Neha Patil

Lebombo Mountains

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Peak  Mount Mananga
Width  100 km (62 mi) E/W
Elevation  776 m
Age of rock  Precambrian
Types of rock  Rhyolite, Basalt
Length  800 km (500 mi) N/S
Type of rock  Rhyolite and basalt
Orogeny  Gondwana
Period  Precambrian
Lebombo Mountains Lebombo mountains MKUZI Game Reserve Jozini Dam Pinterest
Countries  Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland

The lebombo mountains central kruger national park


The Lebombo Mountains, also called Lubombo Mountains (Portuguese: Montes Libombos), are an 800 km long, narrow range of mountains in Southern Africa. They stretch from Hluhluwe in KwaZulu-Natal in the south to Punda Maria in the Limpopo Province in South Africa in the north. Part of the mountains are also found in Mozambique and Swaziland.

Contents

Lebombo Mountains kwaqatha and lebombo mountains photoapparat photos from Adrian

Description

Lebombo Mountains The Lebombo Mountains Lake Jozini Pongola Picture of Shayamoya

Geologically, the range is considered a monocline; part of a rifted volcanic margin. The Lebombo monocline was aligned with the Explora Escarpment off-shore Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, before the break-up of Gondwana. The Lebombo monocline strikes N-S and dips to the east. It is composed of a sequence of Jurassic age volcanic rock, both basaltic lavas and rhyolitic flows and tuffs. The sequence rests on essentially horizontal Karoo Supergroup sedimentary rocks of the Kalahari Craton to the west and is overlain by Cretaceous to recent sediments to the east. The alternating resistant rhyolite and easily eroded basalts produce a series of parallel sharp cuesta ridges separated by savanna plains.

Lebombo Mountains httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The range is relatively low with heights between 450 and less than 800 m. The highest peak is 776 m high Mount Mananga. The 480 m high Longwe is the highest point in the Lebombo Range north of the Letaba River.

Lebombo Mountains Lebombo Group

The mountains dominate Lubombo District in Swaziland. Towns in the area include Siteki in the centre, Lubhuku in the west and Mayaluka and Big Bend in the south with the Lusutfu River running past the southern region of the mountain range. At the north lie the towns of Simunye, Tambankulu and Namaacha, and the Mlawula Nature Reserve as well as the Mbuluzi River.

A number of rivers, including the Pongola, Mkuze, and Lusutfu, cross the mountains from west to east.

The name of the mountains is derived from the Zulu word ubombo meaning "big nose".

Protected areas

Kruger National Park and Phongolo Nature Reserve protect part of the range.

Lebombo Mountains Lebombo Mountains map Kids Encyclopedia Children39s Homework
Lebombo Mountains Lebombo Group

References

Lebombo Mountains Wikipedia


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