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Lawrence Roberts (scientist)

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Name  Lawrence Roberts
Role  Scientist
Books  How reference works

Lawrence Roberts (scientist) internethalloffameorgsitesdefaultfilesinducte
Institutions  Lincoln Lab, ARPA, Telnet
Alma mater  Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Known for  founding father of the internet
Influences  J. C. R. Licklider, Ivan Sutherland
Notable awards  IEEE Computer Pioneer Award IEEE Computer Society W. Wallace McDowell Award Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) SIGCOMM Communications Award Harry Goode Memorial Award International Engineering Consortium Fellow award, 2001 Charles Stark Draper Prize of the National Academy of Engineers Principe de Asturias Award, 2002 Secretary of Defense Meritorious Service Medal Interface Conference Award L.M. Ericsson prize for research in data communications, 1982
Education  Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Parents  Elliott Roberts, Elizabeth Roberts
Awards  Charles Stark Draper Prize, SIGCOMM Award
Influenced by  J. C. R. Licklider, Ivan Sutherland
Similar People  Leonard Kleinrock, Robert E Kahn, Paul Baran, Donald Davies, Vint Cerf

Lawrence roberts internet hall of fame pioneer

Lawrence G. Roberts (born December 21, 1937 in Connecticut) is an American scientist who received the Draper Prize in 2001 "for the development of the Internet", and the Principe de Asturias Award in 2002.


Lawrence Roberts (scientist) Lawrence Roberts INTERNET HALL of FAME PIONEER YouTube

As a program manager and office director at the Advanced Research Projects Agency, Roberts and his team created the ARPANET using packet switching techniques invented by British computer scientist Donald Davies. The ARPANET was a predecessor to the modern Internet.

Lawrence Roberts (scientist) History of Computers and Computing Internet Birth Larry Roberts

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Early life and education

Lawrence (Larry) Roberts grew up in Westport, Connecticut as the son of Elliott and Elizabeth Roberts, who both had earned their doctorates in chemistry. During his youth, he built a Tesla coil, assembled a television, and designed a telephone network built from transistors for his parent's Girl Scout camp.

Roberts attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he received his bachelor's degree (1959), master's degree (1960), and Ph.D. (1963), all in electrical engineering.


After receiving his PhD, Roberts continued to work at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory. Having read the seminal 1961 paper of the "Intergalactic Computer Network" by J. C. R. Licklider, Roberts developed a research interest in time-sharing using computer networks.

In 1967, he was recruited by Robert Taylor in the ARPA Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) to become the program manager for the ARPANET. Wesley A. Clark suggested the use of a dedicated computer, called the Interface Message Processor at each node of the network instead of centralized control. Shortly afterwards, at the 1967 ACM Symposium on Operating System Principles, Roberts met a member of Donald Davies' team (Roger Scantlebury) who presented their research on packet switching and suggested it for use in the ARPANET. Roberts applied Davies' concepts of packet switching for the ARPANET, and sought input from Paul Baran and Leonard Kleinrock. Subsequently, Roberts developed the plan for the ARPANET, the first wide area packet-switching network, and managed its implementation. ARPA issued a request for quotation (RFQ) to build the system, which was awarded to Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN). When Robert Taylor was sent to Vietnam in 1969 and then resigned, Roberts became director of the IPTO.

In 1973, Roberts left ARPA to commercialize the nascent packet-switching technology in the form of Telenet, the first packet switch utility company, and served as its CEO from 1973 to 1980. In 1983 he joined DHL Corporation as President and CEO. He was CEO of NetExpress, an Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) equipment company, from 1983 to 1993. Roberts was president of ATM Systems from 1993 to 1998. He was chairman and CTO of Caspian Networks, but left in early 2004; Caspian ceased operation in late 2006.

As of 2011, Roberts was the founder and chairman of Anagran Inc. Anagran continues work in the same area as Caspian: IP flow management with improved quality of service for the Internet.

Since September 2012, he was CEO of Netmax in Redwood City, California.

Awards and honors

  • IEEE Harry M. Goode Memorial Award (1976 ), "In recognition of his contributions to the architectural design of computer-communication systems, his leadership in creating a fertile research environment leading to advances in computer and satellite communications techniques, his role in the establishment of standard international communication protocols and procedures, and his accomplishments in development and demonstration of packet switching technology and the ensuing networks which grew out of this work."
  • L.M. Ericsson Prize (1982) in Sweden
  • Member, National Academy of Engineering (1978)
  • Computer Design Hall of Fame Award (1982)
  • IEEE W. Wallace McDowell Award (1990), "For architecting packet switching technology and bringing it into practical use by means of the ARPA network."
  • Association for Computing Machinery SIGCOMM Award (1998), for "visionary contributions and advanced technology development of computer communication networks".
  • IEEE Internet Award (2000) For "early, preeminent contributions in conceiving, analyzing and demonstrating packet-switching networks, the foundation technology of the Internet."
  • International Engineering Consortium Fellow Award (2001)
  • National Academy of Engineering Charles Stark Draper Prize (2001), "for the development of the Internet"
  • Principe de Asturias Award 2002 in Spain "for designing and implementing a system that is changing the world by providing previously unthought of opportunities for social and scientific progress."
  • NEC C&C Award (2005) in Japan "For Contributions to Establishing the Foundation of Today's Internet Technology through...the Design and Development of ARPANET and Other Early Computer Networks that were Part of the Initial Internet."
  • In 2012, Roberts was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame by the Internet Society.
  • References

    Lawrence Roberts (scientist) Wikipedia

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