| 707 (as of 2016)|
| Second-level administrative division|
States and union territories of India
Greatest: Thane, Maharashtra—11,060,148 (2011 census)
Least: Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh—8,004 (2011 census)
Largest: Kachchh, Gujarat—17,626 sq mi (45,650 km)
Smallest: Mahe, Puducherry—3.36 sq mi (8.7 km)
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. In some cases districts are further subdivided into sub-divisions, and in others directly into tehsils or talukas. As of 2016 there are a total of 707 districts, up from the 640 in the 2011 Census of India and the 593 recorded in the 2001 Census of India.
District officials include:Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate or District Collector, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service, in charge of administration and revenue collection
Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, responsible for maintaining law and order
Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, entrusted with the management of the forests, environment and wildlife of the district
Each of these officials is aided by officers from the appropriate branch of the state government.
Most districts have a distinct headquarters; Mumbai City district (MC) in Maharashtra (MH) is an example which, despite forming a district, does not have a clear headquarters, though it does have a District Collector.
Mahe of Puducherry is the smallest (9 km2) district of India by area while Kutch of Gujarat is the largest (45,652 km2) district of India by area.
List of districts in India Wikipedia
The majority of districts are named after their administrative centre. Some are referred to by two names, a traditional one and one that uses the name of the town that is the headquarters. Since most of the districts are named after a town, the word "district" is appended to distinguish between the town and the district. Official websites very often use District with a capital D in this context.
The names of the 687 districts are mostly unique. There are some exceptions:Within India 7 district names are ambiguous, representing 14 districts:
Aurangabad district, Bihar & Aurangabad district, Maharashtra
Balrampur district, Chhattisgarh & Balrampur district, Uttar Pradesh.
Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh & Bijapur district, Karnataka
Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh & Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh
Hamirpur district, Himachal Pradesh & Hamirpur district, Uttar Pradesh
Lakhimpur district, Assam & Lakhimpur Kheri district, Uttar Pradesh
Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan & Pratapgarh district, Uttar Pradesh
Outside of India, but within South Asia, there are 7 districts:
Bhojpur district, Bihar shares a name with Bhojpur District, Nepal
Daman district, India shares a name with Daman District, Afghanistan
Ghaziabad District, Uttar Pradesh shares a name with Ghaziabad District, Afghanistan
Gopalganj district, Bihar shares a name with Gopalganj District, Bangladesh
Hyderabad district, Telangana shares a name with Hyderabad District, Pakistan
Lalitpur district, Uttar Pradesh shares a name with Lalitpur District, Nepal
Poonch district, Jammu and Kashmir, shares a name with Poonch District, Pakistan (the two were, prior to Partition, one district – which got split by the Line of Control, so since then the two parts have been administered separately)
Outside of South Asia entirely, there are 2 districts:
Mansa district, Punjab, with Mansa District, Zambia
Dhar District, Madhya Pradesh, with Dhar District, Yemen.
The following tables list the population details of various states. The columns include the hierarchical administrative subdivision codes, the district name, district headquarters, 2011 census population, area in square kilometres, and the population density per square kilometre.