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Libby Larsen

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Education  University of Minnesota
Organization founded  American Composers Forum
Libby Larsen Libby Larsen Receives George Peabody Medal
Similar  Stephen Paulus, Arleen Auger, Calamity Jane, James Litton
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Elizabeth Brown "Libby" Larsen (born December 24, 1950) is an American composer. Along with composer Stephen Paulus, she is a co-founder of the Minnesota Composers Forum, now the American Composers Forum.

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A former holder of the Papamarkou Chair at John W. Kluge Center of the Library of Congress, Larsen has also held residencies with the Minnesota Orchestra, the Charlotte Symphony Orchestra and the Colorado Symphony Orchestra.

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Early life

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Libby Larsen was born in Wilmington, Delaware, the third of five daughters in the family. At the age of three, Libby and her family moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota.

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Her first musical experience dates from the time when she was three years old. She observed her older sister's piano lessons at home; later, she imitated what she had heard. Her formal music education began at the Saint Joseph of Carondelet nuns at Christ the King School. All students sang Gregorian Chant and learned to sight-read using moveable ‘do’ solfege. The rhythmic flexibility and prosody of text Larsen learned in chant showed her that there is freedom in music, a concept that would prove to be very influential in her future compositions. In addition to her classical training, Larsen's father was an amateur clarinetist in a Dixieland band, and her mother played boogie-woogie on the record player, giving her a multifarious and very American musical background.

Musical career

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Larsen attended the University of Minnesota for both her undergraduate and graduate work. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Theory and Composition in 1971, a Masters of Arts degree in Composition in 1975, and a PhD in Theory and Composition in 1978. Throughout her studies at university, she studied composition with Dominick Argento, Paul Fetler and Eric Stokes. In 1975, Larsen married her husband, James Reece, whom she met at university.

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In 1973, Larsen co-founded the Minnesota Composers Forum with colleague Stephen Paulus with the goal to provide a public platform and an audience for the creation and performance of new compositions, along with giving practical help in business matters such as applying for fellowships and negotiating contracts. In 1996, the organization changed its name to the American Composers Forum and established chapters in cities throughout the country including New York, Atlanta, Washington D.C. and Los Angeles, among others. Its base is still in St. Paul, Minnesota.

In 1983, Larsen was appointed one of the Minnesota Orchestra's two composers-in-residence, making her the first woman to serve as a resident composer with a major orchestra. She composed her first symphony, Water Music, for the Minnesota Orchestra, which was premiered in 1985 under Sir Neville Marriner. During her time with the Minnesota Orchestra, Larsen researched reasons for the low attendance of people of her own age at classical concerts and why non-European composers were not adequately represented in concert programs. This led her to studies of classical music in America and its place in American culture, the results of which she has explored in her compositions and other philosophical projects. In 1986, her daughter Wynne was born.

Larsen organized and became artistic director of the Hot Notes Series (sponsored by the Schubert Club of St. Paul) in 1993, which focuses on the modern keyboard, particularly on the interaction between performer and synthesized sound. This interaction has become a feature of her later works, including Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus (1990) based on the book by Mary Shelley. This work used electronic visual effects such as projectors and screens around the theater which showed different perspectives (e.g. those of the monster or those of Frankenstein himself) throughout the opera. This opera was Larsen's first exploration of technological sound and was selected as one of the eight best classical music events of 1990 by USA Today.

In 1993, she won a Grammy Award for producer of Best Classical Vocal Performance for "The Art of Arlene Augér", featuring her song cycle Sonnets from the Portuguese. In 1996, she received Honorary Doctorates from both St. Mary's College/Notre Dame, and the University of Nebraska.

In addition to being known as a composer, Larsen is known as a musical philosopher and speaker. She has given keynote addresses at places such as the League of American Orchestras, American Choral Directors Association, American Orff-Schulwerk Association National Convention, Concert Band Directors National Association, Dominique de Menil Presidential Lecture Series at Rice University (2001), Music Educators National Convention, and National Association of Schools of Music. From 2003-04, she served as the first Harissios Papamarkou Chair in Education and Technology at the Library of Congress.

In 2010, Larsen received a George Peabody Medal for Outstanding Contributions to Music in America.

Influences

When asked about her influences, Larsen responded, "To tell the truth, my teachers have come to me from unexpected places in my musical life. They have been poets, architects, painters and philosophers. The other way I really learn is by reading scores voraciously, from Chuck Berry to Witold Lutosławski."

Style and approach

Her style and approach to music comes from her own philosophy on music. Her music comes from the sound she hears everyday around her in the world. It is noted for its "energy, optimism, rhythmic diversity, colourful orchestration, liberated tonality without harsh dissonance, and pervading lyricism."

The rhythms used are often taken directly from the American language: "our own American language has beautiful rhythms in it; it is this American vernacular and the rhythm of our American life that is the language of my music." Pieces such as Holy Roller (about a revivalist preacher’s speech) and Bid Call (about auctioneering patterns) showcase this style. Larsen composes without barlines, preferring to first discover the natural flow of a line and then refine it until she finds a common meter, giving many of her compositions a feeling of free internal rhythm.

Awards

  • 1987 Distinguished Alumni Award
  • 1988 National Opera Association Production Competition Award, “Christina Romana”
  • 1989 American Center for International Leadership—US/USSR Emerging Leaders Summit
  • 1992 Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Silver Medal
  • 1993 Grammy Award
  • 1996 Clarion Award, “The Road to Beijing”
  • 1996 Gustavus Adolphus Fine Arts Medal
  • 1996 Honorary Doctorate, St. Mary’s College/Notre Dame
  • 1996 Honorary Doctorate, University of Nebraska
  • 2000 Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters
  • 2001 Distinguished Minnesota Award
  • 2003 Eugene McDermott Award in the Arts
  • 2007 inducted into the Minnesota Music Hall of Fame
  • 2010 George Peabody Medal
  • Selected works

    This is only a list of selected works. For a list of Larsen's complete works see List of compositions by Libby Larsen. Opera:

  • Clair de Lune (1984)
  • Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus (1990)
  • Barnum’s Bird (2000)
  • Dreaming Blue (2000)
  • Orchestral:

  • Symphony No. 1 “Water Music” (1985)
  • Symphony No. 2 “Coming Forth Into Day” (1986)
  • Marimba Concerto: After Hampton (1992)
  • Ring of Fire (1995)
  • Song-Dances to the Light (1995)
  • Symphony No. 5: “Solo Symphony” (1999)
  • “Still Life with Violin” (2000)
  • “Evening in the Palace of Reason” (2008)
  • Band:

  • Strut (2003)
  • An Introduction to the Moon (2005)
  • Choral:

  • ”Who Cannot Weep Come Learn of Me” (1985)
  • Songs of Youth and Pleasure (1986)
  • The Settling Years (1988)
  • "I Just Lightning" (1994)
  • Seven Ghosts (1995)
  • Today This Spring (1995)
  • "By a Departing Light" (1999)
  • Four Valentines: A Lover’s Journey (2000)
  • "Jack’s Valentine" (2001)
  • "Womanly Song of God" (2003)
  • Western Songs (2005)
  • Vocal:

  • Songs From Letters (1989)
  • Sonnets From the Portuguese (1991)
  • Love After 1950 (2000)
  • Try Me, Good King: Last Words of the Wives of Henry VIII (2000)
  • This Unbearable Stillness: Songs from the Balcony (2003)
  • Sifting Through the Ruins (2005)
  • Instrumental:

  • “Four on the Floor” (1984)
  • “Dancing Solo” (1994)
  • “Slang” (1994)
  • Concert Piece for Tuba and Piano (1995)
  • “Holy Roller” (1997)
  • “Barn Dances” (2001)
  • “Bid Call” (2002)
  • "Yellow Jersey" (2004)
  • “Song Concerto” (2005)
  • Concert Piece for Bassoon and Piano
  • Multimedia:

  • Matineé: The Fantom of the Fair (2014)
  • Featured discography

  • Dreaming Blue
  • I Just Lightning
  • Licorice Stick
  • Libby Larsen: Symphony no. 4 for Strings; Songs of Light and Love; Songs from Letters
  • Libby Larsen: Deep Summer Music; Concerto for Marimba: “After Hampton”, Symphony no. 5: “Solo Symphony”
  • The Art of Arleen Augér
  • Missa Gaia “Mass for the Earth”
  • Grand Larsen-y: Vocal Music of Libby Larsen
  • The Eternal Feminine
  • Songs

    Sonnets from the Portuguese: How Do I Love Thee?Auger - Arleen - The Art Of Arleen Auger: Larsen - Schumann - Purcell - Mozart · 1993
    A Lover's Journey: IV Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?Romance du Soir · 2009
    Sonnets from the Portuguese - No 5 "Oh - yes!"

    References

    Libby Larsen Wikipedia


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