • Jabhat al-Akrad
  • United Freedom Forces (BÖG)
  • Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA) - Lebanon, Armenia and the USA
  • Irgun
  • Lehi (group)
  • Black September
  • Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
  • Ansar al-Islam
  • Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades
  • Popular Resistance Committees
  • Hamas
  • Islamic Jihad
  • Hezbollah - Lebanon
  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman
  • Iranian People's Fadaee Guerrillas- Iran
  • Front for the Liberation of the Golan - Syria
  • Turkey

  • Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist (TKEP/L) (1990-present)
  • Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist (TKP/ML) (1972-present)
  • Maoist Communist Party (MKP) (2002-present)
  • Marxist–Leninist Armed Propaganda Unit (MLSPB) (1975-present)
  • Marxist–Leninist Communist Party (MLKP) (1994-present)
  • Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front (DHKP-C) (1994-present)
  • Patriotic Revolutionary Youth Movement (YDG-H) (2013-present)
  • People's Liberation Party-Front of Turkey (THKP-C) (1970-1972)
  • Oceania

  • Bougainville Revolutionary Army
  • References

    List of guerrilla movements Wikipedia


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