Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Latham's snipe

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Charadriiformes
Family  Scolopacidae
Scientific name  Gallinago hardwickii
Rank  Species
Phylum  Chordata
Suborder  Scolopaci
Genus  Gallinago
Higher classification  Gallinago
Latham's snipe httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsbb
Similar  Bird, Swinhoe's snipe, Sandpiper, Sharp‑tailed sandpiper, Pin‑tailed snipe

Latham s snipe

Latham's snipe, Gallinago hardwickii, also known as the Japanese snipe, is a medium-sized, long-billed, migratory snipe of the East Asian–Australasian Flyway.


Latham's snipe Latham39s Snipe BirdLife Australia

Singing bird latham s snipe


The snipe is 29–33 cm long, with a wingspan of 50–54 cm and weight of 150–230 g.


Latham's snipe Tracking Latham39s snipe migration from Japan to southern Australia

It is identifiable as a Gallinago snipe by its cryptically-patterned black, brown, buff and white plumage, but is not easily distinguished from Swinhoe's and pin-tailed snipe in the field, though it is slightly larger.

Distribution and habitat

Latham's snipe Queensland Wader Study Group Shorebird research and conservation

The snipe breeds mainly in Hokkaidō in northern Japan, with smaller numbers on Honshū, the eastern Russian mainland and, historically, Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands. The entire population migrates and spends the non-breeding season principally in eastern Australia, where it is the commonest Gallinago snipe. It has been recorded on migration in Taiwan, the Philippines and New Guinea, and is a rare straggler to New Zealand.

Latham's snipe Oriental Bird Club Image Database Photographers

The snipe's breeding habitat in Asia includes alpine moorland, grasslands, rough pasture, young tree plantations and cultivated areas. Non-breeding habitat in Australia is shallow freshwater wetlands of various kinds, with bare mud or shallow water for feeding and nearby vegetation cover for shelter.


Latham's snipe Latham39s Snipe Australian Birds photographs by Graeme Chapman

Courtship consists of display flights and drumming by the males. It nests on the ground, concealed in vegetation, with a clutch of four eggs.


Latham's snipe Latham39s Snipe Australian Birds photographs by Graeme Chapman

Latham's snipe is an omnivorous species that feeds on seeds and other plant material (mainly from species in families such as Cyperaceae, Poaceae, Juncaceae, Polygonaceae, Ranunculaceae and Fabaceae), and on invertebrates including insects (mainly flies and beetles), earthworms, spiders and occasionally molluscs, isopods and centipedes.

Status and conservation

Internationally, Latham’s snipe is considered to be a species of Least Concern. In Australia it used to be hunted as a gamebird but is now completely protected.


Latham's snipe Wikipedia

Similar Topics
Swinhoe's snipe