List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary. The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.
Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence. They may also be under-reported for political reasons. Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.
A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004. UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) reported a global average intentional homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population for 2012 (in their report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013"). UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.
UNODC's global studyNote: Please update the UNODC tables only with UNODC data.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has a site called Global Study on Homicide. All data in this section comes from reports on that site. Latest year for each country is indicated in the table below.
Intentional homicide, as defined by UNODC, is "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person".
Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.
The UNODC report has bar charts and timeline graphs of homicide rates for subregions. But the report does not list exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.
By countryNote. Only data from the UNODC source is used for this main table. Please do not add data from other sources. Also, do not add references within the table itself. This breaks row alignment between the column of row numbers on the left, and the rest of the table. See Help:Sorting for info on row numbering.
Click on the sorting cell below the rate column in order to sort countries by homicide rate. The row number column on the left is static and its order does not change. It is useful for ranking countries by homicide rate.
Click on the sorting cell below the country column to sort alphabetically.
The initial order of the countries is alphabetical within subregion. Subregions are initially in alphabetical order within regions. Reload the page to return to that initial subregion order. Click sorting buttons to sort alphabetically or numerically. Can sort in ascending or descending order.
The regions and region names in the table are based on the United Nations geoscheme since the table source is a United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) report. Enlarge the map to the right for more info.
For the full table with more info and multiple years see the UNODC source.
This chart does not use the very latest data due to differences in how intentional homicide is defined, collected, and calculated for each country. In order to have more consistent, continuous, and reliable oversight only the latest UNODC sourcing is used for this section on countries.Note: x (in the count column, mainly in the Oceania section) – From UNODC source: "due to small population size the estimated count is less than 2". "Notes" column links to notes section just below the chart. It has additional info about wars, mass murders, etc.. There is a total yearly count of homicides for each country. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.
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Rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart. The references are linked from the sources column.