Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

List of districts in India

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Number  707 (as of 2016)
List of districts in India
Category  Second-level administrative division
Location  States and union territories of India
Populations  Greatest: Thane, Maharashtra—11,060,148 (2011 census) Least: Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh—8,004 (2011 census)
Areas  Largest: Kachchh, Gujarat—17,626 sq mi (45,650 km) Smallest: Mahe, Puducherry—3.36 sq mi (8.7 km)
Government  District Administration

A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. In some cases districts are further subdivided into sub-divisions, and in others directly into tehsils or talukas. As of 2016 there are a total of 707 districts, up from the 640 in the 2011 Census of India and the 593 recorded in the 2001 Census of India.

Contents

District officials include:

  • Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate or District Collector, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service, in charge of administration and revenue collection
  • Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, responsible for maintaining law and order
  • Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, entrusted with the management of the forests, environment and wildlife of the district
  • Each of these officials is aided by officers from the appropriate branch of the state government.

    Most districts have a distinct headquarters; Mumbai City district (MC) in Maharashtra (MH) is an example which, despite forming a district, does not have a clear headquarters, though it does have a District Collector.

    Mahe of Puducherry is the smallest (9 km2) district of India by area while Kutch of Gujarat is the largest (45,652 km2) district of India by area.

    Naming

    The majority of districts are named after their administrative centre. Some are referred to by two names, a traditional one and one that uses the name of the town that is the headquarters. Since most of the districts are named after a town, the word "district" is appended to distinguish between the town and the district. Official websites very often use District with a capital D in this context.

    Ambiguous names

    The names of the 687 districts are mostly unique. There are some exceptions:

  • Within India 7 district names are ambiguous, representing 14 districts:
  • Aurangabad district, Bihar & Aurangabad district, Maharashtra
  • Balrampur district, Chhattisgarh & Balrampur district, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh & Bijapur district, Karnataka
  • Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh & Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh
  • Hamirpur district, Himachal Pradesh & Hamirpur district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Lakhimpur district, Assam & Lakhimpur Kheri district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan & Pratapgarh district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Outside of India, but within South Asia, there are 7 districts:
  • Bhojpur district, Bihar shares a name with Bhojpur District, Nepal
  • Daman district, India shares a name with Daman District, Afghanistan
  • Ghaziabad District, Uttar Pradesh shares a name with Ghaziabad District, Afghanistan
  • Gopalganj district, Bihar shares a name with Gopalganj District, Bangladesh
  • Hyderabad district, Telangana shares a name with Hyderabad District, Pakistan
  • Lalitpur district, Uttar Pradesh shares a name with Lalitpur District, Nepal
  • Poonch district, Jammu and Kashmir, shares a name with Poonch District, Pakistan (the two were, prior to Partition, one district – which got split by the Line of Control, so since then the two parts have been administered separately)
  • Outside of South Asia entirely, there are 2 districts:
  • Mansa district, Punjab, with Mansa District, Zambia
  • Dhar District, Madhya Pradesh, with Dhar District, Yemen.
  • The following tables list the population details of various states. The columns include the hierarchical administrative subdivision codes, the district name, district headquarters, 2011 census population, area in square kilometres, and the population density per square kilometre.

    References

    List of districts in India Wikipedia


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