Trisha Shetty (Editor)

List of free economic zones

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In special economic zones business and trades laws differ from the rest of the country. The term, and a number of other terms, can have different specific meanings in different countries and publications. Often they have relaxed jurisdiction of customs or related national regulations. They can be ports or other large areas or smaller allocated areas.


Terms include free port (porto Franco), free zone (zona franca), bonded area (US: foreign-trade zone), free economic zone, free trade zone, export processing zone and maquiladora.

Most commonly a free port is a special customs area or small customs territory with generally less strict customs regulations (or no customs duties and/or controls for transshipment). Earlier in history, some free ports like Hong Kong enjoyed political autonomy. Many international airports have free ports, though they tend to be called customs areas, customs zones, or international zones.


Mtwara Freeport Zone


Misrata Free Zone


Free Port of Monrovia


  • Port Said
  • Suez Canal Container Terminal
  • Eritrea

  • Massawa Free Port and International Airport
  • Assab Free Port and International Airport
  • Morocco

    1. Tangier Exportation Free Zone
    2. Atlantic Free Zone Kenitra


  • The Mauritius Free Port
  • Nigeria

    Registered Free Zones in Nigeria

    Although the enabling act came into effect in 1992, the pioneer Free Zone (the Calabar Free Trade Zone) was not fully completed until 1999, and commenced operation after official commissioning in November 2001. Since then, the Free Zones Scheme has been used as a vehicle for industrial and commercial development of the country. Private Sector participation and partnership with the Federal Government and other tiers of government has helped spread the scheme. This has culminated in the establishment of specialised Free Zones and other types of Zones, namely:

    The introduction of free zones has played a large role in increasing the amount of investment into Nigeria. When all the free zones are fully operational, Nigeria is projected to play a large role in expanding export-driven manufacturing activities in Africa.


  • Manama
  • China

  • Shanghai
  • Guangzhou
  • Shenzhen
  • Tianjin
  • Xiamen
  • Zhuhai
  • Hong Kong

  • Central Ferry Piers, Victoria City
  • Container Terminal 9, Tsing Yi
  • Kai Tak Cruise Terminal, Kowloon
  • Kwai Tsing Container Terminals, Stonecutters Island
  • River Trade Terminal, Tuen Mun
  • Tsim Sha Tsui Ocean Terminal, Kowloon
  • Tsim Sha Tsui Ferry Pier, Kowloon
  • Tuen Mun Ferry Pier, Tuen Mun
  • Indonesia

  • Batam
  • Papua
  • Iran

  • Anzali
  • Qeshm
  • Chabahar
  • Kish Island
  • Arvand Free Zone
  • Israel

  • Eilat
  • Japan

  • Nagasaki
  • Niigata
  • Tokyo
  • Thailand

  • Port of Laem Chabang
  • Port of Bangkok
  • Port of Chieng Saen
  • Port of Chiang Kong
  • Port of Ranong
  • Lebanon

  • Port of Beirut
  • Port of Tripoli (Lebanon)
  • Macau

  • Inner Harbour Ferry Terminal, Cotai West
  • Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, Sé, Macau Peninsula
  • Taipa Ferry Terminal, Taipa East
  • Ka Ho Port, Coloane
  • Malaysia

  • Penang Until 1969
  • Langkawi
  • Mongolia

  • Tsagaan Nuur Free Economic Zone
  • Altanbulag Free Trade Zone
  • Zamyn-Uud Free Economic Zone
  • Pakistan

  • Gwadar Gwadar Port
  • Philippines

  • Zamboanga City Special Economic Zone Authority
  • Singapore

  • Singapore
  • South Korea

  • Incheon
  • Busan
  • Gwangyang
  • Taiwan

  • Port of Keelung Free Trade Zone
  • Port of Taipei Free Trade Zone
  • Port of Taichung Free Trade Zone
  • Port of Kaohsiung Free Trade Zone
  • Taoyuan Air Cargo Park Free Trade Zone
  • Turkey

  • Mersin
  • İzmir
  • Çorlu
  • Adana-Yumurtalık
  • United Arab Emirates

  • Abu Dhabi Airport Free Zone (ADAFZ)
  • Ahmed Bin Rashid Free Zone (ABRFZ)
  • Ajman Free Zone (AFZ)
  • Creative City
  • Dubai Airport Freezone (DAFZ)
  • Dubai Biotechnology & Research Park (DuBiotech)
  • Dubai Car and Automotive City Free Zone (DUCAMZ)
  • Dubai Gold and Diamond Park
  • Dubai Multi Commodities Centre Free Zone
  • Dubai Internet City
  • Dubai Media City
  • Dubai Studio City
  • Dubai TechnoPark
  • Dubai Technology and Media Free Zone (TECOM)
  • International Media Production Zone
  • Dubai Knowledge Village
  • Dubai Logistics City
  • Dubai Healthcare City
  • Dubai Industrial City (DIC)
  • Dubai International Academic City
  • Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC)
  • DuBiotech
  • Economic Zones World (EZW)
  • Fujairah Free Zone (FFZ)
  • Dubai Outsource Zone
  • Dubai Silicon Oasis (DSO)
  • Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZA)
  • Hamriyah Free Zone
  • Higher Corporation for Specialized Economic Zones (HCSEZ) - ZonesCorp
  • Industrial City of Abu Dhabi
  • JLT Free Zone Dubai
  • Khalifa Port and Khalifa Industrial Zone Abu Dhabi (Kizad)
  • RAK Investment Authority Free Zone (RAKIA FZ)
  • Ras Al Khaimah Free Trade Zone
  • Ras Al Khaimah IT Park
  • Ras Al Khaimah Media Free Zone
  • Sharjah Airport International Free Zone (SAIF)
  • twofour54 Abu Dhabi
  • Virtuzone Free Zone
  • Albania

  • Koplik (Albanian Alps)
  • Spitalle (Port of Durres)
  • Austria

    (member of the European Union)

  • Linz (port on river Danube)
  • Vienna (port on river Danube)
  • Belarus

  • Brest FEZ
  • Grodno FEZ
  • Croatia

    (member of the European Union)

  • Rijeka, 1723
  • Zadar, 1922-1947 (Porto Franco della città di Zara)
  • Denmark

    (member of the European Union)

  • Freeport of Copenhagen (Københavns Frihavn), Copenhagen
  • Finland

    (member of the European Union)

  • Free zone of Lappeenranta (Lappeenrannan Vapaa-alue)
  • Freeport of Hanko (Hangon Vapaasatama)
  • France

    (member of the European Union)

  • Free Zone of Le Verdon - Port de Bordeaux (Zone franche du Verdon — Port de Bordeaux)
  • Germany

    (member of the European Union)

  • Freeport of Bremerhaven (Freihafen Bremerhaven)
  • Freeport of Cuxhaven (Freihafen Cuxhaven), since 1896
  • Freeport of Deggendorf (Freihafen Deggendorf), since 1989
  • Freeport of Duisburg (Freihafen Duisburg), since 1989
  • Georgia

  • Adjara autonomous republic
  • Batumi, 1878-1886 (then Russia)
  • Gibraltar

  • Port of Gibraltar
  • Greece

    (member of the European Union)

  • Free zone of Piraeus
  • Free zone of Thessaloniki
  • Free zone of Heraklion
  • Free zone of Evros (Debzos)
  • Ireland

    (member of the European Union)

  • Port of Cork Free Port
  • Shannon Free Zone
  • Isle of Man

  • Isle of Man Airport (Ballasala)
  • Italy

    (member of the European Union)

  • Livorno, 1675–1860
  • Free Zone of Venice (Porto franco di Venezia)
  • Aosta Valley
  • Campione d'Italia
  • Livigno
  • Port of Trieste
  • Latvia

    (member of the European Union)

  • Free port of Riga
  • Free port of Ventspils
  • Lithuania

    (member of the European Union)

  • Free Port of Klaipėda
  • Klaipėda Free Economic Zone
  • Kaunas Free Economic Zone
  • Luxembourg

  • Luxembourg Freeport
  • Malta

    (member of the European Union)

  • Malta Freeport
  • Monaco

  • Monaco Freeport
  • Portugal

    (member of the European Union)

  • Free Zone of Madeira - Caniçal (Zona franca da Madeira - Caniçal)
  • Romania

    (member of the European Union)

  • Port of Constanţa, January 2007
  • Russia

  • Nakhodka
  • Vladivostok, 1861–1909, 2015 (Free port of Vladivostok)
  • Spain

    (member of the European Union)

  • Free zone of Barcelona (Zona franca de Barcelona)
  • Free zone of Cádiz (Zona franca de Cádiz)
  • Free zone of Vigo (Zona franca de Vigo)
  • Free zone of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Zona franca de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)
  • Free zone of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Zona franca de Tenerife)
  • (Ceuta and Melilla are not Free Ports or Free zones because they are part of Spain, but not part of the European union for customs and excises)
  • Sweden

    (member of the European Union)

  • Marstrand Free Port, 18th century
  • Saint-Barthélemy, 1785–1878
  • Stockholms frihamn, 1919–1995
  • Frihamnen, Göteborg, 1922-
  • Switzerland

  • Geneva Freeport, La Praille, Geneva
  • Geneva Cointrin International Airport free port, Geneva
  • Magazzini Generali con Punto Franco SA, Chiasso and Stabio, free port and bonded warehouse, Chiasso
  • PESA - Port-Franc et Entrepôts de Lausanne-Chavornay SA, free port and bonded warehouse, Chavornay (Vaud)
  • SEV - Société des Entrepôts Vevey SA, free port and bonded warehouse, Vevey
  • Cyprus

    (member of the European Union)

  • Limassol Free Zone
  • Larnaca Free Zone
  • Ukraine

  • free port and free economic zone Odessa
  • 1819-1858
  • Trade sea port of Odessa, January 1, 2000 for 25 years
  • United Kingdom

    (member of the European Union)

  • Liverpool Free Zone
  • Prestwick Airport Free Zone
  • Southampton Free Zone
  • Tilbury Free Zone
  • Port of Sheerness Free Zone
  • Argentina

  • Zona Franca La Plata
  • Polo Industrial Zona Franca General Pico, La Pampa
  • The Bahamas

  • Freeport, Grand Bahama
  • Bermuda

  • Free port of Hamilton Harbour, Hamilton, Bermuda
  • Brazil

  • Zona Franca de Manaus
  • Canada

  • Regina
  • Chile

  • Iquique
  • Punta Arenas
  • Colombia

  • San Andrés Islands
  • Zona Franca Bogota
  • Zona Franca del Pacifico Cali-Palmira
  • Dominican republic

  • Mega Port of Punta Caucedo
  • Jamaica

  • Montego Bay
  • Panama

  • Colón Free Trade Zone
  • Puerto Rico

  • Zona Franca Saret
  • Uruguay

  • Carrasco International Airport (Free Airport)
  • Zona Franca de Montevideo
  • Zona Franca Colonia
  • Zona Franca Rivera
  • Puerto de Montevideo (Free Port)
  • United States

  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Venezuela

  • Free port of Isla Margarita (Puerto Libre de Margarita)
  • Free zone of the Paraguaná Peninsula (Zona Franca de la Península de Paraguaná)
  • Free zone of Santa Elena de Uairén (Zona Franca de Santa Elena de Uairén)
  • References

    List of free economic zones Wikipedia

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